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Hinduism                          A Brief IntroductionVisit www.worldofteaching.comFor 100’s of free powerpoints
Scriptures      • Hundreds of scriptures      • oldest scriptures: the        four Vedas      • all scriptures divided    ...
What “ism” is Hinduism?           • Everything from             Atheism to Polytheism           • Different             in...
Concept of God       • Nirguna Brahman -         God without attributes       • Saguna Brahman -         God with attribut...
Hindu Trinity       • Brahma - the Creator       • Vishnu - the         Preserver       • Shiva - the Destroyer       • Th...
Basic Beliefs       • Karma - the law of         cause and effect; “you         reap what you sow”       • Reincarnation -...
Symbolism in Hinduism
Holy Cow!     • Hindus have always       had great respect for       Mother Nature and its       creatures     • Cow is es...
Four Goals of Human Life            • Kama – fulfillment of              desires            • Artha – accumulation of     ...
Four Paths to Moksha          • Karma Yoga - Path of            righteous action          • Bhakti Yoga - Path of         ...
Temple Worship       • Temples provide an         atmosphere         conducive for spiritual         progress       • Cent...
Six Philosophical Schools            •   Sankhya - Sage Kapila            •   Yoga - Sage Patanjali            •   Mimamsa...
History of Hinduism•   Originated between 4000 and 2000 BC•   No single founder•   Vedas: the oldest scriptures of Hinduis...
Veda Vyasa     • 1500 BC     • classified the Vedas into       the four traditional       collections     • composed the 1...
Sankara   • Advaitha philosophy   • 7th century AD   • traveled all over India     having public debates     with other ph...
Ramanuja• 10th Century AD• Vishistadvaitha• wanted everybody  irrespective of social  standing to enjoy the  eternal bliss...
Madhva   • Dwaitha philosophy   • 12th Century AD   • the world is not an     illusion.   • solitary study of the     scri...
Vivekananda• First Hindu leader to visit  America• Famous address at the  World Parliament of  Religions in Chicago on  Se...
Contemporary Hindu Leaders in          America               •   David Frawley               •   Satguru Sivaya           ...
Festivals• Hinduism is a celebratory religion• The motive: Festivals keep us close to Gods,  invigorate our household and ...
April/MayYugaadi/Ugaadi:•The first day of the year according to the National Calendar of India.•The day falls in the begin...
Sri Ramanavami     Mahavir Jayanti           Buddha Jayanti Birthday of                               Birthday of Buddha, ...
May/June                                 Guru Purnima                         •Guru: One’s teacher. The dayLord Muruga    ...
July/August    Raksha Bandhan                   KrishnashtamiSymbolizes the love betweenbrother and sister.              B...
August/SeptemberGanesh Chaturthi                 Durga Pooja/NavaratriBirthday of the elephant God,Ganesha                ...
October/NovemberDeepavali: The festival of lights           Mother Lakshmi  •Mother Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth and pro...
December/January Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti     Sankranti/PongalBirthday of Guru Gobind         Celebration of theSingh, on...
February/March   Mahashivaratri                     HoliBirthday of Lord Shiva   Holi, the festival of colors             ...
