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Dr. Robert Robergs Fall, 2010
PEP426-Intro & History 1
What is Exercise Physiology?
Robert A. Robergs, Ph.D., FASEP, EPC
P...
Dr. Robert Robergs Fall, 2010
PEP426-Intro & History 1
Beginnings ………………………… ? - 1960
Development of Exercise Physiology
E...
Dr. Robert Robergs Fall, 2010
PEP426-Intro & History 1
Archibald V. Hill: “maximal oxygen consumption”
Beginnings ………… ? -...
Dr. Robert Robergs Fall, 2010
PEP426-Intro & History 1
Harvard Fatigue Laboratory 1927-1947
David Bruce Dill (Director)
In...
Dr. Robert Robergs Fall, 2010
PEP426-Intro & History 1
Physical Education Heritage
Dr. Robert Robergs Fall, 2010
PEP426-Intro & History 1
Era of Sports and Athletics. 1960 - 1980
• Diet, exercise and muscl...
Dr. Robert Robergs Fall, 2010
PEP426-Intro & History 1
Physicians hooked on exercise: Kenneth Cooper &
George Sheehan
The ...
Dr. Robert Robergs Fall, 2010
PEP426-Intro & History 1
Present Status of Exercise Research
and Knowledge …….. 1990 - prese...
Dr. Robert Robergs Fall, 2010
PEP426-Intro & History 1
NASA &
Exercise Physiology
Metabolic Biochemistry
Cardiovascular
Pu...
Dr. Robert Robergs Fall, 2010
PEP426-Intro & History 1
Dr. Robert Robergs Fall, 2010
PEP426-Intro & History 1
Dr. Robert Robergs Fall, 2010
PEP426-Intro & History 1
What is Clinical Exercise Physiology?
A sub-component of
exercise p...
Dr. Robert Robergs Fall, 2010
PEP426-Intro & History 1
U.S. Health Status
• 5 leading causes of death -
• population >65 y...
Dr. Robert Robergs Fall, 2010
PEP426-Intro & History 1
New Frontiers in Exercise Physiology
In the future an exercise phys...
Dr. Robert Robergs Fall, 2010
PEP426-Intro & History 1
ASEP EPC Exam
Journal
Acta Physiologica Scandinavia
American Journa...
Dr. Robert Robergs Fall, 2010
PEP426-Intro & History 1
Journal
Journal of Exercise Physiologyonline (ASEP)
Journal of Phys...
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Microsoft PowerPoint - 426L1History.ppt [Compatibility Mode]

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Transcript of "Microsoft PowerPoint - 426L1History.ppt [Compatibility Mode]"

