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Research Methods
Psych 402
LECTURE 14 – APA Format
VHS Mind #3 – Nocebo or
VH514 E2 (#11 Causation - smoking)
Journal Papers Assignment
“Research chain”
Print out (no PDF, no electronic) copy of 3 journal articles.
Topic is EEG or f...
Your name
Research: EEG and depression
• Tops M, Wijers AA, van Staveren AS, Bruin KJ, Den Boer JA, Meijman TF,
& Korf J. ...
APA Format
-- Title Page
-- Abstract (new page)
-- Introduction (new page - repeat title - no heading)
-- Method (Particip...
Title page 1”+ margins (bottom too)
page header (1st
2 or 3 words)
page #
Prosocial Behavior 1
Running head: ADOLESCENT BE...
1st page of main text 1”+ margins (bottom too)
page header
page #
Prosocial Behavior 3
title Prosocial Behavior in Adolesc...
APA Format
-- Title Page
-- Abstract (new page)
-- Introduction (new page - repeat title - no heading)
-- Method (Particip...
Method Section 1”+ margins (bottom too) all double-spaced
Sub-headings page header
in italics page #
Prosocial Behavior 5
...
APA Format
-- Title Page
-- Abstract (new page)
-- Introduction (new page - repeat title - no heading)
-- Method (Particip...
Results 1”+ margins (bottom too) all double-spaced
page header page#
Prosocial Behavior 7
after which the participants wer...
APA Format
-- Title Page
-- Abstract (new page)
-- Introduction (new page - repeat title - no heading)
-- Method (Particip...
Discussion 1”+ margins (bottom too) all double-spaced
page header page#
Prosocial Behavior 8
hypothesized, there was a rel...
APA Format
-- Title Page
-- Abstract (new page)
-- Introduction (new page - repeat title - no heading)
-- Method (Particip...
Citing
• Do not quote from scientific papers;
instead, paraphrase and summarize
• Citing work in text:
– Kaiser and Jobs (...
reference page 1” + margins (bottom too)
page header
page #
Prosocial Behavior 11
References
Banyon,I. P., Hector, L., & S...
Table 1”+ margins (bottom too) all double-spaced
page header page#
Prosocial Behavior 12
Table 1
italics Summary of Age, G...
Table 1”+ margins (bottom too) all double-spaced
page header page#
Prosocial Behavior 13
Table 2
italics Relationship of G...
Figure 1”+ margins (bottom too) all double-spaced
Caption page header page#
Prosocial Behavior 14
centered Figure Caption
...
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
Familiar Unfamiliar
MeanNumberofProsocialActs
Backside of figure
TOP
Figure #
Running Head
Abstract 1”+ margins (bottom too) all double-spaced
page header
Do not page #
indent
Prosocial Behavior 2
Abstract
Relatio...
APA Abbreviations
• Hour = hr
• Minute = min
• Second = s
• Millisecond = ms
• Inch = in.
• Mile = mi
• Meter = m
• Centim...
Numbers v Numerals
• Use numerals in the following cases
1. all numbers 10 or above (13 responses, 108 examples)
All numbe...
Example published paper
• Different to manuscript on some format
issues, but not content issues
Research Methods Psych 402 LECTURE 14 – APA Format
Research Methods Psych 402 LECTURE 14 – APA Format
Research Methods Psych 402 LECTURE 14 – APA Format
Research Methods Psych 402 LECTURE 14 – APA Format
Research Methods Psych 402 LECTURE 14 – APA Format
Research Methods Psych 402 LECTURE 14 – APA Format
Research Methods Psych 402 LECTURE 14 – APA Format
Research Methods Psych 402 LECTURE 14 – APA Format
Research Methods Psych 402 LECTURE 14 – APA Format
Research Methods Psych 402 LECTURE 14 – APA Format
Research Methods Psych 402 LECTURE 14 – APA Format
Research Methods Psych 402 LECTURE 14 – APA Format
Research Methods Psych 402 LECTURE 14 – APA Format
Research Methods Psych 402 LECTURE 14 – APA Format
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Research Methods Psych 402 LECTURE 14 – APA Format

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Transcript of "Research Methods Psych 402 LECTURE 14 – APA Format"

  1. 1. Research Methods Psych 402 LECTURE 14 – APA Format VHS Mind #3 – Nocebo or VH514 E2 (#11 Causation - smoking)
  2. 2. Journal Papers Assignment “Research chain” Print out (no PDF, no electronic) copy of 3 journal articles. Topic is EEG or fMRI for psychiatric conditions depression, bipolar, anxiety, OCD, PTSD,schizophrenia, autism, personality disorders 1 point per paper, 1 point for citing one of the papers in another 5 point maximum I need a cover sheet where you provide the 3 citations, and also inform me which citation contains link to other papers Highlight (yellow marker or underline) those citations in the reference section of the paper