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Hindu Scriptures

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Hindu Scriptures

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  1. 1. Hinduism A Brief IntroductionVisit www.worldofteaching.comFor 100’s of free powerpoints
  2. 2. Scriptures • Hundreds of scriptures • oldest scriptures: the four Vedas • all scriptures divided into two broad categories: shruti and smriti • Most popular scripture: Bhagavad Gita
  3. 3. What “ism” is Hinduism? • Everything from Atheism to Polytheism • Different interpretations of the same scriptures led to differences in belief • Sanatana Dharma Eternal Philosophy
  4. 4. Concept of God • Nirguna Brahman - God without attributes • Saguna Brahman - God with attributes • Saguna Brahman can be worshipped in any shape or form, human or otherwise
  5. 5. Hindu Trinity • Brahma - the Creator • Vishnu - the Preserver • Shiva - the Destroyer • Three aspects/powers of the same divine being
  6. 6. Basic Beliefs • Karma - the law of cause and effect; “you reap what you sow” • Reincarnation - eternal soul traverses through different bodies till it finds liberation
  7. 7. Symbolism in Hinduism
  8. 8. Holy Cow! • Hindus have always had great respect for Mother Nature and its creatures • Cow is especially significant because it symbolizes gentleness
  9. 9. Four Goals of Human Life • Kama – fulfillment of desires • Artha – accumulation of wealth • Dharma – performance of social and religious duties • Moksha – freedom from want
  10. 10. Four Paths to Moksha • Karma Yoga - Path of righteous action • Bhakti Yoga - Path of selfless devotion • Jnana Yoga - Path of rational inquiry • Raja Yoga - Path of renunciation
  11. 11. Temple Worship • Temples provide an atmosphere conducive for spiritual progress • Centers of social and cultural activities • Provide a place for collective worship and prayers
  12. 12. Six Philosophical Schools • Sankhya - Sage Kapila • Yoga - Sage Patanjali • Mimamsa - SageJaimini • Vedanta – Sage Vyasa • Nyaya - Sage Gautama • Vaisheshika - Sage Kanada
  13. 13. History of Hinduism• Originated between 4000 and 2000 BC• No single founder• Vedas: the oldest scriptures of Hinduism• Veda means “to know”• Rig, Yajur, Sama and Atharva Veda• Upanishads explain the philosophical ideas in story and dialogue form
  14. 14. Veda Vyasa • 1500 BC • classified the Vedas into the four traditional collections • composed the 18 Puranas • composed his great poetic work, the Mahabharata in a period of two and a half years
  15. 15. Sankara • Advaitha philosophy • 7th century AD • traveled all over India having public debates with other philosophers • true happiness can be attained by removing avidya(ignorance) and maya (self deception)
  16. 16. Ramanuja• 10th Century AD• Vishistadvaitha• wanted everybody irrespective of social standing to enjoy the eternal bliss of Lord Narayana• Bhakti - complete surrender to the Lord
  17. 17. Madhva • Dwaitha philosophy • 12th Century AD • the world is not an illusion. • solitary study of the scriptures, performing ones duty without self-interest, practical acts of devotion
  18. 18. Vivekananda• First Hindu leader to visit America• Famous address at the World Parliament of Religions in Chicago on September 11,1893• Spent three years preaching the Vedanta philosophy in America and England• Founded the Ramakrishna Mission
  19. 19. Contemporary Hindu Leaders in America • David Frawley • Satguru Sivaya Subramuniyaswami • Mahesh Yogi • Satchidananda • Mata Amritanandamayi
  20. 20. Festivals• Hinduism is a celebratory religion• The motive: Festivals keep us close to Gods, invigorate our household and renew our personal life.• Festivals signify victory of good over evil.• Every month of Hindu calendar has atleast one significant festival. Each festival has regional significance also.• Celebration of diversity.
  21. 21. April/MayYugaadi/Ugaadi:•The first day of the year according to the National Calendar of India.•The day falls in the beginning of spring - Vasanta Ritu – When the Goddess of Nature gets bedecked as a divine bride.
  22. 22. Sri Ramanavami Mahavir Jayanti Buddha Jayanti Birthday of Birthday of Buddha, Lord Rama, Birthday of Mahavira, the founder of Buddhism the prince of the founder of Jainism Ayodhya, and his coronation as a king.
  23. 23. May/June Guru Purnima •Guru: One’s teacher. The dayLord Muruga commemorates the birthday of• Worshipped mostly in Veda Vyasa. South India •Time to remember and felicitate one’s teachers.
  24. 24. July/August Raksha Bandhan KrishnashtamiSymbolizes the love betweenbrother and sister. Birthday of Lord Krishna, favorite lovable God of many :)
  25. 25. August/SeptemberGanesh Chaturthi Durga Pooja/NavaratriBirthday of the elephant God,Ganesha A nine day celebration signifying the victory of Mother Durga over the evil demon King Mahishasura.
  26. 26. October/NovemberDeepavali: The festival of lights Mother Lakshmi •Mother Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth and prosperity is worshipped on this day. •Beginning of the Hindu financial year.
  27. 27. December/January Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti Sankranti/PongalBirthday of Guru Gobind Celebration of theSingh, one of the Sikh Gurus harvest festival
  28. 28. February/March Mahashivaratri HoliBirthday of Lord Shiva Holi, the festival of colors commemorating the victory of Lord Krishna over the demon Holika
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