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Clinical NeuropsychologyClinical Neuropsychology
Training Issues:Training Issues:
A Student’s PerspectiveA Student’s Persp...
Overview of Training inOverview of Training in
NeuropsychologyNeuropsychology
 Clinical Neuropsychology is a formally rec...
Be knowledgeableBe knowledgeable
Houston Conference GuidelinesHouston Conference Guidelines
Provides an integrated model o...
DEFINITION OF A CLINICALDEFINITION OF A CLINICAL
NEUROPSYCHOLOGIST (1989)NEUROPSYCHOLOGIST (1989)
 A professional psychol...
UNDERGRADUATE FOCUS:
•Psychology coursework and/or major (esp. abnormal,
developmental, statistics).
•Biology or behaviora...
SELECTING A GRADUATESELECTING A GRADUATE
PROGRAMPROGRAM
Graduate Schools: University or Professional?Graduate Schools: Uni...
Neuropsychology Track?Neuropsychology Track?
Specialization in NP can begin at the doctoral level.Specialization in NP ca...
Predoctoral NP SpecialtyPredoctoral NP Specialty
PreparationPreparation
 Core Coursework in NPCore Coursework in NP

In ...
Predoctoral Clinical ExperiencePredoctoral Clinical Experience
Practica PlacementPractica Placement
 Hospital (acute inpt...
ResearchResearch
 Many internship sites place a strong emphasis onMany internship sites place a strong emphasis on
resear...
NETWORKINGNETWORKING
 Be active! Be visible!Be active! Be visible!
 Former students.Former students.
 Local psychologis...
Find a MentorFind a Mentor
 Be resourceful.Be resourceful.
 Identify a professor who conducts researchIdentify a profess...
SEEK SPECIAL OPPORTUNITIESSEEK SPECIAL OPPORTUNITIES
 Don’t wait for opportunities to come toDon’t wait for opportunities...
The Successful Intern ApplicantThe Successful Intern Applicant
Internship sites differ in terms of focus andInternship sit...
Selection Criteria for ClinicalSelection Criteria for Clinical
Neuropsychology InternshipsNeuropsychology Internships
 Su...
Supervisor’s Rank OrderedSupervisor’s Rank Ordered
Critical ItemsCritical Items
Rank Order
Clinical Experience - Assessmen...
Preferred NP Practica or ClinicalPreferred NP Practica or Clinical
Training ExperienceTraining Experience
Considered Essen...
Desired Setting ExperienceDesired Setting Experience
Rank Order
Univ Medical Center 1
VA Medical Center 2
Community Hospit...
Prior Assessment ExperiencePrior Assessment Experience
Considered Essential or Very
Important
NP Assessment
Flexible/Funct...
Educational BackgroundEducational Background
Considered Essential or Very
Important
Div 40 Curriculum 82.5%
NP Faculty/Sup...
Prior Research ActivityPrior Research Activity
Considered Essential or Very
Important
Publications in Referenced Journals ...
Other Considerations forOther Considerations for
Selecting an InternshipSelecting an Internship
 SeekSeek balancedbalance...
Availability vs.Availability vs. OpportunityOpportunity
 To good to be true?To good to be true?

Make sure the “availabl...
KEEP AN OPEN MINDKEEP AN OPEN MIND
 Remember you won't always know what you like until
you try it.
 Graduate training is...
Think AheadThink Ahead
 Educate yourself! Know the expectedEducate yourself! Know the expected
requirements for the next ...
A Model ExampleA Model Example
 JAHVA Medical Center, Tampa, FLJAHVA Medical Center, Tampa, FL

Educates students on the...
Participation is required for Postdocs andParticipation is required for Postdocs and
strongly encouraged for Interns:stron...
Resources for prospectiveResources for prospective
students, interns, postdocsstudents, interns, postdocs
 A list of grad...
Graduate, internship andGraduate, internship and
postdoctoral training programspostdoctoral training programs
 Name of in...
ResourcesResources
Check out websitesCheck out websites
APA-40 (Division of Clinical Neuropsychology (40) of the American ...
Independent Training CentersIndependent Training Centers
 Center for Applied NeuropsychologyCenter for Applied Neuropsych...
Overview of Postdoctoral Training in
Clinical Neuropsychology
Corwin Boake, PhD
University of Texas-Houston Medical School...
Main topics
Houston Conference guidelines
What to look for in a residency
Nuts & bolts of application &
interview
National...
Goal is to complete the education and training necessary for
independent practice of clinical neuropsychology (CN)
Residen...
EXIT criteria:
1. Faculty includes a board-certified clinical neuropsychologist
and other psychologists.
2.Training at a f...
Preparing for application to
postdoctoral programs
Doctorate in clinical/counseling/school
APA/CPA accreditation of doctor...
Preparing for application to
postdoctoral programs
Involvement in specialty organizations (e.g.,
APA Div 40, INS, NAN)
Nee...
How to judge program quality
Meets Houston conference guidelines
Offers a variety of clinical experience
Quality supervisi...
How to judge program quality
Evidence of staff expertise
Adequate resources
APA accreditation: potential advantage but
not...
Applying to postdoctoral
programs
Programs have different application
procedures (but simpler than
internship)
List specif...
APPCN membership criteria
Duration of 2 years of postdoctoral
training, or equivalent on at least a half-
time basis
Activ...
National match: timeline
Applicant Program
Register with NMS
Interviews
Submit ranks
Match
Clearing-
house
mid-January
200...
National match: Basic procedures
Computerized matching process, run by NMS on
behalf of APPCN
All programs meeting Houston...
National match: rules for participation
Program can disclose only if the applicant
is competitive and will be ranked
Prema...
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
Applicants Positions
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
National match:
N of applicants and positions
National match: success rates
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
Applicants Positions
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
National match: Relationship of
outcome to N of ranks submitted
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
Applicants Positions
Matched
Unmatched
mean ...
National match survey
Survey of applicants in 2007 match
Purpose:
 Describe match registrants
 Assess satisfaction with ...
National match survey: Factors that
influence match outcome
0
20
40
60
80
100
0 to 1 2 to 4 5 or more
Number of Publicatio...
National match survey: Factors that
influence match outcome
0
20
40
60
80
100
0 to 3 4 to 9 10 or more
Number of Presentat...
National match survey: Factors that
influence match outcome
0
20
40
60
80
100
0 to 3 4 to 7 8 or more
Number of Interviews...
