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Fossilization
 

Fossilization

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    Fossilization Fossilization Presentation Transcript

    •  
    • The learner builds up her own rules and speaks a language which is neither the Target language - the L2 - nor the mother tongue. through using a series of strategies that help her communicate and learn the language.
      • Strategies used by learners ( corder)
      • The use of L1 (interference) can hinder communication.
      • The use of the TL (overgeneralization)
      • It is not always simple to determine when the learner might be using these strategies
      • Errors occur due to interference errors or
      • development of errors
            • the interlanguage may include several competing hypotheses from L1
      • Acquisition (The next stage)
      • Tarone, learner is not simply a language learning machine that is, he does not simply absorb syntax, phonology and lexicon. “ he is an actor in the social world”
      • how to do what , and when
      • Tarone holds that new language can enter the learner's system in one of two ways :
      • directly into the informal style , lg being acquired in the 'natural' order
      • into the most formal style , and only used when the learner is paying close attention to speech
    •  
    • THE TERM, BORROWED FROM THE FIELD OF PALEONTOLOGY … EARLIER LANGUAGE FORMS THAT BECOME ENCASED IN A LEARNER’S INTERLANGUAGE
    • What is fossilization
      • It refers to the process in which the ss has more and more difficulty furthering in the TL, until he can’t learn no more
      • Aspects of lg that were learned incompletely or incorrectly , such as gr, vbs, pron, idiom, vocab.
    • Why Does Fossilization Happen?
      • There's no real rule determining when we begin to fossilize. (interlg)
      • Most often occurs in an inadequate learning environment.
      • Many aspects of a lg simply cannot be taught in a classroom
      • still occur despite complete emersion (immigrants).
    • Why Does Fossilization Happen
      • There's no real rule determining when we begin to fossilize. (interlg)
      • Most often occurs in an inadequate learning environment.
      • Many aspects of a lg simply cannot be taught in a classroom
      • still occur despite complete emersion (immigrants).
    • Fossilizable linguistic phenomena are linguistic items, rules and subsystems which speakers of a particular NL will tend to keep in their IL relative to a particular TL, no matter what the age of the learner or amount of explanation and instruction he receives in the TL.
    • Critical Period Hypothesis
      • It is unavoidable in individuals who learns a lg beyond the CPH
      • those within the CPH are not universally untouchable to the effect.
    • Factors which intervene in the process, and which may either induce fossilization or prevent it - affective factors - amount of exposure - opportunities for expression - negative feedback - absence or presence of pressure on communication
    •  
      • Give feedback as soon as possible after
      • Describe what you observed using
      • your notes
      • Focus on tasks, activities,
      • Comment and ask questions
      • Give advice and suggestions if ss asks for these
      • Be open
      • Accept
      • Listen
      • Reflect
      • Explore
      • Commit
      • What are the benefits to you both?
      • What have you learnt?
      • How will you use what you have learnt to help you develop?
      • Will you do it again?
      • Will you do it differently next time?
      • Will you recommend it to your colleagues?
    • Mer ry Chris tmas