  3. 3. Your name Research: EEG and depression • Tops M, Wijers AA, van Staveren AS, Bruin KJ, Den Boer JA, Meijman TF, & Korf J. (2005). Acute cortisol administration modulates EEG alpha asymmetry in volunteers: relevance to depression. Biological Psychology, 69, 181-93. • Bruder GE, Tenke CE, Warner V, & Weissman MM. (2003). Electroencephalographic measures of regional hemispheric activity in offspring at risk for depressive disorders. Biological Psychiatry., 57, 328-35. • Itil TM, Polvan N, & Hsu W. (1998). Clinical and EEG effects of GB-94, a "tetracyclic" antidepressant (EEG model in discovery of a new psychotropic drug). American Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology, 14, 399-413. • Itil et al (1998) and Bruder et al (2003) are both cited in Tops et al (2005)
  4. 4. APA Format -- Title Page -- Abstract (new page) -- Introduction (new page - repeat title - no heading) -- Method (Participants, Materials, Procedure) -- Results -- Discussion -- References (new page) -- Tables (each on a new page) -- Figure Caption (new page) -- Figure (each on a new page, no running head or page#)
  5. 5. Title page 1”+ margins (bottom too) page header (1st 2 or 3 words) page # Prosocial Behavior 1 Running head: ADOLESCENT BEHAVIOR running head Prosocial Behavior in Adolescents is Related to Characteristics of Both the Situation and the Individual title Jane Doe author Rochester Institute of Technology affiliation
  6. 6. 1st page of main text 1”+ margins (bottom too) page header page # Prosocial Behavior 3 title Prosocial Behavior in Adolescents is Related to Characteristics of Both the Situation and the Individual The extent of prosocial behavior that adolescents double exhibit to peers has been shown to be related to their spacing gender (Banyon, Hector, & Slachter, 1993), as well as to all their age (Harrelson, 1992). In addition, it has been … lines
  7. 7. APA Format -- Title Page -- Abstract (new page) -- Introduction (new page - repeat title - no heading) -- Method (Participants, Materials, Procedure) -- Results -- Discussion -- References (new page) -- Tables (each on a new page) -- Figure Caption (new page) -- Figure (each on a new page, no running head or page#)
  8. 8. Method Section 1”+ margins (bottom too) all double-spaced Sub-headings page header in italics page # Prosocial Behavior 5 to examine this hypothesis in greater detail. Method centered Participants Two hundred participants recruited from under- graduate psychology courses completed the question-… Materials The Personal and Situational Prosocial Behavior Questionnaire was used to …. Procedure After completion of the informed consent form each participant completed the ...
  9. 9. APA Format -- Title Page -- Abstract (new page) -- Introduction (new page - repeat title - no heading) -- Method (Participants, Materials, Procedure) -- Results -- Discussion -- References (new page) -- Tables (each on a new page) -- Figure Caption (new page) -- Figure (each on a new page, no running head or page#)
  10. 10. Results 1”+ margins (bottom too) all double-spaced page header page# Prosocial Behavior 7 after which the participants were excused. Results The age, gender and ethnic background of this sample is summarized in Table 1. There was a positive relationship between scores on the Personal subscale of the PSPB and the number of prosocial behaviors centered reported by participants, r(298) = .43, p = .001. There was no positive correlation between Situational subscale and prosocial behavior, r(298) = .09, p = .43. As shown in Figure 1, more prosocial behaviors were reported in the “friendly” than in the “unfriendly” situation, F(1,298) = 4.32, p = .003 ... Statistical symbols in italics - r, X2 , F, MSE, p
  11. 11. APA Format -- Title Page -- Abstract (new page) -- Introduction (new page - repeat title - no heading) -- Method (Participants, Materials, Procedure) -- Results -- Discussion -- References (new page) -- Tables (each on a new page) -- Figure Caption (new page) -- Figure (each on a new page, no running head or page#)
  12. 12. Discussion 1”+ margins (bottom too) all double-spaced page header page# Prosocial Behavior 8 hypothesized, there was a relationship between gen- der and preferred type of helping situation, X²(1) = 4.45, p = .023. Table 2 shows that, as expected, fe- males preferred situations involving people they know, centered however, contrary to the hypothesis, males had no preference between the two situations. Discussion The results generally supported the hypotheses derived from consideration of both personal and sit- uational attributes when predicting prosocial behavior. While there was no correlation between the Situation ... Statistical symbols in italics
