PSY 260: Behavioral Neuroscience
10:00 – 11:15 AM Tues/Thurs
Professor: Jane Adams, Ph.D.
Teaching Assistant: Patricia Jan...
Office Hours:
Tues and Thurs – right after class; then
11:45 – 12:45 in my office.
Office Location: Room 270 - 4th
floor o...
5 Viewpoints that Aid Understanding in
Behavioral Neuroscience
• Use of behavioral descriptions
• Use of biological descri...
Research Approaches
• somatic intervention - alter neuroanatomy or
neurophysiology and measure the change in
behavior
• be...
Historical Approaches to Treatment of
Disorders
I. Ancient Civilizations - B.C.
• Spells, incantations, or poisons to rid ...
Historical Approaches to Treatment of
Disorders
II. Early A.D.
• Loss of speech - rub the tongue and gargle
special prepar...
Historical Approaches to Treatment of
Disorders
III. 14th-16th Century
• continued use of leeches and other ways of
draini...
IV. 17th Century
• strange and unusual medicines - burned
dog’s turd, earthworms, hog brains, crab
eyes, mummy powders and...
People in history/Questions
Do body and soul interact?
1. Descartes - French scientist - 1600s
• Suggested that body and s...
People in history – Where does knowledge
come from? Not God?
2. John Locke - late 1600s - 1700s
• suggested that all knowl...
V. 18th Century
• first removal of brain tumors
• some tried dissolving tumors with acids -not
successful
• continued leec...
People in history - 1700s-1900s
Now believed brain was the controller. How
does the brain work and what does it do?
3. Gal...
People in history - 1700s-1900s
What is the relationship between brain
structure and function? (? raised by Gall)
4. Broca...
5. Fechner, Helmholtz, Wundt - 1700s-1800s
• scientists studying sensation and perception
• studied physical stimulation a...
VI. 19th Century
• electrotherapy widely used - epilepsy,
paralysis, stroke victims, insanity, blindness,
deafness, “under...
People in history - 20th century
7. Ebbinghaus, Thorndike, Pavlov - research
on learning and memory
8. Franz and Lashley -...
VII. 20th Century
• growing interest in measuring the effects of
various therapies
• growing use of surgery
• growing use ...
Your attitudes?
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  • History by way of approacjes to treatmet
  • Sept 4

    1. 1. PSY 260: Behavioral Neuroscience 10:00 – 11:15 AM Tues/Thurs Professor: Jane Adams, Ph.D. Teaching Assistant: Patricia Janulewicz
    2. 2. Office Hours: Tues and Thurs – right after class; then 11:45 – 12:45 in my office. Office Location: Room 270 - 4th floor of the McCormack building. Email contact: jane.adams@umb.edu
    3. 3. 5 Viewpoints that Aid Understanding in Behavioral Neuroscience • Use of behavioral descriptions • Use of biological descriptions • Use of evolutionary explanations • Use of understanding of developmental changes in nervous system and behavior • Use of knowledge applied to improving the health and well-being of humans and other animals
    4. 4. Research Approaches • somatic intervention - alter neuroanatomy or neurophysiology and measure the change in behavior • behavioral intervention - alter behavior and then measure changes in neuroanatomy or neurophysiology • correlation - relate existing physical characteristics to behavioral characteristics
    5. 5. Historical Approaches to Treatment of Disorders I. Ancient Civilizations - B.C. • Spells, incantations, or poisons to rid the body of demons; • blood-letting through cuts or leeches • drilling into the skull to release demons, pressure, or infection
    6. 6. Historical Approaches to Treatment of Disorders II. Early A.D. • Loss of speech - rub the tongue and gargle special preparations • headaches/epilepsy - place 1 or more electric rays (Torpedo fish) on the head to shock patient • paralysis of one side of face - destroy nerve on other side to give the face symmetry
    7. 7. Historical Approaches to Treatment of Disorders III. 14th-16th Century • continued use of leeches and other ways of draining blood or wounds • new concoctions - boil puppies in oil of lilies then mix with earthworms and turpentine • new tools for operating on the brain (brace and drill)
    8. 8. IV. 17th Century • strange and unusual medicines - burned dog’s turd, earthworms, hog brains, crab eyes, mummy powders and many plants • new surgical tools - still just for purpose of removing bone or releasing pressure or infection • wounds dressed with hides of freshly killed animals - dogs, mice, lambs
    9. 9. People in history/Questions Do body and soul interact? 1. Descartes - French scientist - 1600s • Suggested that body and soul are 2 separate things - one physical, one spiritual. Dualism. • Said they communicate in brain area • Still believed that all knowledge came from god - Nativism • Put focus on the brain as the most important organ for behavior
    10. 10. People in history – Where does knowledge come from? Not God? 2. John Locke - late 1600s - 1700s • suggested that all knowledge comes from experience - Empiricism. • Mind is a blank slate at birth - tabula rasa • directed attention to brain and how it works
    11. 11. V. 18th Century • first removal of brain tumors • some tried dissolving tumors with acids -not successful • continued leeching and draining of blood- leeches became scarce and very expensive • continued use of electric fish - 1st use of manmade electricity - believed best treatment for nervous disorders
    12. 12. People in history - 1700s-1900s Now believed brain was the controller. How does the brain work and what does it do? 3. Gall • suggested that certain areas of brain involved in certain behavioral traits – Phrenology - not very scientific: bumps on skull due to brain size of the part underneath related to personality traits
    13. 13. People in history - 1700s-1900s What is the relationship between brain structure and function? (? raised by Gall) 4. Broca • 1st scientific evidence relating brain structure to function • The Case of Tan - man who lost ability to speak; Broca found tumor in left frontal area of brain. • Broca’s area - important for speech
    14. 14. 5. Fechner, Helmholtz, Wundt - 1700s-1800s • scientists studying sensation and perception • studied physical stimulation and the psychological experience of it - psychophysics 6. William James - late 1800s • consciousness as a property of the nervous system that should be studied through biology of nervous system
    15. 15. VI. 19th Century • electrotherapy widely used - epilepsy, paralysis, stroke victims, insanity, blindness, deafness, “underdeveloped children”, etc • idea arose of brain as electrical generator and nerves as wires • beginning use of educational approaches to help people with stroke/ speech disorders • ideas about brain areas controlling speech
    16. 16. People in history - 20th century 7. Ebbinghaus, Thorndike, Pavlov - research on learning and memory 8. Franz and Lashley - location of memory via brain lesion studies 9. Hebb - learning and memory occur in complex networks of brain cells whereby connections are strengthened through use
    17. 17. VII. 20th Century • growing interest in measuring the effects of various therapies • growing use of surgery • growing use of drugs • advances in techniques to study the brain and behavior • advances in understanding brain anatomy, physiology, and function
    18. 18. Your attitudes?

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