Stages of language developmentPresentation Transcript
Dolly Ramos Gallego Stages of Language Development L1
FIRST LANGUAGE ACQUISITION In nearly all cases, childrens language development follows a predictable sequence. However, there is a great deal of variation in the age There are many different ways to characterize the developmental sequence: Ages and Stages developmental milestones for receptive & expressive language acquisition (1998) Caroline Bowen
Lev Vygotsky Childs Lg does not deal with fixed stages of development but describes “leading activities” typical of certain age periods around which intellectual development is organized.
Roger Brown The stages provide a framework within which to understand and predict the path that normal expressive language development usually takes, in terms of morphology and syntax
Stage Typical Description ageBabbling 6-8 months Repetitive CV patternsOne-word stage 9-18 months Single open-class words or word stems(better one-morphemeor one-unit)or holophrastic stageTwo-words stage 18-24 "mini-sentences" with simple semantic months relationsTelegraphic stage 24-30 "Telegraphic" sentence structuresor early multiword stage months oflexical rather(better multi-morpheme) than functional orgrammatical morphemesLater multiword stage 30+ months Grammatical or functional structures emerge
F year of life irst Include gestures eye contact sound repartee between infant and caregiver, cooing, babbling and crying. Dadadada, mamamama and waaaah.
The One-Word Sentence
The Two-Word SentenceSentences = noun or verb + modifier.Meaning is more complex according to the context Sentence-More sugar! -Imperative- -Imperative- Not egg Negative- Negative-•Where ball Interrogative- Interrogative- Doggy big Declarative Declarative 18 months
Multiple-Word SentencesTelegraphic. "telegraphic economy of words" Grammatical errors Subject and a predicate. the sentences: "Doggy is big" "Where is ball?" "That is not egg" "I want more sugar" 2 and 2 and a half "I catched it" years old. "I falling"
More Complex Grammatical Structures2 and half and 3 years oldMommy: "emma, i think you gave daddy your cold" emma: "well I didnt want it anymore" More intricate and complex grammatical structures. "Read it, my book" -Conjunction. "Where is Daddy?" -Questions "I cant play" -Negative. "Take me to the shop" -Uses preposition of place.
Adult-Like Language Structures 5 to 6 years old. Complex structural distinctions Change the word order in the sentence . ou think n’t y erinasDo ball "Ask her what time it is." boy uld be "He promised to help her." sho yrinas? o c al led B
Resources http://www.edublox.com/language-development.htm (Brown, R. (1973). A first language: The early stages. London: George Allen & Unwin Ltd). www.youtube.com