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  1. 1. LexilesNoveList Plus reading (or audience) levels are determined by age, butreading abilities and interests vary widely within a specific age group.MetaMetrics is a North Carolina-based company that developed Lexileratings to measure how difficult a book is to comprehend and how well astudent can read. This measurement is used to determine how well thatstudent will likely understand a particular book. The Lexile Text Measureindicates the reading demand of the text in terms of semantic difficulty(word frequency) and syntactic complexity (sentence length). The Lexilescale ranges from below 200 for beginning reader material to above 1700for advanced text. Metametrics also uses additional Lexile Codes, oralphabetic designations to indicate special characteristics of the text.You can use Lexiles to find books that are at an appropriate level ofdifficulty for your child or student.Grade Level If Reader Measures Text Measure (Lexile Range)1 up to 300L 200L to 400L2 140L to 500L 300L to 500L3 330L to 700L 500L to 700L4 445L to 810L 650L to 850L5 565L to 910L 750L to 950L6 665L to 1000L 850L to 1050L7 735L to 1065L 950L to 1075L8 805L to 1100L 1000L to 1100L9 855L to 1165L 1050L to 1150L10 905L to 1195L 1100L to 1200L11-12 940L to 1210L 1100L to 1300LFor example, a father whose twelve-year old son is a reluctant reader buthas read and enjoyed Brian Selznicks The Invention of Hugo Cabret coulduse NoveList Plus to discover that The Invention of Hugo Cabret has aLexile rating of 820. This father could then enter “820” in the Lexile RangeSearch limiter at the Advanced Search page to retrieve only titles that arewithin his sons reading ability. Lexiles creators recommend one hundredpoints below and fifty points above the rating of 820. A search limited to aLexile range of 720-870 for books with twelve-year-old boys as charactersretrieves many potential titles.Beginning your search with a book your young reader has alreadyconquered will probably elicit the best results from Lexiles. The chart
  2. 2. above displays the typical Lexile measure of students and the typicalLexile measure of texts for a given grade level. You may also use thischart to estimate the readers Lexile range based on grade level. Keep inmind, however, that approximately 50% of students read at a higher orlower Lexile level than what is represented in the chart for their grade level.Not all students in the same grade level will read at the same Lexile level.Although Lexiles can assist you in finding titles by addressing theirreadability, these titles may not be appropriate for the intended audience ormaturity level. In NoveList Plus you can perform a search for all book titleswithin a certain Lexile range, as well as one that also restricts the results toa particular reading level.1.From the Advanced Search screen, at the "Limit your results" section you can define your Lexile range by either selecting a predefined range from the Lexile Reading Level limiter, or entering a score at the Lexile Range Search field. If you enter a score at the Lexile Range Search, NoveList Plus will automatically search a range one hundred points below and fifty points above the rating, as recommended by Lexiles creators.2.Also under the "Limit your results" section, use the checkboxes to select a reading level from the Audience limiter.3.Click the Search button.Learn more about how to equate Lexile scores to reading levels by readingMetaMetrics FAQ at http://www.lexile.com.Lexile CodesThe following designations are used in conjunction with the Lexile measureof a text to indicate special characteristics of the text.Adult-directed Text (AD): A text designated as “AD” is to be read to orwith readers. The following guidelines should be used when examining an"AD" text:• Text placement• Sentence length• Font size and placement• Basic word usage• Illustration context• Book sizeTexts designated as "AD" are useful when reading to a group, and can beused to improve listening comprehension skills (e.g., making predictions,
  3. 3. engaging in discussion, identifying meaning, and acquiring vocabulary).Non-conforming Text (NC): A text designated as "NC" consists ofsemantic difficulty (vocabulary) and syntactic complexity (sentence length)that is inconsistent with the publishers intended audience or designateddevelopmental level of the text. Typically these texts are written at a higherlevel than would be suggested by the content and format of the text. Textsdesignated as "NC" are useful when matching advanced readers with textat an appropriate developmental level.High-Low (HL): A text designated as "HL" has a Lexile measure muchlower than the average reading ability of the intended age range of itsreaders. High-Low books are those with “high-interest” and “low-readability.” These books are often useful in matching older struggling orreluctant readers with titles that are at the appropriate difficulty level andthe appropriate (often more mature) developmental level.Illustrated Glossary (IG): A text designated as "IG" consists ofindependent pieces of text such as the glossary of a book. Theseindependent pieces may be interchanged without affecting the flow of thetext. "IG" texts typically contain some or all of the following characteristics:• Technical vocabulary, definitions, and pronunciation guides are in parentheses or contrasting type (e.g., bold, italic).• Each topic is presented on one or two pages, with titles and/or captions for each paragraph.• Illustrations and diagrams are incorporated into the text.• Contains pull-quotes, factoids, and other categorical marginal notes.Usually nonfiction, texts designated as "IG" are good resources whenconducting research on an unfamiliar topic.Graphic Novel (GN): “GN” indicates a book that is a graphic novel orcomic book. The text is primarily in voice or thought bubbles integrated intocomic style, panel illustrations. Graphic novels tend to contain a largerpercentage of dialogue than most other genres of books.Beginning Reading (BR): A text designated as "BR" is any text that has aLexile measure of zero or below. The measure is shown only as "BR"without the zero or negative number appearing. These books areappropriate for the emergent reader. “BR” books are usually read aloud byan adult to or with the child, rather than used for independent reading.Non-prose Text (NP): A text designated as "NP" is any book whosecontent is over 50 percent non-standard or non-conforming prose. NP
  4. 4. books do not receive a Lexile measure, merely the NP code. Someexamples are poems, plays, songs, and books with non-standard or nopunctuation.For more information about the Lexile Framework, visit the MetaMetricswebsite at http://www.lexile.com.