  13. 13. APA Format -- Title Page -- Abstract (new page) -- Introduction (new page - repeat title - no heading) -- Method (Participants, Materials, Procedure) -- Results -- Discussion -- References (new page) -- Tables (each on a new page) -- Figure Caption (new page) -- Figure (each on a new page, no running head or page#)
  14. 14. Citing • Do not quote from scientific papers; instead, paraphrase and summarize • Citing work in text: – Kaiser and Jobs (2004) found…. – ..showed no differences (Kaiser & Jobs, 2004)
  15. 15. reference page 1” + margins (bottom too) page header page # Prosocial Behavior 11 References Banyon,I. P., Hector, L., & Slachter, R. V. (1993). On correlates of italics adolescent prosocial behavior. Personality and Social Psychology, 43, 212-219. Harrelson, G. L. (1992). Age differences in adolescent prosocial behavior. Adolescent Bulletin, 2, 112-129. Reference includes: Author (in order with initials), data, title of article, title of publication (italics), volume number (for journals -- italics), page numbers. First line of reference is flush with the left margin, all subsequent lines are indented 4 spaces -- everything is double-spaced.
  16. 16. Table 1”+ margins (bottom too) all double-spaced page header page# Prosocial Behavior 12 Table 1 italics Summary of Age, Gender and Ethnic Background __________________________________________ Variable Univariate Summary __________________________________________ Age M = 20.23 S = 2.15 Gender male 120 (40%) female 180 (60%) Ethnic African-American 90 (20%) Asian-American 90 (20%) European-American 180 (40%) Hispanic-American 90 (20%) __________________________________________ Statistical symbols in italics - M, S
  17. 17. Table 1”+ margins (bottom too) all double-spaced page header page# Prosocial Behavior 13 Table 2 italics Relationship of Gender and Preferred Situation __________________________________________ Situation Gender Known Persons Strangers ___________________________________________ Female 160 20 Male 55 65 ___________________________________________
  18. 18. Figure 1”+ margins (bottom too) all double-spaced Caption page header page# Prosocial Behavior 14 centered Figure Caption Figure 1. Mean number of prosocial behaviors for each type of situation. Figure 2. Mean number of prosocial behaviors as a function of gender. italics
  19. 19. 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 Familiar Unfamiliar MeanNumberofProsocialActs
  20. 20. Backside of figure TOP Figure # Running Head
  21. 21. Abstract 1”+ margins (bottom too) all double-spaced page header Do not page # indent Prosocial Behavior 2 Abstract Relationships between characteristics of the individual, the situation, and prosocial behavior were investigated. The Personal and Social Prosocial Behavior Question- naire was completed by 300 undergraduates. Results replicated the common finding that personal attributes are related to the likelihood of performing certain prosocial behaviors, p<.05. In addition, it was found ...
  22. 22. APA Abbreviations • Hour = hr • Minute = min • Second = s • Millisecond = ms • Inch = in. • Mile = mi • Meter = m • Centimeter = cm • e.g. = for example • i.e. = that is • et al. = and others • cf. = compare
  23. 23. Numbers v Numerals • Use numerals in the following cases 1. all numbers 10 or above (13 responses, 108 examples) All numbers below 10 grouped for comparison with numbers 10 and above 4 out of 10 dentists BUT four out of five dentists 2. Numbers immediately preceding a unit of measurement 3. Statistical or mathematical functions, decimals, percentages, ratios multiplied by 6, a ratio of 16:1, 4. Time, dates, ages, sample size, specific number of subjects, scores and points on a scale, exact sums of money 2 weeks ago, 1 hr 34 min, 12:30 a.m, 9-year olds, 4-point scales, 2 participants, etc. 5. Numbered series, parts of books or tables, or in list of four or more numbers Trial 3 , Table 4; 1, 3, 4 and 7 words, respectively 6. All numbers in the Abstract Write out all other cases (three responses, eight examples ) and override use of numeral rules (above) when: 1. The number starts sentence (Thirty subjects were…) 2. Common fractions (one-half, two-thirds) 3. Universally accepted usage (Ten Commandments) 4. Extremely large values, mix numeral and words (2 million)
  24. 24. Example published paper • Different to manuscript on some format issues, but not content issues
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