QUALITATIVE
NATURAL OBSERVATION     MEANING            UNDERSTANDING
   Reveal how all the parts work together to    form a whole.   “Meaning is embedded in people’s    experiences and this...
 Understanding the meaning of people  have constructed. Researcher is the primary instrument for  data collection and an...
 What it means for participants to be in  that setting. What their lives are like. What ‘s going on for them. What the...
Basicor GenericEthnographyPhenomenologyGrounded TheoryCase study
CONTROLED     QUESTIONARIES            DEDUCTIVE
The aim is to classify features,   count them, and constructstatistical models in an attempt  to explain what is observed.
All aspects of the study are carefullydesigned before data is collected.Researcher knows clearly inadvance what he/she is ...
Researcher uses tools, such asquestionnaires or equipment tocollect numerical data.Data is in the form of numbers andstati...
measurement & analysis of targetconcepts, e.g., usessurveys, questionnaires etcQuantitative data is moreefficient, able to...
Mixed methods research is aresearch design with philosophicalassumptions as well as methods of             inquiry.
•The techniques or methods of  collecting and analyzing data.•Quantitative and qualitative methods
•As a methodology, it involvesphilosophical assumptions that guide the direction of the collection and analysis of data an...
•As a method, it focuses on collecting,     analyzing, and mixing both quantitative and qualitative data in a   single stu...
•Its central premise is that the use ofquantitative and qualitative approaches in       combination provides a better unde...
Language of headingsLook at the tittles of the sections of both                  articles:     what are the differences i...
LOOK AT THE RESEARCHQUESTIONS IN THE TWO       ARTICLES.What differences do you         notice?
Read the FINDINGS in Garcia &Lopez Velasquez (2003) and inCohen & Rodriguez (1998)What differences do you notice?
Fran. Meriam, S:B (1998) Qualitative Research And CaseStudy Applications In Education. San Francisco, CA:Tossey- Brass
Qualitative
Qualitative
Qualitative
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Qualitative

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Qualitative

  1. 1. QUALITATIVE
  2. 2. NATURAL OBSERVATION MEANING UNDERSTANDING
  3. 3.  Reveal how all the parts work together to form a whole. “Meaning is embedded in people’s experiences and this meaning is mediated through the investigator’s own perceptions “ Patton (1985)
  4. 4.  Understanding the meaning of people have constructed. Researcher is the primary instrument for data collection and analysis. Involves fieldwork. Primarily employs an inductive research strategy The product of a qualitative study is richly descriptive.
  5. 5.  What it means for participants to be in that setting. What their lives are like. What ‘s going on for them. What their meanings are. What the world looks like in the participant setting.
  6. 6. Basicor GenericEthnographyPhenomenologyGrounded TheoryCase study
  7. 7. CONTROLED QUESTIONARIES DEDUCTIVE
  8. 8. The aim is to classify features, count them, and constructstatistical models in an attempt to explain what is observed.
  9. 9. All aspects of the study are carefullydesigned before data is collected.Researcher knows clearly inadvance what he/she is looking for.
  10. 10. Researcher uses tools, such asquestionnaires or equipment tocollect numerical data.Data is in the form of numbers andstatistics.
  11. 11. measurement & analysis of targetconcepts, e.g., usessurveys, questionnaires etcQuantitative data is moreefficient, able to test hypotheses, butmay miss contextual detail.
  12. 12. Mixed methods research is aresearch design with philosophicalassumptions as well as methods of inquiry.
  13. 13. •The techniques or methods of collecting and analyzing data.•Quantitative and qualitative methods
  14. 14. •As a methodology, it involvesphilosophical assumptions that guide the direction of the collection and analysis of data and the mixture of qualitative and quantitative approaches in many phases in the research process.
  15. 15. •As a method, it focuses on collecting, analyzing, and mixing both quantitative and qualitative data in a single study or series of studies.
  16. 16. •Its central premise is that the use ofquantitative and qualitative approaches in combination provides a better understanding of research problems than either approach alone.
  17. 17. Language of headingsLook at the tittles of the sections of both articles:  what are the differences in the language the authors used for the sections?Can you judge whether an article is QL or QT from the section tittles?
  18. 18. LOOK AT THE RESEARCHQUESTIONS IN THE TWO ARTICLES.What differences do you notice?
  19. 19. Read the FINDINGS in Garcia &Lopez Velasquez (2003) and inCohen & Rodriguez (1998)What differences do you notice?
  20. 20. Fran. Meriam, S:B (1998) Qualitative Research And CaseStudy Applications In Education. San Francisco, CA:Tossey- Brass

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