In this unit we’re goingto… Learn about light as a physical phenomenon. Learn about primary, secondary and tertiarycolours. Know the importance of colours in ArtCreation. Discover some artists who have used coloursin different ways. Practise using only primary colours.
Colour is importantbecause... Everything in our world iscoloured. Colours give usinformation about whatwe are looking at. Colour is one of the mostimportantcharacteristichs ofthings. Colour is one of the mostimportant elements ofvisual language.
Colours as physicalphenomena Have you ever seen the rainbow? In therainbow we can find all the colours of theworld. Light is made of all the colours mixtedtogether. When light crosses a water drop, lightdiscomposes (breaks down) in all the colours.
PRIMARY COLOURS Primary colours are magenta, yellow andcyan blue. They are the “original” colours: they can’t beobtained by the mixture of any other colours.
SECONDARY COLOURS The combination of any two primary colourscreate a secondary colour. Secondary colours are: red, violet and green. Magenta + yellow = red Magenta + cyan blue= violet Yellow + cyan blue = green
TERTIARY COLOURS All the other colours except white and black(orange, light blue, dark blue, light green,dark green, brown, pink,...) can be obtainedby mixing primary and secondary colours.We call them tertiary colours.
WHITE AND BLACK White, black and grey are defined as neutralor achromatic colours. All colours mixed together form white light.So, white colour contens all the colours. Black is the absence of light. If there is nolight, we can’t see any colour.
THE COLOUR TRIANGLE The colour triangle shows the primarycolours, the secondary colours and thetertiary colours. We find the primary colours in the vertex, thesecondary between them, and the tertiarycolours inside.
COLOUR IN ART CREATION Impressionism (19th century) Impressionists used contrast colours in theircreations. They were the first artists doing this.Vincent Van Gogh – Wheat field with crows
ImpressionismClaude Monet - Water Lilies 1Auguste Renoir – A girl with a watering can
Fauvism (the wild beasts) In early 20th century (1905), some French artists paintedusing wide brushstrokes and complementary colours. They believed incolour as anemotional force.André Derain –Mountains at Colliure
FauvismHenri Matisse – Green Stripe WomanFranz Marc – Red and blue
Sonia and Robert Delaunay Sonia and Robert Delaunaywere a couple of Frenchartists. They lived at the end of19th century and beginningof 20th century, and wereinspired by some differentart styles like cubism,pointillism andimpressionism. They used pure colours asthe most importantelements of their creations.Robert Delaunay – Joie de Vivre
Activities1. Mixing primary colours. In an A4 cardboard, useyour compass to draw 9circles in 3 lines. Paint 2circles in every line with 2primary colours (forexample, blue andmagenta), and the thirdcircle with their mixture.2. Building a ColourTriangle.
Activities3. In Sonia and RobertDelaunay’s way Using only primarycolours and theirmixtures, black andwhite (withoutmixing),get inspired byRobert and SoniaDelaunay art creationsto paint your ownartwork.