PRAYER M Ü K A M K A R Ô TI VA C ÁL A MP A N G U M L A N G H A YA T Ä G IR IM YA T K R IP Á T A M A H A M VA N D Ä
Name of the disease & terminologies Etiology Physical examination, signs and symptoms Investigations Modern medical treatment Alternative therapies – Yoga management Diet Books and journals for reference
HEADACHEHeadache occurs in many medical disorders. Migraine headache Muscle contraction headache (tension headache) Cluster headache
MIGRAINE HEADACHE Migraine is a particular pattern of headache – nature, severity, frequency differs. Sites of migraine headaches Characteristics of migraine headaches
Age 20-60 years, common in women Neurological symptoms Vomiting One-sided headache Throbbing pain Lasts for few hours to three days Photophobia (shimmering lights) and phonophobia Premonitory symptoms Migraine in children
TRIGGERED BY HOT SUN HUNGER SHOPPING COMPUTER EYE STRAIN INSOMNIA EMOTIONS
ALCOHOL CHOCOLATECHEESECITRUS FRUIT MENSTRUATION
MIGRAINE TRIGGERS Stress mentalBright light or physical SleepLoudnoise Menstruation Strong smells in female Foods EXTERNAL INTERNAL
TREATMENT Pain killer, Control of nausea, Dark quiet place, Eye pads, Ear plugs, Ice packs, Ergot based drugs.
MUSCLE CONTRACTIONHEADACHE (TENSION HEADACHE) Has no other symptom beside headache Never wakes the patient at night Tension in neck muscles Family tendency Goes away on relaxation Neck massage, physiotherapy is useful Treatment – tranquilizers like diazepam, etc.
CLUSTER HEADACHE Series of headache in clusters lasting six to twelve weeks. Sufferer wakes up in the early morning Red-watery eye, stuffiness of nostril, drooping of eyelid may be seen. Common in men and smokers. Treatment – steroids, oxygen, ergotamine
SECONDARY HEADACHES Neuralgia Eye and ear problems Chinese restaurant syndrome (monosodium glutamate) Ice cream headache, etc.
YOGA PRACTICESYOGA IS BALANCE (SAMATVAM)I A Y T CORRECTS IMBALANCESAIMS :• STRESS REDUCTION• RELIEF OF PAIN• MEDICATION REDUCTION
Panchakosa concept P P ra ra n na a m m Á n a n d a m a ya K ô ù aV YÁ D H IS a a Á D H IJ A ya ya V ijò a n á n m a y M a n ôa K y aù K ô ù a ma ô a K K o o s sa a PERFEC T a s H E A L TH o K ya a m a n
ANNAMAYA KOSA KRIYAS Vamana dhouti once a week Performed at the beginning of headache can abate an attack. o KAPALABHATI o JALA NETI o TRATAKA AVOID DURING SEVERE H.A
AS ANASHEAD ROLLING --Massages the scalp muscleReleases pranic blocks
ASANASBASIC SET OF 12 ASANAS –Deep restSthira sukham ásanámStability and effortlessness inthe final position
ASANASBASIC SET OF 12 ASANAS - DEEP REST PRAYATNA SHAITHILYA RELAXATION ANANTA SAMAPATTI JOY OF EXPANSION
PRANAMAYA KOSAPRANA PRANIC IMBALANCE SAMANA ATIJERNATVAM APANA TOO MUCH OF PRANA DRAWN TO HEAD
PRANIC IMBALANCE PRANAYAMAPRANA SECTIONAL BREATHING - DIVERTS TO SAMANASAMANA SAV- RIGHT SIDED HEADACHE CAV- LEFT SIDED HEADACHEAPANA N S- BALANCE
MANOMAYA KOSAAim of IAYT in tension H.A= A bad habit of excessive focussing and speed= A good habit Of defocussing and expansion
VERY USEFUL TO SLOW DOWN MEDITATIONMOVE FROM DHARANA TO DHYANA FROM DHYANA TO SAMADHI
VIJNANAMAYA KOSA PURPOSE OF LIFENATURE OF HAPPINESS MEANING OF LIFE
ANANDAMAYA KOSA BLISS AND SATISFACTION IS MY TRUE NATUREYOGASTAH KURU KARMANILIFE OF JOY, HUMOUR,ACCEPTANCE, SURRENDER
INTEGRATED YOGA MODULE FOR HEADACHE AND NECK PAINLoosening and breathing exercises Loosening of fingers Loosening of wrists Rotation of shoulder Neck bending Neck rotation Pada sancalana Hand stretch breathing Tiger breathing Sasankasana breathing Head rolling Suryanamaskara
Avoid Supine postures – Dhanurasana Severe cases of headach and neck pain should also avoid Extreme forward bending Sutra Neti Vamana Dhouti
SPECIFIC PRACTICE Headache is usually but a symptom of disease somewhere in the body. Disease conditions and irritation anywhere in the system are telegraphed to headquarters in the brain and there manifest in the form of various symptoms, the most frequent of which is headache. Yoga aims at reducing chronic headaches by calming the mind. Breathing Exercises and Meditation can also provide relief.
For daily practice: Practice Jal Neti (Nasal cleansing) for immediate relief. Rechaka - Puraka Pranayama - corrects disorders of digestive system, circulatory and respiratory system. Shitali Pranayama - has a great soothing, relaxing and cooling effect on the whole body; helps people suffering from high blood pressure, gastric troubles, tension and anxiety.
Recommended Asana : Suryanaskara (Sun salutation) - invigorates the central nervous system. Bhujangasana (Cobra pose) - inwardly activates the whole of abdominal area, neck, shoulders, face and head areas. Shavasana.(Corpse Pose) - removes fatigue and quitens the mind ; must be practised at the end of asansa.