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The first edition of the dictionary in 70`s.
The current edition is the 11th edition
published in October 2011.
Harper and Row and William Collins
Patrick Hanks and Lawrence Urdang.
William Collins (1789–1853) was a Scottish
schoolmaster and publisher, founder of
William Collins, Sons.
Collins was born near Glasgow in 1789. He
was a millworker who established a company
in 1819 for printing and publishing pamphlets,
sermons, hymn books and prayer books. He
produced the first Collins English Dictionary in
1824, when he also obtained a license to
publish the Bible. In 1856, the first Collins
atlas was published.
The first edition of the dictionary , with Patrick
Hanks as editor and Lawrence Urdang as editorial
director, was a milestone in British dictionary
making as it was the first to use the full power of
computer databases and typesetting in the
preparation of a dictionary. This meant that, for
instance, subject editors could control separate
definitions of the same word and the results could
be blended, rather than one editor being
responsible for a word.
By the third edition, they increasingly used the
Bank of English established by Hanks at
COBUILD to provide typical definitions rather than
examples composed by the lexicographer.
The current edition is the 11th edition, which was
published in October 2011. A special "30th
Anniversary" 10th edition was published in 2010,
with earlier editions published once every 3 – 4
CollinsDictionary.com. The unabridged Collins
English dictionary was published on the web on 31
December 2011 on CollinsDictionary.com, along
with the unabridged dictionaries of French,
German, Spanish and Italian. The site also
includes example sentences showing word usage
from the Collins Bank of English Corpus, word
frequencies and trends from the Google Engrams
project, and word images from Flickr.
In August 2012, CollinsDictionary.com
introduced Facebook-linked crowd-sourcing for
neologisms, whilst still maintaining overall
editorial control to remain distinct from
Wiktionary and Urban Dictionary. This followed
an earlier launch of a discussion forum for
neologisms in 2004.
Collection of words in one or more specific
languages, often listed alphabetically (or
by radical and stroke for ideographic
languages), with usage information,
definitions, etymologies, phonetics,
pronunciations, and other information; or a
book of words in one language with their
equivalents in another, also known as a
According to Nielsen (2008) a dictionary may
be regarded as a lexicographical product that is
characterized by three significant features: it
has been prepared for one or more functions; it
contains data that have been selected for the
purpose of fulfilling those functions; and its
lexicographic structures link and establish
relationships between the data so that they can
meet the needs of users and fulfill the functions
of the dictionary
TYPES OF DICTIONARIES
Thesaurus of the
Contains thousands of
alternative words and
features on a range of
subjects from social
With over 130,000 full
usage trends, images, full
examples and audio this
dictionary is quite simply
the most comprehensive
dictionary on the web.
Dictionary is not only
authoritative, but also
coverage of world,
regional and dialect
The most complete
and accurate picture of
available with the
word database of
and French ensures.
For 40 years the Collins
Spanish Dictionary has
remained the ultimate
resource for learners of
Spanish. With wide-
ranging coverage of
and English and a wealth
of examples and idioms
you will never be out of
touch with the Spanish-
Collins Zanichelli il
Bringing up-to-date with
to the Italian and
Zanichelli il Ragazzini
is Italy's bestselling
Is comprehensive and
authoritative. It will
provide you with all the
latest vocabulary from
areas including the
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