National match survey: Summary
Factors associated with match success:
 Publications
 Number of interviews obtained: for ...
National match:
Advantages to the applicant
Access to most quality programs that meet
training standards for ABCN
Procedur...
National match: important links
APPCN: www.appcn.org
NMS: www.natmatch.com/appcnmat/
Conclusions
1. Postdoctoral residency is required for
new doctorates to practice in this
specialty
2. Competition for resi...
Questions?
American Board ofAmerican Board of
Clinical NeuropsychologyClinical Neuropsychology
(ABCN)(ABCN)
Celiane Rey-Casserly, PhD...
Why Board Certification?Why Board Certification?
 Protection of the patient is paramount!Protection of the patient is par...
Psychology Boards Analogous toPsychology Boards Analogous to
Medical BoardsMedical Boards
 State licensure is not appropr...
Purpose of the ExaminationPurpose of the Examination
The examination for the diploma is designed to assessThe examination ...
ABCN Officers and AppointeesABCN Officers and Appointees
2007-20092007-2009
 PresidentPresident Michael WesterveldMichael...
ABCN BOD 2007ABCN BOD 2007
Debra Koltai Attix (2007-2012) Richard Naugle (2000-2009)Debra Koltai Attix (2007-2012) Richard...
Current Status of Board CertificationCurrent Status of Board Certification
 As of June, 2007, there are 599 boardAs of Ju...
ABCN Written ExaminationsABCN Written Examinations
in Recent Yearsin Recent Years
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
1993
1994
1...
Application and ExaminationApplication and Examination
2 phases2 phases
Assessment ofAssessment of
education, training,edu...
CostsCosts
 $125 Application Fee$125 Application Fee
 $300 Written Examination Fee$300 Written Examination Fee
 $250 Wo...
How Long Does it Take?How Long Does it Take?
Eligibility CriteriaEligibility Criteria
 Earned doctoral degree in psychology from a regionallyEarned doctoral degree in...
Three years of experience in Clinical Neuropsychology,Three years of experience in Clinical Neuropsychology,
satisfied by:...
Written ExaminationWritten Examination
 Prepared in conjunction with the ProfessionalPrepared in conjunction with the Pro...
Four Rubrics for QuestionsFour Rubrics for Questions
from Houston Conferencefrom Houston Conference
 Generic Psychology C...
Work Sample SubmissionWork Sample Submission
 A work sample consists of two casesA work sample consists of two cases
 Th...
Oral ExaminationsOral Examinations
When work samples have been accepted (notWhen work samples have been accepted (not pass...
Board Preparation ResourcesBoard Preparation Resources
The HistoryThe History
““BRAIN” is an ABPP/CN study group that wasB...
““BRAIN”BRAIN”
BRAIN (which stands for “Be Ready for ABPP inBRAIN (which stands for “Be Ready for ABPP in
Neuropsychology)...
““BRAIN”BRAIN”
 New members are accepted upon referralNew members are accepted upon referral
from a member of AACN or an ...
BRAIN (continued)BRAIN (continued)
If an AACN or BRAIN member would like to add someone toIf an AACN or BRAIN member would...
AACN ResourcesAACN Resources
 Available at www.theaacn.orgAvailable at www.theaacn.org
 AACN Study Guide for board certi...
Questions?Questions?
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  1. 1. Clinical NeuropsychologyClinical Neuropsychology Training Issues:Training Issues: A Student’s PerspectiveA Student’s Perspective ByBy Zoe Proctor-Weber, PhDZoe Proctor-Weber, PhD James A. Haley VA Medical CenterJames A. Haley VA Medical Center Tampa, FLTampa, FL
  2. 2. Overview of Training inOverview of Training in NeuropsychologyNeuropsychology  Clinical Neuropsychology is a formally recognizedClinical Neuropsychology is a formally recognized specialty area under the umbrella of clinicalspecialty area under the umbrella of clinical psychology.psychology.  In addition to training in general clinicalIn addition to training in general clinical psychology, it involves specialized training inpsychology, it involves specialized training in theoretical, empirical, and practical aspects of thetheoretical, empirical, and practical aspects of the brain-behavior relationship.brain-behavior relationship.  Education, training, and supervision in Clinical Neuropsychology is available primarily at the postdoctoral level, although preparation begins at the doctoral level.
  3. 3. Be knowledgeableBe knowledgeable Houston Conference GuidelinesHouston Conference Guidelines Provides an integrated model of professionalProvides an integrated model of professional education and training in Clinicaleducation and training in Clinical Neuropsychology:Neuropsychology:  General Knowledge Base and SkillsGeneral Knowledge Base and Skills  Doctoral, Internship and Postdoctoral TrainingDoctoral, Internship and Postdoctoral Training GuidelinesGuidelines  Continuing EducationContinuing Education  Professional and Scientific ActivityProfessional and Scientific Activity  SubspecialtiesSubspecialties Hannay, H. J., Crosson, B.A., Hammeke, T. A., Hamsher, K. deS., & Koffler, S. P.Hannay, H. J., Crosson, B.A., Hammeke, T. A., Hamsher, K. deS., & Koffler, S. P. 1998. Proceedings: The Houston Conference on Specialty Education and Training in1998. Proceedings: The Houston Conference on Specialty Education and Training in Clinical Neuropsychology.Clinical Neuropsychology. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology,Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 1313(2).(2).
  4. 4. DEFINITION OF A CLINICALDEFINITION OF A CLINICAL NEUROPSYCHOLOGIST (1989)NEUROPSYCHOLOGIST (1989)  A professional psychologist who applies principles of assessment andA professional psychologist who applies principles of assessment and intervention based upon the scientific study of human behavior as it relates tointervention based upon the scientific study of human behavior as it relates to normal and abnormal functioning of the central nervous system. The Clinicalnormal and abnormal functioning of the central nervous system. The Clinical Neuropsychologist is a doctoral-level psychology provider of diagnostic andNeuropsychologist is a doctoral-level psychology provider of diagnostic and intervention services who has demonstrated competence in the application ofintervention services who has demonstrated competence in the application of such principles for human welfare following:such principles for human welfare following:  A. Successful completion of systematic didactic and experiential training inA. Successful completion of systematic didactic and experiential training in neuropsychology and neuroscience at a regionally accredited university.neuropsychology and neuroscience at a regionally accredited university.  B. Two or more years of appropriate supervised training applyingB. Two or more years of appropriate supervised training applying neuropsychological services in a clinical setting.neuropsychological services in a clinical setting.  C. Licensing and certification to provide psychological services to the public by theC. Licensing and certification to provide psychological services to the public by the laws of the state or province in which he or she practices.laws of the state or province in which he or she practices.  D. Review by one's peers as a test of these competencies.D. Review by one's peers as a test of these competencies. *Attainment of the ABCN/ABPP Diplomate in Clinical Neuropsychology is the*Attainment of the ABCN/ABPP Diplomate in Clinical Neuropsychology is the clearest evidence of competence as a Clinical Neuropsychologist, assuring that allclearest evidence of competence as a Clinical Neuropsychologist, assuring that all ofof these criteria have been met.these criteria have been met.
