Forty Most FrequentPrefixes and Suffixes Word Beginnings and Endings     You Can Really Use
What Are Prefixes?•   Prefixes are first syllables like    “non-” and “re-” that have their    own meaning.•   Prefixes co...
Why Learn Prefixes?•   Prefixes add meaning to    thousands of words.•   Learn a few prefixes, and you    open up the mean...
Most Common Prefixes•   Anti = against : anti-war•   De = opposite : destroy•   Dis* = not, opposite of : disagree•   En(m...
Do you know common prefixes?•   Anti       A. between•   De         B.   cause to•   Dis*       C.   against•   En(m)     ...
Most Common Prefixes•    Mid = Middle : Midway•    Mis = Wrongly : Mistake•    Non = Not : Nonsense•    Over = Over : Over...
Do you know common prefixes?1. Mid         • Wrong2. Mis         •   Center• Non          •   Not• Over         •   Half12...
Most Common Prefixes15. Sub = Under : Submarine16. Super = Above: Superstar17. Trans = Across : Transport18. Un* = Not : U...
Do you know common prefixes?15.   Sub          • Across16.   Super        •   Not17.   Trans        •   Below18.   Un     ...
What Are Suffixes?• Suffixes are last syllables like “ed”  and “ly” that have their own  meaning.• Suffixes combine with w...
Why Learn Suffixes?•   Suffixes add meaning to    thousands of words.•   Learn a few Suffixes, and you    open up the mean...
Most Common Suffixes•   -able, ible = can be done : doable•   -al, ial = has property of : personal•   -ed* = past verb : ...
Do you know common suffixes?1.   -able     a.   Past2.   -al       b.   Made of3.   -ed       c.   Having4.   -en       d....
Most Common Suffixes8. –ful = full of : careful, joyful9. –ic = having property of : linguistic10. –ing* = present partici...
Do you know common suffixes?8. –ful        a. Present                  participle9. –ic         b. State of10. –ing*      ...
Most Common Suffixes15. –ly* = having : quickly, quietly16. –ment = action, process : enjoyment17. –ness = state of : kind...
Do you know common suffixes?15. –ly*       a.   Action16. –ment      b.   Having               c.   Having17. –ness      d...
Can you use common affixes?1.   I have a different idea; I __agree.2.   That can’t be; it’s just __possible.3.   Say that ...
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Affixes

  1. 1. Forty Most FrequentPrefixes and Suffixes Word Beginnings and Endings You Can Really Use
  2. 2. What Are Prefixes?• Prefixes are first syllables like “non-” and “re-” that have their own meaning.• Prefixes combine with words to create new meanings. 1. Pre + View = Preview (first look) 2. Super + Star = Superstar (top player)
  3. 3. Why Learn Prefixes?• Prefixes add meaning to thousands of words.• Learn a few prefixes, and you open up the meaning of thousands of words.• The four most frequent prefixes are 97% of prefixed words!
  4. 4. Most Common Prefixes• Anti = against : anti-war• De = opposite : destroy• Dis* = not, opposite of : disagree• En(m) = cause to : encode, embrace• Fore = before : forecast• In(m) = in : intake, implant• Inter = between : interact
  5. 5. Do you know common prefixes?• Anti A. between• De B. cause to• Dis* C. against• En(m) D. in• Fore E. before• In(m) F. not• Inter G. opposite
  6. 6. Most Common Prefixes• Mid = Middle : Midway• Mis = Wrongly : Mistake• Non = Not : Nonsense• Over = Over : Overlook• Pre = Before : Preview• Re* = Again : Return• Semi = Half : Semicircle
  7. 7. Do you know common prefixes?1. Mid • Wrong2. Mis • Center• Non • Not• Over • Half12. Pre • Again13. Re • Above14. Semi • Before
  8. 8. Most Common Prefixes15. Sub = Under : Submarine16. Super = Above: Superstar17. Trans = Across : Transport18. Un* = Not : Unfriendly19. Under = Under : Undersea20. In, Im, Il, Ir * = Not : Injustice, Impossible, Illiterate, Irreligious.
  9. 9. Do you know common prefixes?15. Sub • Across16. Super • Not17. Trans • Below18. Un • Not19. Under • Above20. In, Il, Ir • Below
  10. 10. What Are Suffixes?• Suffixes are last syllables like “ed” and “ly” that have their own meaning.• Suffixes combine with words to create new meanings. 1. Turn + ed = Turned (in the past) 2. Quick + ly = Quickly (how it turned)
  11. 11. Why Learn Suffixes?• Suffixes add meaning to thousands of words.• Learn a few Suffixes, and you open up the meaning of thousands of words.• The four most frequent suffixes are 97% of suffixed words!
  12. 12. Most Common Suffixes• -able, ible = can be done : doable• -al, ial = has property of : personal• -ed* = past verb : turned• -en = made of : golden• -er = comparative : higher• -er = one who : doer, actor• -est = superlative : best, biggest
  13. 13. Do you know common suffixes?1. -able a. Past2. -al b. Made of3. -ed c. Having4. -en d. One who5. -er e. Comparative6. -er f. Can7. -est g. Superlative
  14. 14. Most Common Suffixes8. –ful = full of : careful, joyful9. –ic = having property of : linguistic10. –ing* = present participle : running11. –(t)ion = act, process : action12. –(i)ty = state of : infinity, sanity13. –(t)ive = adjective : motive, votive14. –less = without : fearless, careless
  15. 15. Do you know common suffixes?8. –ful a. Present participle9. –ic b. State of10. –ing* c. Without11. –(t)ion d. Having12. –(i)ty property of e. Full of13. –(t)ive f. Act14. –less g. Adjective h. Without
  16. 16. Most Common Suffixes15. –ly* = having : quickly, quietly16. –ment = action, process : enjoyment17. –ness = state of : kindness18. –ous = having : joyous, religious19. –s* = more than one : books20. –y = having : happy, windy Use these suffixes correctly, and you look and sound pretty smart.
  17. 17. Do you know common suffixes?15. –ly* a. Action16. –ment b. Having c. Having17. –ness d. Plural18. –ous e. State of19. –s* f. Having20. –y
  18. 18. Can you use common affixes?1. I have a different idea; I __agree.2. That can’t be; it’s just __possible.3. Say that again; please __peat it.4. Aliens look bad; they are __friendly.5. Tina took the car since she want__ it.6. Now the car is run__ down the road.7. Tina is in a hurry; she’s driving quick__.8. Do you think that she has any ticket__?

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