India's Sanathana Dharma
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India's Sanathana Dharma

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India's Sanathana Dharma

India's Sanathana Dharma

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India's Sanathana Dharma India's Sanathana Dharma Presentation Transcript

  • India
  • Early Indus River Civilizations – Harappan Civilization
  • Harappa—An Artist’s Reconstruction of the Gateway & Drain
  • Harappa--Granary
  • Harappa
  • Mohenjo-Daro—Entrance to City
  • The Aryans – “The Noble People”
  • Sanskrit
  • The Vedas
  • The Vedas• A collection of poems and sacred hymns (c. 1,500 B.C.) describing Aryan beliefs and daily life• “Veda” means knowledge• 1,500 – 1,000 B.C. – Vedic Period
  • Government• Raja (“Prince”)• Maharajas (“Major Princes”)
  • Chandragupta Maurya
  • Chandragupta’s Conquests
  • The Caste System• Brahmins (Upper class—scholars & priests)• Kshatriyas (Aristocratic warriors)• Vaishyas (Merchant class)• Shudras (Mass of common peasants, laborers & servants)• Untouchables
  • The Caste System
  • The Upanishads (6 century B.C.) th• Commentaries on the Vedas• Rejected Brahmin rituals & inspired people to reach spiritual truth and peace through meditation & an ascetic lifestyle
  • Hinduism• Emerged from the ideas in the Upanishads• Karma & Reincarnation (the rebirth of the soul in a different form after death, determined by actions in the previous life according to the dharma, a law regulating human behavior)
  • Three Major Hindu Gods• Brahman the Creator• Vishnu the Preserver• Shiva the Destroyer• Plus thousands of lesser deities
  • Another Name for Hinduism• Sanatana dharma• Sanatana—”that which has no beginning or end and that which is there always”• Dharma—refers to the right way or living or proper conduct