Forty Most FrequentPrefixes and Suffixes Word Beginnings and Endings You Can Really Use
What Are Prefixes?• Prefixes are first syllables like “non-” and “re-” that have their own meaning.• Prefixes combine with words to create new meanings. 1. Pre + View = Preview (first look) 2. Super + Star = Superstar (top player)
Why Learn Prefixes?• Prefixes add meaning to thousands of words.• Learn a few prefixes, and you open up the meaning of thousands of words.• The four most frequent prefixes are 97% of prefixed words!
Most Common Prefixes• Anti = against : anti-war• De = opposite : destroy• Dis* = not, opposite of : disagree• En(m) = cause to : encode, embrace• Fore = before : forecast• In(m) = in : intake, implant• Inter = between : interact
Do you know common prefixes?• Anti A. between• De B. cause to• Dis* C. against• En(m) D. in• Fore E. before• In(m) F. not• Inter G. opposite
Most Common Prefixes• Mid = Middle : Midway• Mis = Wrongly : Mistake• Non = Not : Nonsense• Over = Over : Overlook• Pre = Before : Preview• Re* = Again : Return• Semi = Half : Semicircle
Do you know common prefixes?1. Mid • Wrong2. Mis • Center• Non • Not• Over • Half12. Pre • Again13. Re • Above14. Semi • Before
Most Common Prefixes15. Sub = Under : Submarine16. Super = Above: Superstar17. Trans = Across : Transport18. Un* = Not : Unfriendly19. Under = Under : Undersea20. In, Im, Il, Ir * = Not : Injustice, Impossible, Illiterate, Irreligious.
Do you know common prefixes?15. Sub • Across16. Super • Not17. Trans • Below18. Un • Not19. Under • Above20. In, Il, Ir • Below
What Are Suffixes?• Suffixes are last syllables like “ed” and “ly” that have their own meaning.• Suffixes combine with words to create new meanings. 1. Turn + ed = Turned (in the past) 2. Quick + ly = Quickly (how it turned)
Why Learn Suffixes?• Suffixes add meaning to thousands of words.• Learn a few Suffixes, and you open up the meaning of thousands of words.• The four most frequent suffixes are 97% of suffixed words!
Most Common Suffixes• -able, ible = can be done : doable• -al, ial = has property of : personal• -ed* = past verb : turned• -en = made of : golden• -er = comparative : higher• -er = one who : doer, actor• -est = superlative : best, biggest
Do you know common suffixes?1. -able a. Past2. -al b. Made of3. -ed c. Having4. -en d. One who5. -er e. Comparative6. -er f. Can7. -est g. Superlative
Most Common Suffixes8. –ful = full of : careful, joyful9. –ic = having property of : linguistic10. –ing* = present participle : running11. –(t)ion = act, process : action12. –(i)ty = state of : infinity, sanity13. –(t)ive = adjective : motive, votive14. –less = without : fearless, careless
Do you know common suffixes?8. –ful a. Present participle9. –ic b. State of10. –ing* c. Without11. –(t)ion d. Having12. –(i)ty property of e. Full of13. –(t)ive f. Act14. –less g. Adjective h. Without
Most Common Suffixes15. –ly* = having : quickly, quietly16. –ment = action, process : enjoyment17. –ness = state of : kindness18. –ous = having : joyous, religious19. –s* = more than one : books20. –y = having : happy, windy Use these suffixes correctly, and you look and sound pretty smart.
Do you know common suffixes?15. –ly* a. Action16. –ment b. Having c. Having17. –ness d. Plural18. –ous e. State of19. –s* f. Having20. –y
Can you use common affixes?1. I have a different idea; I __agree.2. That can’t be; it’s just __possible.3. Say that again; please __peat it.4. Aliens look bad; they are __friendly.5. Tina took the car since she want__ it.6. Now the car is run__ down the road.7. Tina is in a hurry; she’s driving quick__.8. Do you think that she has any ticket__?