sanathana dharma
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sanathana dharma



sanathana dharma

sanathana dharma



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sanathana dharma sanathana dharma Presentation Transcript

  • By: Megan Mesler
  •  Date founded: earliest forms dated to the 1500 BC or earlier Date founded: India Founder: none Referred to as Sanatana Dharma "Hindu" is derived from the name of River Indus, which flows through northwestern India. the river was called the "Sindhu", but the Persians who migrated to India called the river "Hindu," the land "Hindustan" (Sanskrit, Hindi), and its inhabitants "Hindus"
  •  Hinduism God is One Hinduism believes that man are divine in nature They believe in reincarnation and rebirth Believe in incarnation concept with God Don’t believe in converting from one faith to another faith They believe in Reincarnation, Karma, and Dharma
  • Brahma the creator God Shiva Vishnu the destroyer the most powerful
  •  three paths  Bhaktimarga (the path of devotion),  Jnanamarga (the path of knowledge or philosophy),  Karmamarga (the path of works and action). traditional Hindus are expected to pass through four stages over the course of their life:  Brahmacharga, which takes place during the school years, is focused on acquiring knowledge and developing character;  Grastha, the middle years, is focused on worldly pursuits and pleasures such as marriage, family and career;  Vanaprastha, when ones children reach adulthood, is a time of increased focus on spiritual things; and  Sanngasu, in the last years of life, one may abandon the world entirely for a life of contemplation.
  •  Vanaprastha, when ones children reach adulthood, is a time of increased focus on spiritual things; and  Sanngasu, in the last years of life, one may abandon the world entirely for a life of contemplation. Daily Ritual:  Offerings to the gods, to all being, and the departed souls  householder is expected to perform oblations both in the morning and in the evening.  morning rituals include bathing or physical self-purification, offering prayers to the Sun, chanting the Gayatri mantra, applying certain specific religious marks on the body etc. practicing meditation and yoga, recitation of holy scriptures, reading religious books, participating in "satsang" or visiting the company of holy men
  •  They think if any activity they do, it will bring them closer to the Gods.  They say that the temples are the Gods home on Earth  They hold festivals in celebration of the Temple in India
  •  They offer what they call “The Caste System”  Brahmin=priest and religious official=Born twice  Kshatriya=ruler and warriors=Born twice  Vaishya=farmers, merchants, traders, and craftsmen= born twice  Shudra=servants of upper casts and peasants= not born twice They have stages in life. Which are the same within the ritual
  •  Lawsuits are trying to change how Hinduism is taught to children in California. (March of 2006) They think Hinduism is demeaned by depictions of womens inferior status and of the untouchable class
  •  3 Main Gods of Burress, Charles. "CALIFORNIA / Lawsuit Challenges How Hinduism Is Taught / Board Had Rejected Textbook Changes Foundation Sought." (17 Mar. 2006). Hearts Newspaper, 17 Mar. 2006. Web. 21 Apr. 2010. < area/17287904_1_textbooks-indian-culture-final-approval>. Flesher, Paul. "Hinduism - Social Organization." Hinduism Social Organization. Pual Flesher, 8 Feb. 1997. Web. 21 Apr. 2010. < TM>.
  •  V, Jayaram. "Main Concepts, Beliefs and Practices of Hinduism." Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism, Zoroastrianism and Other Resources. 2000-2010. Web. 21 Apr. 2010. < hinduism.asp>.