STYLES Tendencia or preferences that diefferences you from someone else PROCESS STRATEGIES Assosiation, tansfer Specific methods or modes of operating to achieve an end or solving a problem. Stimulus –responde “that vary” reacting to reinforcementAbility of seven inteligences In the Learning of Second lg
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Keefe (1979): LS might be thought of as cognitive, affective, and physiological characteristic that are relatively stable indicators of how a learner perceives, interacts with, and responds to the learning environment. Steward and Felicetti (1992): LS are the educational conditions under which a student is most likely to learn. The most important thing is not what, it is how. Others have identified enumerate many other LS such as:Sensory, communicative, cultural, affective cognitive among others
Distinguish wholes + Perceives the whole pic from parts Tunnel vision – One is more dominant in adulthood Increases with age Affetive Charact: Affetive Charac: ◦ Social ◦ independent ◦ To derive self identiy from ◦ competitive others, empathy ◦ Self confident Field Independent Field dependent
Academic Personal Professional advantages advantages advantages•Overcome • Motivation for • Manage teamslimitations and learning • Delivers effectivemaximizing • Improve self- presentationslearning potential confidence and self- • Gain over the• Reduces esteem competitionfrustration andstress level•
Most students are unaware of their learning styles and if left to their own means, they are unlikely to start learning in new ways. For that reason, it is necessary that students know about their learning style.
Some students aredifferent from others.As a teacher youcan apply differentmethods.
)These learners need to see the teachers body language and facial expression to fully understand lecture or classroom discussion, visual learners often prefer to take detailed notes to absorb the information. d. They prefer sitting at the front of the classroom to avoid visual obstructions They may think in pictures and learn best from visual displays. DuringCharacteristics• Like to read •See what they are reading• Close their eyes to visualize or remember •Notice details• Tend to value planning and organization • Are meticulous, neat in appearance• • Find something to watch when bored • Find quiet, passive surroundings ideal
They learn best through verbal lectures, discussions, talking things through and listening to what others have to say. Auditory learners interpret the underlying meanings of speech through listening to tone of voice, pitch, speed and other tones. Written information may have little meaning until it is heard. These learners often benefit from reading text aloud and using a tape recorder .Characteristics• Sit where they can hear • Are most likely to read aloud• Enjoy music • Are easily distracted by noises• Enjoy listening activities • Enjoy talking• Hum or talk to themselves or others when bored May not coordinate colors or clothes, but can explain what they are wearingand why
learn through , moving, doing and touching... Tactile/Kinesthetic persons learn best through a hands-on approach, actively exploring the physical world around them. They may find it hard to sit still for long periods and may become distracted by their need for activity and exploration.Characteristics• Speak with their hands and with gestures• Remember what was done but have difficulty recalling what was said or seen•Rely on what they can directly experience, do, or perform•Are uncomfortable in classrooms where they lack hands-on experience• Like physical rewards• Need to be active and in motion
http://www.ldpride.net/Understanding-Learning- Styles.pdf http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Visual_learning http://agelesslearner.com/assess/learningstyle.ht ml http://nwlink.com/~donclark/hrd/styles.html Second language acquisition, Rod Ellis