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Qualitative

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  • 1. QUALITATIVE
  • 2. NATURAL OBSERVATION MEANING UNDERSTANDING
  • 3.  Reveal how all the parts work together to form a whole. “Meaning is embedded in people’s experiences and this meaning is mediated through the investigator’s own perceptions “ Patton (1985)
  • 4.  Understanding the meaning of people have constructed. Researcher is the primary instrument for data collection and analysis. Involves fieldwork. Primarily employs an inductive research strategy The product of a qualitative study is richly descriptive.
  • 5.  What it means for participants to be in that setting. What their lives are like. What ‘s going on for them. What their meanings are. What the world looks like in the participant setting.
  • 6. Basicor GenericEthnographyPhenomenologyGrounded TheoryCase study
  • 7. CONTROLED QUESTIONARIES DEDUCTIVE
  • 8. The aim is to classify features, count them, and constructstatistical models in an attempt to explain what is observed.
  • 9. All aspects of the study are carefullydesigned before data is collected.Researcher knows clearly inadvance what he/she is looking for.
  • 10. Researcher uses tools, such asquestionnaires or equipment tocollect numerical data.Data is in the form of numbers andstatistics.
  • 11. measurement & analysis of targetconcepts, e.g., usessurveys, questionnaires etcQuantitative data is moreefficient, able to test hypotheses, butmay miss contextual detail.
  • 12. Mixed methods research is aresearch design with philosophicalassumptions as well as methods of inquiry.
  • 13. •The techniques or methods of collecting and analyzing data.•Quantitative and qualitative methods
  • 14. •As a methodology, it involvesphilosophical assumptions that guide the direction of the collection and analysis of data and the mixture of qualitative and quantitative approaches in many phases in the research process.
  • 15. •As a method, it focuses on collecting, analyzing, and mixing both quantitative and qualitative data in a single study or series of studies.
  • 16. •Its central premise is that the use ofquantitative and qualitative approaches in combination provides a better understanding of research problems than either approach alone.
  • 17. Language of headingsLook at the tittles of the sections of both articles:  what are the differences in the language the authors used for the sections?Can you judge whether an article is QL or QT from the section tittles?
  • 18. LOOK AT THE RESEARCHQUESTIONS IN THE TWO ARTICLES.What differences do you notice?
  • 19. Read the FINDINGS in Garcia &Lopez Velasquez (2003) and inCohen & Rodriguez (1998)What differences do you notice?
  • 20. Fran. Meriam, S:B (1998) Qualitative Research And CaseStudy Applications In Education. San Francisco, CA:Tossey- Brass

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