  1. 1. Dr. Robert Robergs Fall, 2010 PEP426-Intro & History 1 What is Exercise Physiology? Robert A. Robergs, Ph.D., FASEP, EPC Professor: Exercise Physiology & Biochemistry Exercise Science Program Department of Health, Exercise & Sports Sciences College of Education University of New Mexico What is Exercise Physiology? A profession of appropriately trained individuals who have studied a suitable curriculum within the exercise sciences, with an emphasis in exercise physiology. The study of how exercise and physical activity alters the structure and function (physiology) of the human body. 1. An Academic Program of Study, and a Course in Exercise Science 2. A Profession
  2. 2. Dr. Robert Robergs Fall, 2010 PEP426-Intro & History 1 Beginnings ………………………… ? - 1960 Development of Exercise Physiology Era of Sports and Athletics………. 1960 - 1980 Present Status of Exercise Physiology Research and Knowledge ……… 1990 - present Era of Medical Awakening ……… 1970 - present Beginnings ………… ? - 1960, cont’d. In early history, fitness was synonymous with survival Ancient Greece Ancient Egypt
  3. 3. Dr. Robert Robergs Fall, 2010 PEP426-Intro & History 1 Archibald V. Hill: “maximal oxygen consumption” Beginnings ………… ? - 1960, cont’d. Archibald Vivian Hill “In running the oxygen requirement increases continuously as the speed increases, ….; the actual oxygen intake, however, reaches a maximum beyond which no effort can drive it. The oxygen intake may attain its maximum and remain constant merely because it cannot go any higher owing to the limitations of the circulatory and respiratory system.” (Hill A.V. and H. Lupton. QQ J Med 1923; 16:135-171.)
  4. 4. Dr. Robert Robergs Fall, 2010 PEP426-Intro & History 1 Harvard Fatigue Laboratory 1927-1947 David Bruce Dill (Director) Initial research focused on how different occupations affected the body, environmental physiology (altitude,dry, moist heat), metabolism during exercise and aging, blood gas transport, acid-base balance, and nutrition Beginnings ………… ? - 1960, cont’d. May 6, 1954 (Iffley Road, Oxford, England) Roger Bannister crossing the finish line for the mile in 3:59.4
  5. 5. Dr. Robert Robergs Fall, 2010 PEP426-Intro & History 1 Physical Education Heritage
  6. 6. Dr. Robert Robergs Fall, 2010 PEP426-Intro & History 1 Era of Sports and Athletics. 1960 - 1980 • Diet, exercise and muscle glycogen • Metabolic demands of differing exercise intensities • Determinants of exercise performance • Effects of training on function and performance • Exercise in various environmental conditions • What strategies delay fatigue? Research progressed to applied questions that concerned exercise. Era of Medical Awakening, 1970 - present
  7. 7. Dr. Robert Robergs Fall, 2010 PEP426-Intro & History 1 Physicians hooked on exercise: Kenneth Cooper & George Sheehan The benefits of exercise training on the following was recognized: • Health Promotion & Quality of Life • Blood lipids • Heart Function in Diseased Populations • Disease Prevention & Rehabilitation Covert Bailey: “If exercise could be packaged into a pill, it would be the most prescribed medication in all of history”. CHD, PVD, COPD, Hypertension, Diabetes, Obesity, Cancers, Depression/Mood States, .. 1980’s Medical-Pharmaceutical Complex Still Struggling With Exercise & Disease Prevention http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xsuK7BeOyvQ
  8. 8. Dr. Robert Robergs Fall, 2010 PEP426-Intro & History 1 Present Status of Exercise Research and Knowledge …….. 1990 - present • Role of exercise in supporting body functions in microgravity • Exercise in special populations: disabled, elderly, children, pregnant women, etc. • Development of new equipment, technologies and techniques: stable isotopes (substrate use and cellular metabolism); magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy (muscle metabolism and blood flow)
  9. 9. Dr. Robert Robergs Fall, 2010 PEP426-Intro & History 1 NASA & Exercise Physiology Metabolic Biochemistry Cardiovascular Pulmonary Skeletal Nutrition CONTENT APPLICATION Neuromuscular Body Composition Calorimetry Health and Disease Pharmacology Exercise Testing and Prescription Exercise Modes Exercise Intensities Environments Special Populations Age Sex Disease Elite Sports Athletics Fitness Components Exercise Physiology is the Ultimate Physiological Science
  10. 10. Dr. Robert Robergs Fall, 2010 PEP426-Intro & History 1
  11. 11. Dr. Robert Robergs Fall, 2010 PEP426-Intro & History 1
  12. 12. Dr. Robert Robergs Fall, 2010 PEP426-Intro & History 1 What is Clinical Exercise Physiology? A sub-component of exercise physiology that involves the application of exercise physiology principles, knowledge and skills for purposes of the rehabilitation or diagnosis of disease or disability in humans.
  13. 13. Dr. Robert Robergs Fall, 2010 PEP426-Intro & History 1 U.S. Health Status • 5 leading causes of death - • population >65 years - • overweight adults - • obese adults - • highest obesity by race - • adult men and women who are inactive - • New Mexico’s ranking for raising children - • population <65 years with no health insurance - • HS students not enrolled in PE - Heart, Cancers, stroke, COPD, unintentional 12% 65% 28% 50% Non-Hispanic black women 22% Men; 28% Women 48th 16% 53% Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 2007 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% 20%–24% 25%–29% ≥30%
  14. 14. Dr. Robert Robergs Fall, 2010 PEP426-Intro & History 1 New Frontiers in Exercise Physiology In the future an exercise physiologist will be required to master the following: • broad pure science academic base (molecular biology, biochemistry, neurophysiology, cardiology, pulmonary physiology, endocrinology) • broad applied academic base (body composition, exercise prescription, athletic/sport training) • sophisticated equipment & technologies • superior research skills Professional Issues
  15. 15. Dr. Robert Robergs Fall, 2010 PEP426-Intro & History 1 ASEP EPC Exam Journal Acta Physiologica Scandinavia American Journal of Physiology (APS) Canadian Journal of Applied Sports Sciences European Journal of Applied Physiology International Journal of Sports Medicine International Journal of Sports Nutrition Journal of Applied Physiology Exercise Physiology Research Journals
  16. 16. Dr. Robert Robergs Fall, 2010 PEP426-Intro & History 1 Journal Journal of Exercise Physiologyonline (ASEP) Journal of Physiology Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise (ACSM) Professionalization of Exercise Physiologyonline (ASEP) Research Quarterly For Exercise and Sport Sports Medicine

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