  5. 5. UNDERGRADUATE FOCUS: •Psychology coursework and/or major (esp. abnormal, developmental, statistics). •Biology or behavioral medicine coursework (provides a strong foundation for graduate neuropsychology coursework) •Research Assistanceship and/or involvement PRELIMINARY STEP UNDERGRADUATE TRAINING
  6. 6. SELECTING A GRADUATESELECTING A GRADUATE PROGRAMPROGRAM Graduate Schools: University or Professional?Graduate Schools: University or Professional?  University programs are highly competitive (low selectionUniversity programs are highly competitive (low selection ratio). Your application will be helped by excellent grades, GREratio). Your application will be helped by excellent grades, GRE scores and some previous research experience—preferably, ascores and some previous research experience—preferably, a published paper, if only as a co-author.published paper, if only as a co-author.  Professional schools are easier to get into, but they are veryProfessional schools are easier to get into, but they are very expensive. You will have to take out enormous student loans,expensive. You will have to take out enormous student loans, or you might try to work while studying—perhaps evenor you might try to work while studying—perhaps even studying part-time. Also, many professional schools offerstudying part-time. Also, many professional schools offer primarily the Psy.D. degree, reserving the Ph.D. (if they offer itprimarily the Psy.D. degree, reserving the Ph.D. (if they offer it at all) for a few, select students.at all) for a few, select students.
  7. 7. Neuropsychology Track?Neuropsychology Track? Specialization in NP can begin at the doctoral level.Specialization in NP can begin at the doctoral level. Often, Clinical Neuropsychology is offered as a distinctOften, Clinical Neuropsychology is offered as a distinct track in clinical psychology programs, designed to followtrack in clinical psychology programs, designed to follow APA Div40/Houston Conference guidelines.APA Div40/Houston Conference guidelines. Recognized tracks make it easier to specialize (existing,Recognized tracks make it easier to specialize (existing, easily accessible NP faculty, research labs, clinics, on/offeasily accessible NP faculty, research labs, clinics, on/off campus practica sites, core coursework curriculum…).campus practica sites, core coursework curriculum…). No Track? That’s OK.No Track? That’s OK. Important to be proactiveImportant to be proactive Seek out didactics, research and clinical trainingSeek out didactics, research and clinical training opportunities in the community to be competitive.opportunities in the community to be competitive.
  8. 8. Predoctoral NP SpecialtyPredoctoral NP Specialty PreparationPreparation  Core Coursework in NPCore Coursework in NP  In addition to the basic Clinical Psychology curriculum,In addition to the basic Clinical Psychology curriculum, competitive students have completed doctoral levelcompetitive students have completed doctoral level coursework in:coursework in: • Neuropsychology AssessmentNeuropsychology Assessment • Clinical NeuropsychologyClinical Neuropsychology • Behavioral and Clinical neurosciencesBehavioral and Clinical neurosciences • Behavioral (Clinical) NeurologyBehavioral (Clinical) Neurology (coursework generally includes exposure to functional(coursework generally includes exposure to functional neuroanatomy, neuropathology, psychopharmacology,neuroanatomy, neuropathology, psychopharmacology, neuroimaging, relevant test construction/research,neuroimaging, relevant test construction/research, neuropsychology assessment, case conceptualization…)neuropsychology assessment, case conceptualization…)
  9. 9. Predoctoral Clinical ExperiencePredoctoral Clinical Experience Practica PlacementPractica Placement  Hospital (acute inpt, rehab, outpt services)Hospital (acute inpt, rehab, outpt services)  Mental Health Clinics (LD, ADHD, TBI, CVA, MDC)Mental Health Clinics (LD, ADHD, TBI, CVA, MDC)  Private PracticePrivate Practice Goal:Goal:  Exposure to a wide range of diagnoses, tests, clinicalExposure to a wide range of diagnoses, tests, clinical settings, age range, conceptualization style…settings, age range, conceptualization style…  Experience conducting interviews, administeringExperience conducting interviews, administering comprehensive test batteries, staffing cases, writingcomprehensive test batteries, staffing cases, writing reports and working within a multidisciplinaryreports and working within a multidisciplinary treatment team.treatment team.
  10. 10. ResearchResearch  Many internship sites place a strong emphasis onMany internship sites place a strong emphasis on research and scholarly interest and “product” (even ifresearch and scholarly interest and “product” (even if you intend to practice as a clinician).you intend to practice as a clinician).  National conference attendance and association membershipNational conference attendance and association membership  Journal club participationJournal club participation  Poster presentationsPoster presentations  Book chaptersBook chapters  Peer reviewed publicationsPeer reviewed publications  GrantsGrants  Tendency to prefer applicants who have successfullyTendency to prefer applicants who have successfully proposed or defended their dissertation prior to the startproposed or defended their dissertation prior to the start of internship.of internship.
  11. 11. NETWORKINGNETWORKING  Be active! Be visible!Be active! Be visible!  Former students.Former students.  Local psychologists in the community.Local psychologists in the community.  Psychology organizations such asPsychology organizations such as APAGS, your state psychologicalAPAGS, your state psychological association and APA are also importantassociation and APA are also important connection vehicles.connection vehicles.
  12. 12. Find a MentorFind a Mentor  Be resourceful.Be resourceful.  Identify a professor who conducts researchIdentify a professor who conducts research on a subject that interests you.on a subject that interests you.  Find a professor with whom you interact well,Find a professor with whom you interact well, regardless of his or her field of research.regardless of his or her field of research.  Seek a supportive relationship.Seek a supportive relationship.  Take courses offered by him/her.Take courses offered by him/her.  Arrange for office visits for additionalArrange for office visits for additional discussions.discussions.  Offer to do some volunteer work on research.Offer to do some volunteer work on research.  Be reliable, dependable and professional.Be reliable, dependable and professional.
