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eLearning & Accessibility

eLearning & Accessibility



Adaptation of Web Accessibility Presentation for professional development and corporate eLearning.

Adaptation of Web Accessibility Presentation for professional development and corporate eLearning.



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  • The second point is why universal design is just good practice overall. Ron Mace – coiner of the term “universal design”: universal design is the the design of products and environments to be usable by all people, to the fullest extent possible, without the need for adaptation or specialized design.
  • Adapting pedagogy: Can I effectively adapt my personal teaching style to convey the same information in an asynchronous environment? Do my beliefs about the way students learn support online teaching? Constructivism may be the way to go here – you *can* establish a community that fosters collaborative learning online – but it takes purposeful effort on the part of the trainer AND the participants.
  • AccessIT article @ U of Washington, 2002 – National Center on Accessible Information Technology
  • Give learners “a way out” from every page, and think about how a learner who is not technologically literate may intuitively see the page. DON’T gray out the ‘Next’ button! Not everyone does a storyboard, but it helps!
  • Be aware of your learner population and the variety of difficulties associated with being required to take a course online. Even students dedicated to participation can be stumped by a lack of a cable/dsl modem; reliable transportation to campus to use the facilities, think ACCESS.
  • Note: Firefox does not pick up ALT tags, users must right click on graphics to see “Properties” An option for those creating audio is to run Dragon Naturally Speaking at the same time, but remember to go back and edit the file Adobe Captivate will voice your text, but if you wish to caption the file as well, remember to do this as two separate steps.
  • Heuristics use trial and error, user judgment, and experience to solve problems.

eLearning & Accessibility eLearning & Accessibility Presentation Transcript

  • What You Don’t Know CAN cost you! Accessibility and eLearning Lisa Richardson Academic & Technology Solutions, LLC Copyright (c) Lisa T. Richardson Reproduction with Permission and Citation
  • It cost Target $6 Million
    • eLearning saves on travel, time, and efficiency – great for business and ROI!
    • Many (most) software and eLearning designers do not plan ahead for the possibility of users with disabilities accessing content
    • How much will it cost YOUR company?
  • What is Web Accessibility?
    • The law.
      • Section 508: 1998 amendment to the Rehabilitation Act that requires federal agencies to make their electronic and information technologies accessible to people with disabilities
      • Designed to eliminate barriers to the effective use of technology
      • Universal design can mitigate or eliminate the cost of retrofitting a completed course to make it accessible – design it right, and you won’t have to fix it
  • World Wide Web Consortium (WC3)
    • Independent collaboration of developers, communications professionals, industry leaders, policy analysts, and researchers working to promote tools & products that optimize use of the web and related applications
    • Web Content Accessibility Guidelines
  • Before You Design That Course
    • What are the course objectives?
      • What do you want participants to learn?
      • How is the material best delivered F2F?
    • Establishing pedagogy in online delivery
      • How do YOU teach?
  • AccessIT’s Design Tips
    • Provide text alternatives for visual content
    • Caption or provide text alternatives for audio content
    • Avoid using color to convey important info
      • Use a cascading style sheet (.css) instead
    • Use relative (rather than absolute) units
      • 75% vs 400x680 pixels
      • Small, medium, large font sizes instead of 12, 14, 18 pt
    • Provide a clear, simple design
    National Center on Accessible Information Technology, University of Washington, 2002
  • A (very, very simple) Storyboard Home Page Course Map Objectives Section 1 Section 2 Resources
  • The Bells & Whistles
    • Judicious selection of “cool stuff”
      • Does this item require a high speed connection?
      • Will this slow down the overall loading of the page?
      • Can I deliver this content in another manner?
  • Flash CS4 Professional
    • CS4 is optimized for creating Rich Internet Applications (RIAs) that are accessible to users with disabilities
    • Tremendous support available from the Adobe Accessibility Resource Center
    • Creating Accesible Flash Tutorial - WebAIM
  • Accessibility & Usability
    • Good design addresses the needs of all possible users, without specifying “who uses what.”
    • That being said…
      • IDS Caption for .wmv
      • ALT tags
      • YouTube videos can now be closed captioned (but you still have to type the text yourself)
  • Testing for Accessibility & Usability
    • Heuristic evaluation
      • “ rules of thumb”
      • Evaluating courses for possible errors in user interface design
      • Through page statistics, assessment results
      • Utility, learnability, efficiency, retainability, error messaging, satisfaction
    • Who?
      • A test set of five users – Jakob Nielsen
      • Colleagues
      • LEARNERS
    • When?
      • ALWAYS
  • Q & A
    • What would make the implementation of accessible tools easier for you?
    • What would make accessible eLearning easier for you?
    • Questions for me? Each other?
  • Links & Learning Opportunities
    • AccessIT :
    • http://www.washington.edu/accessit
    • Web Accessibility Toolbar :
    • http://www.webaim.org/articles/ais/
    • Web Content Accessibility Guidelines :
    • http://www.w3.org/WAI/intro/wcag.php
    • Adobe Accessibility Resource Center :
    • http://www.adobe.com/accessibility/
    • CATEA Access eLearning Tutorial :
    • http://www.accesselearning.net/
    • Skills for Access :
    • http://www.skillsforaccess.org.uk/
    • Martyn Cooper’s Weblog :
    • http://martyncooper.wordpress.com/
    • Open University – OpenLearn Accessibility Tutorial :
    • http://openlearn.open.ac.uk/course/view.php?id=3049
  • Contact Info
    • Lisa T. Richardson
    • Academic & Technology Solutions
    • 191 Peachtree Street
    • Suite 3300
    • Atlanta, GA 30303
    • [email_address]
    • www.Academic-Tech.com
    • Twitter: @DoktaDivah/@ATS_Atlanta
    • LinkedIn: http://www.linkedin.com/in/lisatrichardson