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NPH Emotions

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NPH Emotions NPH Emotions Presentation Transcript

  • The Neurophysiology of Consciousness and Emotions Jerome Liss, M.D.
  • The Gestalt Model of Consciousness FIGURE GROUND Degrees of Central Consciousness and Peripheral Consciousness
  • Sequence of Consciousness CEREBRAL CORTEX CENTRAL & PERIPHERAL CONSCIOUSNESS & WORKING MEMORY SUBCORTEX Amygdala, Hippocampus, Basal Ganglia, Thalamus Hypothalamus, Central Grey Nuclei in the Brainstem (pons & midolla) Visceral nuclei (solitary nucleus, dorsal-motor nucleus of the vagus)
  • Unconscious-Conscious Interaction Physiological Unconscious Conscious Sequence
  • Consciousness is like the foam that rides on top of the sub-cortical wave Sub-cortical dinamic & somatic body foam
  • Sub-Cortical Dynamic (The neurophysiological unconscious) A B.G. HIPP N. ACC HYP TH C.G. Visceral Organs Nuclei of the Base Visceral Nuclei ACTION EMOTION
  • Nuclei of the Base  Neuromoulators Edelman: “Value System” or “Activating System” FUNCTION NEURO-MODULATOR NUCLEUS Memory learning Acetylcholine Pendulo-pontine n. Activation, Alertness Noradrenalin  NMDA Locus coeruleus Mood. Self-other contact Serotonin Raphe n. Action, reward Dopamine Tegmentum
  • Isolation, Loneliness
    • Neuronal Reduced Circuits
    • Obsessions
    • Experiential Helplessness
    • Negative Mood
    • Edelman’s terminology: reduction of “reentry” and “distributed processes”
    Cortex Sub-Cortex A
  • Psychotherapy 
    • A positive self-other dynamic
  • Neuronal Correlators of the Self-Other Dynamic
    • Frontal Lobe
    • Lateral Environ.
    • Medial-ventral Emotion,
    • Orbito-Frontal Visc. Experience
  • Neuronal Correlations of the Self-Other Dynamic Kevin Ochsner C
    • Anterior Cingulate Cortex
    • Monitoring
    • Evaluating Inner States
    • Evaluating Performance
    • Novelty
    • Expectancy violations
    • Conflict
    • Autonomic n.s. + visceral response
    ACC Orbito Frontal Cortex Basal Ganglia Amygdala Hypothalamus Central Gray Matter
  • Neuronal Correlations of the Self-Other Dynamic
    • Hippocampus Thalamus
    • Amygdala N. Accumbens
    • Basal Ganglia
    • Hypothalamus
    • Central Gray Matter
    • A.R.S. (Asconding Retycular System)
    • Basal Nuclei
    • Vitality system
    • Visceral Nuclei
  • Amygdala Inputs Le Doux Frontal Lobe Orbito Frontal Cortex Mid-Temporal Cortex Sensory Cortex Central Nucleus Basal Nucleus Hippocampus Lateral Amygdal Thalamus (Visual, Auditory somatic) Cingulate Cortex Cortex Activating System Visceral System Emotional Stimulus A.R.S. There are 12 amygdala areas
  • Amygdala Outputs Cortex Conscious Emotion, Thought Action Basal Ganglia Hypothalamus Central Gray Nuclei of the Base Visceral Nuclei Autonomic Hormonal Immunoc. Visceral Response
  • BIBLIOGRAPHY
    • Available on website: www.biosistemica.org
    • Essential Bibliography
    • Edelman, Gerard M., The Remembered Present , New York, BasicBooks, 1989.
    • Edelman, Gerard M., Wider Than The Sky , New York, Yale University Press, 2004.
    • Kevin N. Ochsner and Lisa F. Barrett, “A Multiprocess Perpective on the Neuroscience of Emotion” Cap. II pp 38-81, in Emotions , (Ed. By Mayne, Tracy J. and Bonanno, George A. , 2001 New York
    • LeDoux, Joseph, The Emotional Brain , New York, Phoenix, 2003.
    • Rolls, Edmund T., The Brain and The Emotion , Oxford University Press, 1999.
          • Other Bibliography
          • Bush, George e al, “Cognitive and Emotional Influence in anterior cingolate Contex”, Elselvier Science Ltd, 2000, pp. 215-217.
          • Freeman, Walter J., How Brains Make Up Their Minds , Columbia University Press, 2000.
          • Gallese Vittorio, Fadiga Luciano, Fogassi Leonardo and Rizzolatti Giacomo, “ Action Recognition in the Premotor Cortex”, Brain, 1996, 119 pag. 593-609
          • Gellhorn, Ernst, Principles of Autonomic-Somatic Integration: Physiological Basis and Psychological and Clinical Implication , Minneapolis, University of Minnesota Free Press, 1967.
          • Heilman Kenneth M. and Edward Valenstein , “Neglet and Related Disorders” Cap. XIII pp. 296-345 and “Emotional Disorders Associated with Neurological Diseases”, Cap. XVI pp. 447-470, in Clinical Neuropsycology, Ed. Heilman Kennerh M. and Edward Valenstein, Oxford University Press, 2003
          • Laborit, Henri, Inibition of Action , Paris, Masson Pub. 1969
    • Lane, Richard D. & Nadel, Lynn, Cognitive Neuroscience of Emotion , Oxford University Press, 2002.
    • Liss, Jerome, "The Philosophy of Science and the Clinical Researcher: A Proposal for a New Scientific Psychology” in Boadella, David and Liss, Jerome, La Psicoterapia del Corpo , Rome, Ed. Astrolabio, 1986
    • Mayne, Tracy J. & Bonanno, George A., Emotions. Current Issues and Future Directions , The Guilford Press, 2001.
    • Porges Stephen W., “The Polyvagal Theory: Phylogenetic Substrates of a Social Nervous System”, Elsevier, International Journal of Psychophysiology , 42, 2001, pag 123-146.
    • Quarti, C. and Renaud, J., Neurophysiologie de la Douleur, Paris, Hermann, 1972.
    • Schore, Allan N., Affect Regulation and the Origin of the Self (The Neurobiology of Emotional Development), Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers, 1994.
    • Van der Kolk, Bessel A., Traumatic Stress, The Guilford Press, 1996.
    • Vogt, Brent A., “Four Ragions of Cingulate Cortex and Disease Vulnerability” in The Human Brain: The Structural Basis For Understanding Human Brain Funcion and Disfunction”, International Conference Rome, 5th Oct. 2002.