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India
Early Indus River Civilizations –     Harappan Civilization
Harappa—An Artist’s Reconstruction     of the Gateway & Drain
Harappa--Granary
Harappa
Mohenjo-Daro—Entrance to City
The Aryans – “The Noble People”
Sanskrit
The Vedas
The Vedas• A collection of poems and sacred hymns (c.  1,500 B.C.) describing Aryan beliefs and daily  life• “Veda” means ...
Government• Raja (“Prince”)• Maharajas (“Major Princes”)
Chandragupta Maurya
Chandragupta’s Conquests
The Caste System•   Brahmins     (Upper class—scholars & priests)•   Kshatriyas   (Aristocratic warriors)•   Vaishyas     ...
The Caste System
The Upanishads (6 century B.C.)                  th• Commentaries on the Vedas• Rejected Brahmin rituals &  inspired peopl...
Hinduism• Emerged from the ideas in the  Upanishads• Karma & Reincarnation (the rebirth  of the soul in a different form a...
Three Major Hindu Gods• Brahman the Creator• Vishnu the Preserver• Shiva the Destroyer• Plus thousands of lesser deities
Another Name for Hinduism• Sanatana dharma• Sanatana—”that which has no beginning or  end and that which is there always”•...
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India's Sanathana Dharma

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India's Sanathana Dharma

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Transcript of "India's Sanathana Dharma"

  1. 1. India
  2. 2. Early Indus River Civilizations – Harappan Civilization
  3. 3. Harappa—An Artist’s Reconstruction of the Gateway & Drain
  4. 4. Harappa--Granary
  5. 5. Harappa
  6. 6. Mohenjo-Daro—Entrance to City
  7. 7. The Aryans – “The Noble People”
  8. 8. Sanskrit
  9. 9. The Vedas
  10. 10. The Vedas• A collection of poems and sacred hymns (c. 1,500 B.C.) describing Aryan beliefs and daily life• “Veda” means knowledge• 1,500 – 1,000 B.C. – Vedic Period
  11. 11. Government• Raja (“Prince”)• Maharajas (“Major Princes”)
  12. 12. Chandragupta Maurya
  13. 13. Chandragupta’s Conquests
  14. 14. The Caste System• Brahmins (Upper class—scholars & priests)• Kshatriyas (Aristocratic warriors)• Vaishyas (Merchant class)• Shudras (Mass of common peasants, laborers & servants)• Untouchables
  15. 15. The Caste System
  16. 16. The Upanishads (6 century B.C.) th• Commentaries on the Vedas• Rejected Brahmin rituals & inspired people to reach spiritual truth and peace through meditation & an ascetic lifestyle
  17. 17. Hinduism• Emerged from the ideas in the Upanishads• Karma & Reincarnation (the rebirth of the soul in a different form after death, determined by actions in the previous life according to the dharma, a law regulating human behavior)
  18. 18. Three Major Hindu Gods• Brahman the Creator• Vishnu the Preserver• Shiva the Destroyer• Plus thousands of lesser deities
  19. 19. Another Name for Hinduism• Sanatana dharma• Sanatana—”that which has no beginning or end and that which is there always”• Dharma—refers to the right way or living or proper conduct
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