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Sources: www.purpleday.org and

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  • prev-uh-luh ncesee ree bruhl outer layer of gray matter that covers the surface of the cerebral hemisphere. in memory, attention, perceptual awareness, thought, language, and consciousness.
  • en-sef-uh-luh-gram rez-uh-nens
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  • Depend on the seizure type, other medical conditions, the doctor treating the patient, costs
  • Characterised by stiffening, falling and jerkingcon vuhl sive
  • Starting blankly, confused, not responding.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Created by Latifa Matter & Ahmed Matter Sources: www.purpleday.org and Presentation made by Susan R. Rahey Neurophysiology Program Coordinator What is Purple Day? A day dedicated to increasing awareness about epilepsy worldwide. On 26th March, people from around the globe are encouraged to wear purple and spread the word about epilepsy. Why Purple? Lavender is the international colour for epilepsy. Who started Purple Day? Nine year old Cassidy Megan created the idea of Purple Day in 2008, motivated by her own struggles with epilepsy. With the help of The Epilepsy Association of Nova Scotia and the Anita Kaufmann Foundation, Purple Day was officially launched.
    • 2. Created by Latifa Matter & Ahmed Matter Sources: www.purpleday.org and Presentation made by Susan R. Rahey Neurophysiology Program Coordinator Schools around the world wearing purple and spreading awareness.
    • 3. Created by Latifa Matter & Ahmed Matter Sources: www.purpleday.org and Presentation made by Susan R. Rahey Neurophysiology Program Coordinator Different businesses and organisations as well encourage their employees to wear purple and spread awareness.
    • 4. Created by Latifa Matter & Ahmed Matter Sources: www.purpleday.org and Presentation made by Susan R. Rahey Neurophysiology Program Coordinator What is Epilepsy? •A condition of the brain that is characterized by spontaneous, recurrent seizures. •Prevalence: 0.5 - 1.0% of population •Can be caused by any pathology affecting the cortex (genetic, infectious, traumatic, vascular, etc.) According to WHO • An estimated number of 50 million people are living with epilepsy and around 35 million have little or no access to treatment.
    • 5. Created by Latifa Matter & Ahmed Matter Sources: www.purpleday.org and Presentation made by Susan R. Rahey Neurophysiology Program Coordinator Brain cells communicate with each other by means of tiny bursts of electrical activity. When a group of brain cells have an unexpected erratic electrical discharge, a seizure occurs. When do seizures occur?
    • 6. Created by Latifa Matter & Ahmed Matter Sources: www.purpleday.org and Presentation made by Susan R. Rahey Neurophysiology Program Coordinator The Diagnosis: Patient’s medical history is obtained. Patient is then tested. There are different types of tests that can be conducted including: EGG (Electroencephalogram) MRI Scan (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)
    • 7. Created by Latifa Matter & Ahmed Matter Sources: www.purpleday.org and Presentation made by Susan R. Rahey Neurophysiology Program Coordinator Seizure Classification Epileptic Seizures Generalised Partial Simple ComplexAbsence Tonic-clonicAtonic Myoclonic Secondarily Generalized Secondarily Generalised
    • 8. Created by Latifa Matter & Ahmed Matter Sources: www.purpleday.org and Presentation made by Susan R. Rahey Neurophysiology Program Coordinator Antiepileptic Drugs • Phenobarbital 1912 • Phenytoin (Dilantin) 1938 • Primidone (Mysoline) 1952 • Carbamazepine (Tegretol)1960s • Valproic acid (Depakene) 1970s • NOTE: Plegabalin is not available in Canada Since 1991: • Clobazam (Frisium) • Vigabatrin (Sabril) • Lamotrigine (Lamictal) • Gabapentin (Neurontin) • Topiramate (Topimax) • Oxcarbazepine (Trileptil) • Levetiracetam (Keppra) • Pregabalin • Stiripentol • Zonisamide Since 2003: • Lacosamide (Vimpat)
    • 9. Created by Latifa Matter & Ahmed Matter Sources: www.purpleday.org and Presentation made by Susan R. Rahey Neurophysiology Program Coordinator First Aid for Convulsive Seizures •Remain Calm •Protect from further injury •Do not restrain movement •Do not force anything in the mouth •Roll the person on their side •If a seizure lasts longer than 5 minutes, or repeats without full recovery SEEK MEDICAL ASSISTANCE
    • 10. Created by Latifa Matter & Ahmed Matter Sources: www.purpleday.org and Presentation made by Susan R. Rahey Neurophysiology Program Coordinator First Aid for Non-convulsive Seizures •Stay with the person •Do not restrain, but gently guide the person away from danger •Observe carefully After All Types of Seizures Speak calmly, be comforting and reassuring. The person may be confused for 10-30 minutes after the seizure ends.
    • 11. Created by Latifa Matter & Ahmed Matter Sources: www.purpleday.org and Presentation made by Susan R. Rahey Neurophysiology Program Coordinator Wear Purple on March 26th and support epilepsy awareness globally. Visit www.purpleday.org to find out more information about epilepsy.