Flash Player 9 (or above) is needed to view presentations.
We have detected that you do not have it on your computer. To install it, go here.

Like this presentation? Why not share!

NPH Emotions






Total Views
Views on SlideShare
Embed Views



0 Embeds 0

No embeds



Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
Post Comment
Edit your comment

NPH Emotions NPH Emotions Presentation Transcript

  • The Neurophysiology of Consciousness and Emotions Jerome Liss, M.D.
  • The Gestalt Model of Consciousness FIGURE GROUND Degrees of Central Consciousness and Peripheral Consciousness
  • Sequence of Consciousness CEREBRAL CORTEX CENTRAL & PERIPHERAL CONSCIOUSNESS & WORKING MEMORY SUBCORTEX Amygdala, Hippocampus, Basal Ganglia, Thalamus Hypothalamus, Central Grey Nuclei in the Brainstem (pons & midolla) Visceral nuclei (solitary nucleus, dorsal-motor nucleus of the vagus)
  • Unconscious-Conscious Interaction Physiological Unconscious Conscious Sequence
  • Consciousness is like the foam that rides on top of the sub-cortical wave Sub-cortical dinamic & somatic body foam
  • Sub-Cortical Dynamic (The neurophysiological unconscious) A B.G. HIPP N. ACC HYP TH C.G. Visceral Organs Nuclei of the Base Visceral Nuclei ACTION EMOTION
  • Nuclei of the Base  Neuromoulators Edelman: “Value System” or “Activating System” FUNCTION NEURO-MODULATOR NUCLEUS Memory learning Acetylcholine Pendulo-pontine n. Activation, Alertness Noradrenalin  NMDA Locus coeruleus Mood. Self-other contact Serotonin Raphe n. Action, reward Dopamine Tegmentum
  • Isolation, Loneliness
    • Neuronal Reduced Circuits
    • Obsessions
    • Experiential Helplessness
    • Negative Mood
    • Edelman’s terminology: reduction of “reentry” and “distributed processes”
    Cortex Sub-Cortex A
  • Psychotherapy 
    • A positive self-other dynamic
  • Neuronal Correlators of the Self-Other Dynamic
    • Frontal Lobe
    • Lateral Environ.
    • Medial-ventral Emotion,
    • Orbito-Frontal Visc. Experience
  • Neuronal Correlations of the Self-Other Dynamic Kevin Ochsner C
    • Anterior Cingulate Cortex
    • Monitoring
    • Evaluating Inner States
    • Evaluating Performance
    • Novelty
    • Expectancy violations
    • Conflict
    • Autonomic n.s. + visceral response
    ACC Orbito Frontal Cortex Basal Ganglia Amygdala Hypothalamus Central Gray Matter
  • Neuronal Correlations of the Self-Other Dynamic
    • Hippocampus Thalamus
    • Amygdala N. Accumbens
    • Basal Ganglia
    • Hypothalamus
    • Central Gray Matter
    • A.R.S. (Asconding Retycular System)
    • Basal Nuclei
    • Vitality system
    • Visceral Nuclei
  • Amygdala Inputs Le Doux Frontal Lobe Orbito Frontal Cortex Mid-Temporal Cortex Sensory Cortex Central Nucleus Basal Nucleus Hippocampus Lateral Amygdal Thalamus (Visual, Auditory somatic) Cingulate Cortex Cortex Activating System Visceral System Emotional Stimulus A.R.S. There are 12 amygdala areas
  • Amygdala Outputs Cortex Conscious Emotion, Thought Action Basal Ganglia Hypothalamus Central Gray Nuclei of the Base Visceral Nuclei Autonomic Hormonal Immunoc. Visceral Response
    • Available on website: www.biosistemica.org
    • Essential Bibliography
    • Edelman, Gerard M., The Remembered Present , New York, BasicBooks, 1989.
    • Edelman, Gerard M., Wider Than The Sky , New York, Yale University Press, 2004.
    • Kevin N. Ochsner and Lisa F. Barrett, “A Multiprocess Perpective on the Neuroscience of Emotion” Cap. II pp 38-81, in Emotions , (Ed. By Mayne, Tracy J. and Bonanno, George A. , 2001 New York
    • LeDoux, Joseph, The Emotional Brain , New York, Phoenix, 2003.
    • Rolls, Edmund T., The Brain and The Emotion , Oxford University Press, 1999.
          • Other Bibliography
          • Bush, George e al, “Cognitive and Emotional Influence in anterior cingolate Contex”, Elselvier Science Ltd, 2000, pp. 215-217.
          • Freeman, Walter J., How Brains Make Up Their Minds , Columbia University Press, 2000.
          • Gallese Vittorio, Fadiga Luciano, Fogassi Leonardo and Rizzolatti Giacomo, “ Action Recognition in the Premotor Cortex”, Brain, 1996, 119 pag. 593-609
          • Gellhorn, Ernst, Principles of Autonomic-Somatic Integration: Physiological Basis and Psychological and Clinical Implication , Minneapolis, University of Minnesota Free Press, 1967.
          • Heilman Kenneth M. and Edward Valenstein , “Neglet and Related Disorders” Cap. XIII pp. 296-345 and “Emotional Disorders Associated with Neurological Diseases”, Cap. XVI pp. 447-470, in Clinical Neuropsycology, Ed. Heilman Kennerh M. and Edward Valenstein, Oxford University Press, 2003
          • Laborit, Henri, Inibition of Action , Paris, Masson Pub. 1969
    • Lane, Richard D. & Nadel, Lynn, Cognitive Neuroscience of Emotion , Oxford University Press, 2002.
    • Liss, Jerome, "The Philosophy of Science and the Clinical Researcher: A Proposal for a New Scientific Psychology” in Boadella, David and Liss, Jerome, La Psicoterapia del Corpo , Rome, Ed. Astrolabio, 1986
    • Mayne, Tracy J. & Bonanno, George A., Emotions. Current Issues and Future Directions , The Guilford Press, 2001.
    • Porges Stephen W., “The Polyvagal Theory: Phylogenetic Substrates of a Social Nervous System”, Elsevier, International Journal of Psychophysiology , 42, 2001, pag 123-146.
    • Quarti, C. and Renaud, J., Neurophysiologie de la Douleur, Paris, Hermann, 1972.
    • Schore, Allan N., Affect Regulation and the Origin of the Self (The Neurobiology of Emotional Development), Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers, 1994.
    • Van der Kolk, Bessel A., Traumatic Stress, The Guilford Press, 1996.
    • Vogt, Brent A., “Four Ragions of Cingulate Cortex and Disease Vulnerability” in The Human Brain: The Structural Basis For Understanding Human Brain Funcion and Disfunction”, International Conference Rome, 5th Oct. 2002.