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Anxiety and Arousal
Anxiety and Arousal
Anxiety and Arousal
Anxiety and Arousal
Anxiety and Arousal
Anxiety and Arousal
Anxiety and Arousal
Anxiety and Arousal
Anxiety and Arousal
Anxiety and Arousal
Anxiety and Arousal
Anxiety and Arousal
Anxiety and Arousal
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Anxiety and Arousal

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  • Draw model on board (with reversible arrows)
    Use Fig 14-1 to explain this model
  • Transcript

    • 1. What is the relationship between anxiety, arousal, and sport performance? How pumped-up or how calm should one be???
    • 2. Arousal – A physiological activation of a person (from coma to intense activation) – Neutral until interpreted, when it is felt as positive or negative – Under control of the ANS (autonomic nervous system)
    • 3. A d r e n a l C o r t e x r e l e a s e s c o r t i s o l ( s t r e s s h o r m o n e ) P i t u i t a r y G l a n d H y p o t h a l a m u s " F i g h t o r f l i g h t r e a c t i o n " ( e .g . , H R , b r e a t h i n g ) A d r e n a l i n & N o r a d r e n a l i n S y m p a t h e t i c N e r v o u s S y s t e m In t e r p r e t a t i o n ( C e r e b r a l c o r t e x ) C o m p e t it iv e S it u a t io n
    • 4. HR, BP, RRHR, BP, RR BiochemicalsBiochemicals ( hormones)( hormones) •Palmar sweating & GSRPalmar sweating & GSR •Muscle Tension (EMG)Muscle Tension (EMG) ArousalArousal
    • 5. Anxiety – How do you experience anxiety? What are your symptoms?
    • 6. – Situation-specific (State Anxiety) vs. – Generalized anxiety (Trait Anxiety) State vs. Trait anxietyState vs. Trait anxiety
    • 7. Emotional/CognitiveEmotional/Cognitive PhysiologicalPhysiological BehavioralBehavioral AnxietyAnxiety componentscomponents Experiencing anxietyExperiencing anxiety
    • 8. Emotional/CognitiveEmotional/Cognitive (self-report(self-report inventories)inventories) PhysiologicalPhysiological (arousal(arousal measures)measures) BehavioralBehavioral (observation)(observation) AnxietyAnxiety Measuring anxietyMeasuring anxiety
    • 9. What is the relationship between anxiety, arousal, and sport performance? How pumped-up or how calm should one be???
    • 10. Lots of theories – Catastrophe theory – Zone of optimal functioning – Reversal theory – Inverted-U
    • 11. “The relationship between arousal, anxiety, and performance is curvilinear and in the shape of an inverted-U.” For any task, there is an optimal level of arousal/anxiety depending on the sport, situation, and individual. Examples?
    • 12. Explanatory model (A-B-C-D-E) (draw chart) A = Athlete (what he/she brings to the situation) B = Ballgame (the actual situation) C = Cognitive appraisal D = Dread & Dry mouth (the emotional & physiological responses) E - Execution (the sports performance)

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