• Organize those in support of a particular position, HOW TO those against, and those WRITE A LR? offering alternative theses entirely WHY WRITING A LR?• analyse critically published articles WHAT IS IT? through summary, classification and comparison • Any collection of material • examination of the research that has been conducted in a particular field of study. • Combies Sum /Synthesis • Dialogue among authors and researchers
Academic Research and Lit Review PAPERS Lit Review academic Argument of Your Own others ideas Arguments Briefly recapping the main points in Summary your own words. Bringing together information from several sources to make a new point. (You relate the effect the movie had on you to something you read about in a psychology course) Synthesize
It provides a handy guide to a particular topic It emphasizes on the credibility of the study It gives a solid background for research papers
Current Narrow sources the topicFind model Depends on the field Medicine = important Limit the scope of Humanities= RelevantGet sense of the your studytype of themes Ask expertsor organize
• What issuesFind the focus connect to your study Construct a • Not an argument working thesis but a particular statement perspective • Intro Consider • Body organization • Conclusion Organizational Chonological Method Thematic Methodological Others
Conclusions as to which pieces are Explanation of make the how each work greatest is similar to contribution to Division of and how it the works into varies from the understanding categories others and (those in development of support, those their area ofOverview of research against, andthe those offeringsubject, issu alternativee or theory theses)
identify gapsideas for reinventing future the wheelprojects Why a lit review? Incorporate identify others’ areas of works controversy
How to structure a literature review Broad introduction to topic At the end of your literature review the reader must have only one thought inlevel of their heads…….detail DO I HAVE ENOUGH INFORMATION OF Specific information THE TOPIC? of the topic
Problem formulation- which topic or fieldis being examined and what are itscomponent issues? Literature search—finding materials relevant to the subject being explored Data evaluation—determining which literature makes a significant contribution to the understanding of the topic Analysis and interpretation—discussing the findings and conclusions of pertinent literature
SOURCES FOR THE LITERATURE REVIEW TWO TYPES OF SOURCESREFERENCES ACTUAL• Indices •Journals articles•Computer searches •Discussed sources•Bibliography list •Reviews•Personal Conferences •Edited collections•Underground Press •Books
Material- collect information from journal papers, conference papers, books, media releases, websites, bibliographies, personal conferecesProvenance— Who wrote it and why did they write it ? What are the authors credentials? Are the authors arguments supported by evidence (e.g.primary historical material, case studies, narratives, statistics, recent scientific findings)? Validity- When was it published (and what info has come out since)? Where was it published and how was it reviewed/edited (i.e. journal paper )?
READING THE LITERATURE Locate the material/determine relevancy How much reviewing Which references Which aspects DETERMINING THE RELEVANCE OF THE MATERIAL Directly related Source of the report Journals aimed at Researchers Well known and highly valued Primary sources versus Secondary sources
ORGANIZING AND REPORTING THE REVIEW OF LITERATURE ORGANIZATION amount of information specific variables chronologically or historically REPORTING THE LITERATURE REVIEW Section of the research ( describes and synthesize) Focus briefly on major findings
Samples of Thesis Statements The current trend in treatment for congestive heart failure combines surgery and medicine More and more culture studies scholars are accepting popular media as a subject worthy of academic consideration
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