  13. 13. SEEK SPECIAL OPPORTUNITIESSEEK SPECIAL OPPORTUNITIES  Don’t wait for opportunities to come toDon’t wait for opportunities to come to you!you!  Offer to TA graduate classes or teachOffer to TA graduate classes or teach undergrad classes.undergrad classes.  Volunteer to work on research projects.Volunteer to work on research projects.  Scout out hidden training gems within yourScout out hidden training gems within your own program.own program.  Bare minimum won’t cut it.Bare minimum won’t cut it.
  14. 14. The Successful Intern ApplicantThe Successful Intern Applicant Internship sites differ in terms of focus andInternship sites differ in terms of focus and expectations:expectations: Clinical Experience, Research, DidacticsClinical Experience, Research, Didactics Early in your graduate training learn what specificEarly in your graduate training learn what specific internship sites expect and value in training.internship sites expect and value in training. How?How? Call sites you are interested in and see whatCall sites you are interested in and see what their successful applicants had – get specificstheir successful applicants had – get specifics ““an ideal candidate would have…” in terms ofan ideal candidate would have…” in terms of research, clinical experience, extra-curricularresearch, clinical experience, extra-curricular activities etc…activities etc… KNOW WHAT YOU NEED!KNOW WHAT YOU NEED!
  15. 15. Selection Criteria for ClinicalSelection Criteria for Clinical Neuropsychology InternshipsNeuropsychology Internships  Supervisors of 50 Clinical NeuropsychSupervisors of 50 Clinical Neuropsych internships (Cripes 1995, 1998) wereinternships (Cripes 1995, 1998) were asked to rank order criteria used forasked to rank order criteria used for selecting intern applicants.selecting intern applicants.  SurveysSurveys  40 responses (80% response rate)40 responses (80% response rate)  Reflects “aspirational” criteriaReflects “aspirational” criteria Mittenberg, W., Peterson, R. S., Cooper J. T., Strauman, S. & Essig,Mittenberg, W., Peterson, R. S., Cooper J. T., Strauman, S. & Essig, S. M. (2000). Selection Criteria for Clinical NeuropsychologyS. M. (2000). Selection Criteria for Clinical Neuropsychology Internships.Internships. The Clinical Neuropsychologist,The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 1414(1), 1-6.(1), 1-6.
  16. 16. Supervisor’s Rank OrderedSupervisor’s Rank Ordered Critical ItemsCritical Items Rank Order Clinical Experience - Assessment 1 NP Specialization within Program 2 Interview (Interpersonal Characteristics) 3 Letters of Recommendation 4 Personal Statement (Goals/Interests) 5 Pubs/Presentations (research competence) 6 Clinical Experience - Psychotherapy 7 Familiarity with Applicants Supervisor(s) 8 Work Sample 9 GPA 10
  17. 17. Preferred NP Practica or ClinicalPreferred NP Practica or Clinical Training ExperienceTraining Experience Considered Essential or Very Important Clinical NP pts 97.5% Neurology 95% Psychiatry 77.5% Clinical Psych pts 72.5% Medical rehab/health psych pts 47.5% Counseling pts 30% Cog rehab pts 25%
  18. 18. Desired Setting ExperienceDesired Setting Experience Rank Order Univ Medical Center 1 VA Medical Center 2 Community Hospital or Clinic 3 Private Rehab Facility 4 Private Practice 5
  19. 19. Prior Assessment ExperiencePrior Assessment Experience Considered Essential or Very Important NP Assessment Flexible/Functional Systems 80% Process 60% Fixed 37.5% Personality Assessment Objective 90% Projective 20% Vocational/Functional Assessment 27.5%
  20. 20. Educational BackgroundEducational Background Considered Essential or Very Important Div 40 Curriculum 82.5% NP Faculty/Supervisors 87.5% NP Recommendation Letters 85% Diss Proposed 92.5% Diss Completed 27.5%
  21. 21. Prior Research ActivityPrior Research Activity Considered Essential or Very Important Publications in Referenced Journals 42.5% Nat Conference Presentations 50% INS 47.5% NAN 40% APA Div40 45%
  22. 22. Other Considerations forOther Considerations for Selecting an InternshipSelecting an Internship  SeekSeek balancedbalanced training programs.training programs.  Clinical Rotations (seek variety re: populations,Clinical Rotations (seek variety re: populations, disorders, settings).disorders, settings).  Offered Didactics (general and specialty). Quality?Offered Didactics (general and specialty). Quality?  Research opportunities (does their faculty publish?)Research opportunities (does their faculty publish?) Role of interns (collect data, analyses, write?).Role of interns (collect data, analyses, write?).  Supervision (Individual? Group?) With whom? SeekSupervision (Individual? Group?) With whom? Seek variety.variety.  Teaching (opportunities to present lectures?)Teaching (opportunities to present lectures?)  Other considerations:Other considerations: • How many neuropsych interns? Sharing resources?How many neuropsych interns? Sharing resources? • Is there a postdoc program?Is there a postdoc program?
  23. 23. Availability vs.Availability vs. OpportunityOpportunity  To good to be true?To good to be true?  Make sure the “available” opportunities listedMake sure the “available” opportunities listed on site brochures are actually attainable (talkon site brochures are actually attainable (talk to current interns!).to current interns!).  Manage/protect your time.Manage/protect your time.  Set limits with your supervisors.Set limits with your supervisors.  Acknowledge the amount of time it takes youAcknowledge the amount of time it takes you to do complete something.to do complete something.  Set reasonable/attainable goals.Set reasonable/attainable goals.  Make wise choices (1 peer reviewed pub vs. 3Make wise choices (1 peer reviewed pub vs. 3 posters).posters).
  24. 24. KEEP AN OPEN MINDKEEP AN OPEN MIND  Remember you won't always know what you like until you try it.  Graduate training is a time to grow and discover interests – use this time to round out your education.  General clinical training is an essential aspect of training to become a Neuropsychologist.  All graduate programs offer students the chance to learn how to be critical thinkers and good learners–skills that you'll be able to use no matter how the market for psychology changes.
