Elements bàsics del llenguatge visual

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  • 1. Basic elements of visual language Dots, lines and shapes
  • 2. Talk about the main elements of the images: dots, lines and shapes.Discover and practise an art style: The Pointillism.Work with linesWork with shapesWe are going to...
  • 3. The dot is the smallest graphic element that can be used.There are two types of dots: ◦ Geometric dots ◦ Graphic dots1. The dot
  • 4. Geometric dot: in technical drawing, two lines cross themselves in a geometric point.Graphic dot: is the simplest element we can use to draw. It’s always small and nearly round.1. The dot
  • 5. Dots build images: ◦ Our brain groups the dots to see figures and shapes.1. The dot
  • 6. We can use dots to draw objects, delimit shapes and give them volume and shadows. The dot can also give us important information about colours and textures.1. The dot
  • 7. At the end of the XIXth century, some French artists began to paint using small coloured dots.Those dots create an optic effect in our eyes that mixes the colours.This style is called Pointillism, and some of the most important painters were Paul Signac (1863-1935) and Georges Seurat (1859-1891).Pointillism
  • 8. Georges Seurat Le cirqueUn dimanche après-midi à lÎle de la GrandeJattePointillism
  • 9. Paul Signac DimanchePointillism
  • 10. In the XXth century, other artists have used coloured dots in their paintings. Roy Lichtenstein (1923-1997)Other artists
  • 11. 1. Look at the image and try to draw it in pointillistic style. To do this: first, draw it in a schematic way using the soft lead pencil. After, use the black pen to draw the dots. They must always have the same shape. Put a lot of dots in the darkest parts, and only a few in the brightest.Activities
  • 12. 2.Create a painting in pointillistic style. You can draw and paint what you want (a portrait, a landscape, a still life...). Use felt tip pens in an A4 cardboard.Activities
  • 13. 2. The line
  • 14. If we observe a picture in detail, we’ll be able to see Lines, dots, shapes, the grid of pixels. Pixels textures and colours define the quality of a digital are the basic picture. We call them “map of bits”. elements of visual language. The dot is the most simple element, and it’s very important in graphic expression, arts and digital image.2. The line
  • 15. A line is the track made by a point moving in space. There are two types of lines: geometric and graphic. The geometric line is the intersection between two planes. Geometric line2. The line
  • 16. The graphic line can have a great assortment of shapes, colours and textures, and its trace can be done using a lot of different tools.2. The line
  • 17. Intensity: depends on the pression we are doing with the drawing tool (pencil, brush, crayon...). If we press, the line is stronger: it has a higher intensity.Line’s characteristics
  • 18. Thickness: as bigger is the line’s intensity, as thicker is the line: when we press, the line is more instense and thick.Line’s characteristics
  • 19. Colour and uniformityLine’s characteristics
  • 20. ◦ Using different tools and materials for drawing, we can get different types of lines. ◦ Lines can express ideas, emotions and feelings. ◦ Lines show the personality of the artist, as a signature does.Types of lines and expressivity
  • 21. The lines can be horizontal, vertical, oblique or curved. ◦ Horinzontal lines express sensation of peace, quietness and coldness.Types of lines: horizontal lines
  • 22. o Vertical lines express strength, elegance, spirituality.Types of lines: vertical lines
  • 23.  Oblique lines transmit sensation of inestability. If they begin at the same point, they give us sensation of depth.Types of lines: oblique lines
  • 24.  Curved lines give us sensation of movement.Types of lines: curved lines
  • 25. ◦ In drawing and painting, lines are used to represent shapes. ◦ They also can be used as guides in a composition: they are called master lines or strength lines.Lines in art creation
  • 26. ◦ In Art History there have been art styles that have used lines as very important elements. ◦ Modernism: begins at the end of XIXth century, and lines are everywhere. Modernists like wavy and sinuous lines.  “The life tree” by Gustav KlimtLines in art creation
  • 27.  Modernists also build buildings full of wavy lines.  “Parc Güell”, by Antoni Gaudí.Lines in art creation
  • 28. Neoplasticism: A Dutch painter called Piet Mondrian (1872-1944) was the first who painted using only vertical and horizontal lines, and only a few colours (white, black, red, blue and yellow).Lines in art creation
  • 29. Look at this cartoon about types of line. It reproduces a painting of Franz Marc (1880-1916), an expressionist german painter. Tiger, by Franz MarcCuriosities
  • 30. Activities from “The Artist’s Toolkit”Choose a picture of a magazine and draw it using lines. Use felt-tip pens.Activities