APA WRITING GUIDELINESwww.vanguard.edu/psychology/Click on APA
General GuidelinesMarginsFont size and typeSpacingAlignmentParagraph indentationPaginationManuscript page header
General Guidelines1 inch all sides Indent 5-7 spaces12-pt font Page number 1 inch fromTimes Roman or Courier right edgeDouble space First 2 or 3 words of title 5 spaces to left of pageFlush left only number
Title PagePaginationKey elementsArticle titleAuthor(s)Institutional affiliationRunning head
Title PageTitle page is page 1 Affiliation – centeredPaper title, author and following authoraffiliation “Running head” – flushTitle - centered left all uppercaseuppercase/lowercase Line below page headerAuthor - Centered Less than 50 charactersfollowing title
BodyBody begins page 3 Main headings –Title is centered on first - Centeredline - Upper/lowercase Subheadings – underlinedIntroduction is not – Flush leftlabeled – Upper/lowercase – 2nd subheading indented 5 spaces, underlined, Upper/lowercase followed by a period.
Text CitationsSources are part of the formal structure of thesentenceSources are not part of the formal structure ofthe sentenceSource has two authorsSource has three, four or five authorsSource has six or more authors
Ideas & Words of OthersWirth and Mitchel (1994) Previous are orderedfound that although… alphabetically by 1st..higher levels of physical authors’ surname.and mental health 3-5 authors – all included(Gartner, Larson, &Allen, 1991; Koenig, first time. Second time1990; Levin & first author and et al.Vanderpool, 1991; year.Payne, Bergin, Bielema 6 or more – “et al.” used& Jenkins, 1991). every time cited.
QuotationsFewer than 40 wordsGreater than 40 words
Quotations40 words or less Greater than 40 words– Enclose in double - in block format quotation marks - Each line indented 5– Incorporate in sentence spaces from left margin…had ”less congestive heart failure…” (Byrd, 1988, p. - No quotation marks 829).
ReferencesBegins on a new page Author(s) – useReferences centered surnames and initialsHanging indent Separate authors with commaAlphabetical No author - title of document begins Year (1991). - Period
ExamplesJournal articleGuess, K., & Pevoto, A. (2001). Management communication. Journal of Business, 12, 512-518BookGuess, A. K. (2001). Business communication (2nd ed.), Boston: Allyn and Bacon.Web Document – univ/dept. web siteDegelman, D., & Harris, M. L. (2000). APA style essentials. Retrieved May 18, 2000, from Vanguard University, Department of Psychology Web site: http://www.vanguard.edu/faculty/ddegelman/index.cfm?doc id=796
Examples (Cont’d.)Web document – no dateNielsen, M. E. (n.d.). Notable people in psychology. Retired August 3, 2001, from http://www.psywww.com/psyrelig/psyrelpr.htmJournal article from databaseHien,D., & Honeyman, T. (2000). A closer look at drug abuse. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 15, 503-522. Retrieved May 20, 2000 from ProQuest database.Article/chapter in edited bookShen, J. D. (1992). Religion and sexual adjustment. In J. F. Schumaker (Ed.), Religion and Mental Health (pp. 70-84). New York: Oxford University Press.
Tables and FiguresExample of:http://www.vanguard.edu/psychology/table.pdf
FootnotesFootnotes centered on a separate page.Numbered the same as in the text.