  25. 25. Think AheadThink Ahead  Educate yourself! Know the expectedEducate yourself! Know the expected requirements for the next level of training.requirements for the next level of training.  Select an internship site that will help youSelect an internship site that will help you become a more competitive postdocbecome a more competitive postdoc candidate (fill in your training gaps).candidate (fill in your training gaps).  ResearchResearch  ClinicalClinical  DidacticsDidactics
  26. 26. A Model ExampleA Model Example  JAHVA Medical Center, Tampa, FLJAHVA Medical Center, Tampa, FL  Educates students on theEducates students on the requirements/qualifications for attainingrequirements/qualifications for attaining competitive postdoctoral fellowships andcompetitive postdoctoral fellowships and board certification.board certification.  Provides ABCN Didactics to introduce andProvides ABCN Didactics to introduce and prepare trainees at the intern andprepare trainees at the intern and postdoctoral level to successfully navigatepostdoctoral level to successfully navigate and pass the NP Specialty boards.and pass the NP Specialty boards.
  27. 27. Participation is required for Postdocs andParticipation is required for Postdocs and strongly encouraged for Interns:strongly encouraged for Interns:  Teach neuroanatomy and neuropathology toTeach neuroanatomy and neuropathology to students and staff.students and staff.  100 question practice NP written exams.100 question practice NP written exams.  Mock oral fact-finding exams.Mock oral fact-finding exams.  Mock oral ethics exam.Mock oral ethics exam.  Work sample submission and oral defense of a NPWork sample submission and oral defense of a NP case.case.
  28. 28. Resources for prospectiveResources for prospective students, interns, postdocsstudents, interns, postdocs  A list of graduate training programs inA list of graduate training programs in Clinical Neuropsychology is maintained byClinical Neuropsychology is maintained by Division 40 of the American PsychologicalDivision 40 of the American Psychological Association.Association. www.div40.orgwww.div40.org  The list is periodically published inThe list is periodically published in The Clinical NeuropsychologistThe Clinical Neuropsychologist, by Swets, by Swets & Zeitlinger Publishers.& Zeitlinger Publishers.
  29. 29. Graduate, internship andGraduate, internship and postdoctoral training programspostdoctoral training programs  Name of institution and departmentName of institution and department  DOT contact information (Board certified yes/no)DOT contact information (Board certified yes/no)  # of available positions# of available positions  Length of programLength of program  Available financial assistanceAvailable financial assistance  Info on training setting, patient demographics,Info on training setting, patient demographics, researchresearch  Specialty training (neuropsychology,Specialty training (neuropsychology, rehabilitation etc…)rehabilitation etc…)  Application procedure informationApplication procedure information
  30. 30. ResourcesResources Check out websitesCheck out websites APA-40 (Division of Clinical Neuropsychology (40) of the American PsychologicalAPA-40 (Division of Clinical Neuropsychology (40) of the American Psychological Association)Association) APPIC (Association of Psychology Postdoctoral and Internship Centers)APPIC (Association of Psychology Postdoctoral and Internship Centers) APPCN (Association of Postdoctoral Programs in Clinical Neuropsychology)APPCN (Association of Postdoctoral Programs in Clinical Neuropsychology) AITCN (Association for Internship Training in Clinical Neuropsychology)AITCN (Association for Internship Training in Clinical Neuropsychology) ABCN (ABCN (American Board of Clinical Neuropsychology )American Board of Clinical Neuropsychology ) ABPDN (American Board of Pediatric Neuropsychology)ABPDN (American Board of Pediatric Neuropsychology) ABPP-CN (American Board of Professional Psychology - Clinical Neuropsychology)ABPP-CN (American Board of Professional Psychology - Clinical Neuropsychology) NAN (NAN (National Academy of Neuropsychology) INS (International Neuropsychology Society) AACN (American Academy for Clinical Neuropsychology)AACN (American Academy for Clinical Neuropsychology) ADECN (Association for Doctoral Education in Clinical Neuropsychology) Join Listserves:Join Listserves: Div40ANSTDiv40ANST WINSWINS NPSYCHNPSYCH PEDSNPSYCHPEDSNPSYCH POSTDOCPOSTDOC INTERNINTERN APAGSAPAGS Attend National ConferencesAttend National Conferences NAN (National Academy of Neuropsychology)NAN (National Academy of Neuropsychology) INS (International Neuropsychology Society)INS (International Neuropsychology Society) APA (American Psychological Association)APA (American Psychological Association)
  31. 31. Independent Training CentersIndependent Training Centers  Center for Applied NeuropsychologyCenter for Applied Neuropsychology - The Center for Applied- The Center for Applied Neuropsychology (CAN) is a private, non-profit, community-basedNeuropsychology (CAN) is a private, non-profit, community-based agency devoted to service, research, and training in rehabilitationagency devoted to service, research, and training in rehabilitation psychology, neuropsychology, and vocational rehabilitation.psychology, neuropsychology, and vocational rehabilitation.  NAN distanCENAN distanCE - The National Academy of Neuropsychology takes- The National Academy of Neuropsychology takes the forefront in offering neuropsychology-oriented continuingthe forefront in offering neuropsychology-oriented continuing education (CE) via the Internet. www.nanonline.org/education (CE) via the Internet. www.nanonline.org/  The Neuropsychology CenterThe Neuropsychology Center - The Neuropsychology Center- The Neuropsychology Center offers a variety of training opportunities and experiences. Theseoffers a variety of training opportunities and experiences. These include Continuing Education (CE) seminars, clinical consultation,include Continuing Education (CE) seminars, clinical consultation, and ad hoc training experiences. http://www.neuropsych.com/and ad hoc training experiences. http://www.neuropsych.com/
  32. 32. Overview of Postdoctoral Training in Clinical Neuropsychology Corwin Boake, PhD University of Texas-Houston Medical School and Memorial Hermann-TIRR, Houston, Texas corwin.boake@uth.tmc.edu
  33. 33. Main topics Houston Conference guidelines What to look for in a residency Nuts & bolts of application & interview National match Survey of 2007 match applicants
  34. 34. Goal is to complete the education and training necessary for independent practice of clinical neuropsychology (CN) Residency is a REQUIRED component in specialty education in CN The equivalent of 2 years of full-time education and training Residency MUST occur on at least a half-time basis ENTRY criteria:  1. Entrance SHOULD be based upon completion an APA/CPA- accredited doctoral program.  2. Residents WILL have successfully completed an APA/CPA- accredited internship which includes SOME training in CN. Houston Conference guidelines for postdoctoral training
  35. 35. EXIT criteria: 1. Faculty includes a board-certified clinical neuropsychologist and other psychologists. 2.Training at a fixed site or affiliated local sites with primarily on-site supervision. 3.Access to clinical services and training in medical specialties and allied professions. 4.Interactions with residents in medical and allied specialties. 5. Eligibility for state or provincial licensure for independent practice. 6.Eligibility for board certification by ABCN. Houston Conference guidelines for postdoctoral training
  36. 36. Preparing for application to postdoctoral programs Doctorate in clinical/counseling/school APA/CPA accreditation of doctoral program and internship Neuropsychology background through practica, employment, coursework, and/or research If no exposure available in doctoral program, supplement with additional supervised practicum, employment, etc.
