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  1. 1. 2. The line
  2. 2. 2. The line <ul><li>Lines, dots, shapes, textures and colours are the basic elements of visual language. </li></ul><ul><li>The dot is the most simple element, and it’s very important in graphic expression, arts and digital image. </li></ul><ul><li>If we observe a picture in detail, we’ll be able to see the grid of pixels. Pixels define the quality of a digital picture. We call them “map of bits”. </li></ul>
  3. 3. 2. The line <ul><li>A line is the track made by a point moving in space. </li></ul><ul><li>There are two types of lines: geometric and graphic. </li></ul><ul><li>The geometric line is the intersection between two planes. </li></ul>Geometric line
  4. 4. 2. The line <ul><li>The graphic line can have a great assortment of shapes, colours and textures, and its trace can be done using a lot of different tools. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Line’s characteristics <ul><li>Intensity : depends on the pression we are doing with the drawing tool (pencil, brush, crayon...). If we press, the line is stronger: it has a bigger intensity. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Line’s characteristics <ul><li>Thickness : as bigger is the line’s intensity, as thicker is the line: when we press, the line is more instense and thick. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Line’s characteristics <ul><li>Colour and uniformity </li></ul>
  8. 8. Types of lines and expressivity <ul><ul><li>Using different tools and materials for drawing, we can get different types of lines. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lines can express ideas, emotions and feelings. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lines show the personality of the artist, as a signature does. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Types of lines: horizontal lines <ul><li>The lines can be horizontal, vertical, oblique or curved. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Horinzontal lines express sensation of peace, quietness and coldness . </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Types of lines: vertical lines <ul><ul><li>Vertical lines express strength, elegance, spirituality. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Types of lines: oblique lines <ul><li>Oblique lines transmit sensation of inestability. If they begin at the same point, they give us sensation of depth. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Types of lines: curved lines <ul><li>Curved lines give us sensation of movement . </li></ul>
  13. 13. Lines in art creation <ul><ul><li>In drawing and painting, lines are used to represent shapes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They also can be used as guides in a composition: they are called master lines or strength lines . </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Lines in art creation <ul><ul><li>In art history there have been art styles that have used lines as very important elements. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Modernism : begins at the end of XIX th century, and lines are everywhere. Modernists likes wavy and sinuous lines. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ The life tree” by Gustav Klimt </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Lines in art creation <ul><li>Modernists also build buildings full of wavy lines. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Parc Güell”, by Antoni Gaudí. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Lines in art creation <ul><ul><li>Neoplasticism : A Dutch painter called Piet Mondrian (1872-1944) was the first who painted using only vertical and horizontal lines, and only a few colours (white, black, red, blue and yellow). </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Curiosities <ul><li>Look at this cartoon about types of line. It reproduces a painting of Franz Marc (1880-1916), an expressionist german painter. </li></ul><ul><li>Tiger, by Franz Marc </li></ul>
  18. 18. Activities <ul><li>Activities from “ The Artist’s Toolkit ” </li></ul><ul><li>Choose a picture of a magazine and draw it using lines. Use felt-tip pens. </li></ul>