  37. 37. Preparing for application to postdoctoral programs Involvement in specialty organizations (e.g., APA Div 40, INS, NAN) Need to complete dissertation by start date of residency Use internship to round out general clinical competencies Neuropsychology internship is not necessary and not always helpful Plan applications with advisor or mentor
  38. 38. How to judge program quality Meets Houston conference guidelines Offers a variety of clinical experience Quality supervision and fair evaluation Opportunities for education and research Expected clinical productivity
  39. 39. How to judge program quality Evidence of staff expertise Adequate resources APA accreditation: potential advantage but not required at the postdoctoral level Outcomes of previous residents
  40. 40. Applying to postdoctoral programs Programs have different application procedures (but simpler than internship) List specific goals in cover letter Attend INS for interviews Speak with former/current trainees Apply to many programs
  41. 41. APPCN membership criteria Duration of 2 years of postdoctoral training, or equivalent on at least a half- time basis Activity at least 50% clinical, 10% didactics, and 10% research Program director is board-certified in clinical neuropsychology by ABCN
  42. 42. National match: timeline Applicant Program Register with NMS Interviews Submit ranks Match Clearing- house mid-January 2008 2/29/08 3/10/08 Deadline
  43. 43. National match: Basic procedures Computerized matching process, run by NMS on behalf of APPCN All programs meeting Houston guidelines may participate Fees for applicants and programs Match assignments are based on applicants’ and programs’ rankings Match assignments are binding Clearinghouse available after match
  44. 44. National match: rules for participation Program can disclose only if the applicant is competitive and will be ranked Premature offers are not allowed No limit on number of applications or number of ranks submitted
  45. 45. 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Applicants Positions 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 National match: N of applicants and positions
  46. 46. National match: success rates 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Applicants Positions 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
  47. 47. National match: Relationship of outcome to N of ranks submitted 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Applicants Positions Matched Unmatched mean N of ranks (2007)
  48. 48. National match survey Survey of applicants in 2007 match Purpose:  Describe match registrants  Assess satisfaction with the match  What influences match outcome The overall match rate for those who responded was 62%
  49. 49. National match survey: Factors that influence match outcome 0 20 40 60 80 100 0 to 1 2 to 4 5 or more Number of Publications Match Rate by Publications
  50. 50. National match survey: Factors that influence match outcome 0 20 40 60 80 100 0 to 3 4 to 9 10 or more Number of Presentations Match Rate by Presentations
  51. 51. National match survey: Factors that influence match outcome 0 20 40 60 80 100 0 to 3 4 to 7 8 or more Number of Interviews Match Rate by Interviews
  52. 52. National match survey: Summary Factors associated with match success:  Publications  Number of interviews obtained: for those with 8 or more interviews, match rate was 95% 75% of non-matched applicants reported obtaining a neuropsychology fellowship
  53. 53. National match: Advantages to the applicant Access to most quality programs that meet training standards for ABCN Procedure is fair to applicants Ability to apply to many programs using the same process Minimize travel by interviewing at INS Match outcome is binding Clearinghouse
  54. 54. National match: important links APPCN: www.appcn.org NMS: www.natmatch.com/appcnmat/
  55. 55. Conclusions 1. Postdoctoral residency is required for new doctorates to practice in this specialty 2. Competition for residency positions 3. Preparing a competitive application
  56. 56. Questions?
  57. 57. American Board ofAmerican Board of Clinical NeuropsychologyClinical Neuropsychology (ABCN)(ABCN) Celiane Rey-Casserly, PhDCeliane Rey-Casserly, PhD
  58. 58. Why Board Certification?Why Board Certification?  Protection of the patient is paramount!Protection of the patient is paramount!  During earlier periods, multiple routes toDuring earlier periods, multiple routes to clinical practice were followed-nowclinical practice were followed-now development of formal training opportunitiesdevelopment of formal training opportunities  Even with formal training, level of trainingEven with formal training, level of training cannot be guaranteed, either by program or bycannot be guaranteed, either by program or by student.student.  Self-designation is not acceptable. CertificatesSelf-designation is not acceptable. Certificates of training are no better.of training are no better.  Certification by examination by peers is theCertification by examination by peers is the only appropriate method of assuringonly appropriate method of assuring competence.competence.
  59. 59. Psychology Boards Analogous toPsychology Boards Analogous to Medical BoardsMedical Boards  State licensure is not appropriate for specialtyState licensure is not appropriate for specialty regulation.regulation.  Problems with generic licensure abound, including:Problems with generic licensure abound, including:  Understanding of specialty criteria difficult forUnderstanding of specialty criteria difficult for legislatorslegislators  Multiple claims to competence withoutMultiple claims to competence without appropriate examappropriate exam  Board certification is voluntary and regulatedBoard certification is voluntary and regulated by the field.by the field.  Medical specialties also not regulated at state levelMedical specialties also not regulated at state level  AMA directory lists “self-designated” specialistsAMA directory lists “self-designated” specialists
  60. 60. Purpose of the ExaminationPurpose of the Examination The examination for the diploma is designed to assessThe examination for the diploma is designed to assess advanced competence in the practice of clinicaladvanced competence in the practice of clinical neuropsychology. It is intended not just as aneuropsychology. It is intended not just as a measure of fund of knowledge, but also as a tool tomeasure of fund of knowledge, but also as a tool to determine the effectiveness of application ofdetermine the effectiveness of application of neuropsychological principles in the clinical settingneuropsychological principles in the clinical setting and the promotion of the welfare of the patient.and the promotion of the welfare of the patient. The examination is designed to provide a standardThe examination is designed to provide a standard by which competence to practice Clinicalby which competence to practice Clinical Neuropsychology is judged.Neuropsychology is judged. Bieliauskas & Matthews, 1987Bieliauskas & Matthews, 1987
  61. 61. ABCN Officers and AppointeesABCN Officers and Appointees 2007-20092007-2009  PresidentPresident Michael WesterveldMichael Westerveld  Vice PresidentVice President Bernice MarcopulosBernice Marcopulos  SecretarySecretary Karen WillsKaren Wills  TreasurerTreasurer Rich NaugleRich Naugle  ABPP RepresentativeABPP Representative Sandra KofflerSandra Koffler  Executive DirectorExecutive Director Linas BieliauskasLinas Bieliauskas  Exam Committee Chair Bernice MarcopulosExam Committee Chair Bernice Marcopulos  Local Arrangements ChairLocal Arrangements Chair Chris GroteChris Grote
  62. 62. ABCN BOD 2007ABCN BOD 2007 Debra Koltai Attix (2007-2012) Richard Naugle (2000-2009)Debra Koltai Attix (2007-2012) Richard Naugle (2000-2009) William Barr (2003-2008) Celiane Rey-Casserly (2005-2010)William Barr (2003-2008) Celiane Rey-Casserly (2005-2010) James Becker (2004-2009) Brenda Spiegler (2005-2010)James Becker (2004-2009) Brenda Spiegler (2005-2010) Julie Bobholz (2007-2012) Sara Swanson (2004-2009)Julie Bobholz (2007-2012) Sara Swanson (2004-2009) Jennifer Haut (2006-2011 Fred Unverzagt (2006-2011)Jennifer Haut (2006-2011 Fred Unverzagt (2006-2011) David Kareken (2006-2011) Michael Westerveld (2000-2009)David Kareken (2006-2011) Michael Westerveld (2000-2009) Sandra Koffler (1997-2007) Karen Wills (2003-2009)Sandra Koffler (1997-2007) Karen Wills (2003-2009) Gregory Lee (2004-2009 Tony Wong (2007-2012)Gregory Lee (2004-2009 Tony Wong (2007-2012) John Lucas (2005-2010)John Lucas (2005-2010) Bernice Marcopulos (2003-2008)Bernice Marcopulos (2003-2008)
  63. 63. Current Status of Board CertificationCurrent Status of Board Certification  As of June, 2007, there are 599 boardAs of June, 2007, there are 599 board certified Clinical Neuropsychologists,certified Clinical Neuropsychologists, from 48 states, the District of Columbia,from 48 states, the District of Columbia, and 4 provinces.and 4 provinces.  Since its inception, ABCN has awardedSince its inception, ABCN has awarded board certification to 609 individuals.board certification to 609 individuals.  In 2005, 61 took the written exam and 36In 2005, 61 took the written exam and 36 took the oral exam.took the oral exam.  In 2006, 83 took the written exam and 47In 2006, 83 took the written exam and 47 took the oral.took the oral.  So far 2007: 86 written; 20 oralsSo far 2007: 86 written; 20 orals
  64. 64. ABCN Written ExaminationsABCN Written Examinations in Recent Yearsin Recent Years 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 ** **with one exam to gowith one exam to go
  65. 65. Application and ExaminationApplication and Examination 2 phases2 phases Assessment ofAssessment of education, training,education, training, knowledgeknowledge 1. Application and1. Application and Credentials ReviewCredentials Review 2. Written Exam2. Written Exam Assessment ofAssessment of competencecompetence 3. Practice Sample3. Practice Sample EvaluationEvaluation 4. Oral Exam4. Oral Exam
  66. 66. CostsCosts  $125 Application Fee$125 Application Fee  $300 Written Examination Fee$300 Written Examination Fee  $250 Work Sample Fee$250 Work Sample Fee  $450 Oral Examination Fee$450 Oral Examination Fee
  67. 67. How Long Does it Take?How Long Does it Take?
  68. 68. Eligibility CriteriaEligibility Criteria  Earned doctoral degree in psychology from a regionallyEarned doctoral degree in psychology from a regionally accredited university.accredited university.  Membership in professional psychological organizationsMembership in professional psychological organizations which have identified purposes and policies that arewhich have identified purposes and policies that are congruent with those of ABPP.congruent with those of ABPP.  Licensed or certified at the level of independentLicensed or certified at the level of independent practice.practice.  Areas of training and experience:Areas of training and experience:  Basic NeurosciencesBasic Neurosciences -Neuropathology-Neuropathology  Clinical NeurologyClinical Neurology -Neuroanatomy-Neuroanatomy  Psychological AssessmentPsychological Assessment  Clinical Neuropsychological AssessmentClinical Neuropsychological Assessment  Psychological InterventionPsychological Intervention  PsychopathologyPsychopathology
  69. 69. Three years of experience in Clinical Neuropsychology,Three years of experience in Clinical Neuropsychology, satisfied by:satisfied by:  3 years of experience, one of which may be predoctoral3 years of experience, one of which may be predoctoral internship with an emphasis in Clinical Neuropsychologyinternship with an emphasis in Clinical Neuropsychology  one year pre or post doctoral experienceone year pre or post doctoral experience andand successfulsuccessful completion of a postdoctoral program in Clinicalcompletion of a postdoctoral program in Clinical NeuropsychologyNeuropsychology Two years of supervision in the practice of ClinicalTwo years of supervision in the practice of Clinical Neuropsychology, satisfied by:Neuropsychology, satisfied by:  2 years of postdoctoral supervision2 years of postdoctoral supervision  1 year of predoctoral & 1 year of postdoctoral supervision1 year of predoctoral & 1 year of postdoctoral supervision  completion of a postdoctoral program in Clinicalcompletion of a postdoctoral program in Clinical NeuropsychologyNeuropsychology
  70. 70. Written ExaminationWritten Examination  Prepared in conjunction with the ProfessionalPrepared in conjunction with the Professional Examination Service (PES)Examination Service (PES)  Updated every 2-3 years by 30%Updated every 2-3 years by 30%  Items rated for appropriateness as well asItems rated for appropriateness as well as accuracyaccuracy  100 multiple-choice items, covering 4 rubrics100 multiple-choice items, covering 4 rubrics  Given at each of the four majorGiven at each of the four major neuropsychological meetings annually, INS,neuropsychological meetings annually, INS, AACN, APA Division 40, and NANAACN, APA Division 40, and NAN
  71. 71. Four Rubrics for QuestionsFour Rubrics for Questions from Houston Conferencefrom Houston Conference  Generic Psychology CoreGeneric Psychology Core  Generic Clinical CoreGeneric Clinical Core  Brain-behavior RelationshipsBrain-behavior Relationships  Clinical NeuropsychologyClinical Neuropsychology
  72. 72. Work Sample SubmissionWork Sample Submission  A work sample consists of two casesA work sample consists of two cases  The cases must be sufficiently differentThe cases must be sufficiently different to demonstrate broad knowledgeto demonstrate broad knowledge  OriginalOriginal report, summary sheet, copy ofreport, summary sheet, copy of raw test protocolsraw test protocols Note: Supplementary materials NONote: Supplementary materials NO LONGER REQUIRED!LONGER REQUIRED!
  73. 73. Oral ExaminationsOral Examinations When work samples have been accepted (notWhen work samples have been accepted (not passedpassed) for) for oral examination, candidate is asked to prepare to takeoral examination, candidate is asked to prepare to take the next available oral examination. Examinations arethe next available oral examination. Examinations are currently held at Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke’s Medicalcurrently held at Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke’s Medical Center in Chicago in the middle of May and the middleCenter in Chicago in the middle of May and the middle of October each year. With two examination teams, 24of October each year. With two examination teams, 24 candidates can be accommodated at each exam. Therecandidates can be accommodated at each exam. There are current capabilities to expand to 36 candidates perare current capabilities to expand to 36 candidates per examination if necessary.examination if necessary. The examination committee of ABCN selects theThe examination committee of ABCN selects the examiners from a fixed cadre of examiners, selected forexaminers from a fixed cadre of examiners, selected for high quality of past exam administrations or highhigh quality of past exam administrations or high probability of effective examination based on trainingprobability of effective examination based on training experience. The examiners represent the diversity ofexperience. The examiners represent the diversity of board certified clinical neuropsychologists, includingboard certified clinical neuropsychologists, including gender, region, child/adult emphasis, and seniority.gender, region, child/adult emphasis, and seniority.
  74. 74. Board Preparation ResourcesBoard Preparation Resources The HistoryThe History ““BRAIN” is an ABPP/CN study group that wasBRAIN” is an ABPP/CN study group that was started by a few candidates back in 2002.started by a few candidates back in 2002. Formally named "BRAIN" later. Lots of infoFormally named "BRAIN" later. Lots of info about the group has been compiled and is nowabout the group has been compiled and is now available on the web, so it might be easiest toavailable on the web, so it might be easiest to just check that out:just check that out: http://www.cincinnatichildrens.org/svc/alpha/n/http://www.cincinnatichildrens.org/svc/alpha/n/ neurobehavioral/brain/neurobehavioral/brain/..
  75. 75. ““BRAIN”BRAIN” BRAIN (which stands for “Be Ready for ABPP inBRAIN (which stands for “Be Ready for ABPP in Neuropsychology) is becoming an increasingly wellNeuropsychology) is becoming an increasingly well organized group designed to help our colleagues obtainorganized group designed to help our colleagues obtain their ABCN certification. While it was originally started bytheir ABCN certification. While it was originally started by a small group of friends (prior to AACN’s mentoringa small group of friends (prior to AACN’s mentoring program), it has expanded to include over 125 members.program), it has expanded to include over 125 members. The listserve consists of neuropsychologists at all stages ofThe listserve consists of neuropsychologists at all stages of the ABPP process, from individuals who are still thinkingthe ABPP process, from individuals who are still thinking about turning in their credentials to over 30 people whoabout turning in their credentials to over 30 people who are now ABCN diplomates. They have designed study notesare now ABCN diplomates. They have designed study notes (which can be viewed at the website) and also provide(which can be viewed at the website) and also provide supportive suggestions and guidance to candidates as theysupportive suggestions and guidance to candidates as they proceed through the ABPP process. They have also beenproceed through the ABPP process. They have also been able to provide a forum for individuals to develop studyable to provide a forum for individuals to develop study groups for each stage of the ABPP process, as well asgroups for each stage of the ABPP process, as well as provide a little bit of inspiration and positive peerprovide a little bit of inspiration and positive peer pressure. They now have an official listserve (thanks topressure. They now have an official listserve (thanks to Bob Ivnik’s generosity) and website (thanks to DeanBob Ivnik’s generosity) and website (thanks to Dean Beebe’s efforts).Beebe’s efforts).
  76. 76. ““BRAIN”BRAIN”  New members are accepted upon referralNew members are accepted upon referral from a member of AACN or an alreadyfrom a member of AACN or an already existing member of BRAIN who may orexisting member of BRAIN who may or may not have completed the ABPP/CNmay not have completed the ABPP/CN process (this person is considered the newprocess (this person is considered the new member's "sponsor").member's "sponsor").  If a supervisor is not a member of AACN orIf a supervisor is not a member of AACN or Brain, they should contact someone whoBrain, they should contact someone who is.is.  The only other criterion to join BRAIN isThe only other criterion to join BRAIN is that the new member be a licensedthat the new member be a licensed psychologist.psychologist.
  77. 77. BRAIN (continued)BRAIN (continued) If an AACN or BRAIN member would like to add someone toIf an AACN or BRAIN member would like to add someone to the study group listserve,contact Michael Kirkwoodthe study group listserve,contact Michael Kirkwood ((kirkwood.michael@tchden.orgkirkwood.michael@tchden.org) with the name,email) with the name,email address, and a brief narrative biosketch of the potentialaddress, and a brief narrative biosketch of the potential member.member. After receiving this information, Dr. Kirkwood will send anAfter receiving this information, Dr. Kirkwood will send an email to the new member and the sponsor, which willemail to the new member and the sponsor, which will include an introductory welcome letter and listservinclude an introductory welcome letter and listserv registration information. Dr. Kirkwood will subsequentlyregistration information. Dr. Kirkwood will subsequently post the biosketches of new members to the BRAINpost the biosketches of new members to the BRAIN listserv as a means of introducing them to the group.listserv as a means of introducing them to the group.
  78. 78. AACN ResourcesAACN Resources  Available at www.theaacn.orgAvailable at www.theaacn.org  AACN Study Guide for board certification:AACN Study Guide for board certification: A very detailed resource regarding eachA very detailed resource regarding each step in the process.step in the process.  AACN Mentorship Program:AACN Mentorship Program:  Available to candidates who have passed theAvailable to candidates who have passed the Credentials ReviewCredentials Review  Meant for support and consultationMeant for support and consultation  Participation is optional, although advisableParticipation is optional, although advisable
  79. 79. Questions?Questions?
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