A Doherty Library Information Literacy Tutorial
GoalsBy reviewing this tutorial, you should learn how to:1. Understand what article databases are2. Use search limiters3. ...
1. What is an article database?Scholars publish new research in peer-reviewed,  scholarly journals.There are lots of these...
1. What is an article database?Databases compile article information from many  journals.Imagine thousands of tables of co...
GoalsBy reviewing this tutorial, you should learn how to:1. Understand what article databases are2. Use search limiters3. ...
2. Use search limitersWhen you search, you want to:   retrieve the sources you want   eliminate the sources you don’t wa...
2. Use search limitersImportant limiters: Peer-reviewed only Date ranges Publication type Other stuff: age group, test...
GoalsBy reviewing this tutorial, you should learn how to:1. Understand what article databases are2. Use search limiters3. ...
3. Select keywords from a researchquestionWhat makes a good research question?Less developed: I want to learn about [topic...
3. Select keywords from a researchquestionWhat makes a good research question?More developed: What is the effect of [inde...
3. Select keywords from a researchquestionGood research questions give you good keywords for searching.Sample question:Wha...
3. Select keywords from a researchquestionSample question [education]: What is the effect of  Reading Reels lessons on rea...
3. Select keywords from a researchquestionSample question [humanities]: What does close reading  of the Biblical reference...
3. Select keywords from a researchquestionSample question: What does close reading of the Biblical  references in Hamlet r...
3. Select keywords from a researchquestionSample question [nursing]: What is the benefit of  breathing relaxation techniqu...
3. Select keywords from a researchquestionSample question [nursing]: What is the benefit of  breathing relaxation techniqu...
GoalsBy reviewing this tutorial, you should learn how to:1. Understand what article databases are2. Use search limiters3. ...
4. Narrow a keyword search withANDAND in database searches is a way of saying, I want only results with both (or all) thes...
4. Narrow a keyword search withANDKeywords [education]: “Reading Reels” “Reading comprehension” 6th gradeSearch:“readin...
4. Narrow a keyword search withANDKeywords [humanities]: Bible Hamlet Shakespeare revengeSearch:Bible AND Hamlet AND S...
4. Narrow a keyword search withANDKeywords [nursing]: Breathing relaxation techniques Pain management Women in laborSea...
GoalsBy reviewing this tutorial, you should learn how to:1. Understand what article databases are2. Use search limiters3. ...
5. Broaden a keyword search withOROR in database searches is a way of saying, I want results with either of these terms.Ad...
5. Broaden a keyword search withORIn database searches, use OR to add alternate keywords to   your basic AND search.Exampl...
5. Broaden a keyword search withORTruncation is one more way to broaden searches.Truncation lets you search for different ...
Go to askus.stthom.edu to gethelp using library resources.
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Searching Databases

1,285 views
1,241 views

Published on

Learn to use keywords and search operators like AND and OR to conduct database searches.

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,285
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
886
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
10
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Searching Databases

  1. 1. A Doherty Library Information Literacy Tutorial
  2. 2. GoalsBy reviewing this tutorial, you should learn how to:1. Understand what article databases are2. Use search limiters3. Select keywords from a research question4. Narrow a keyword search with AND5. Broaden a keyword search with OR
  3. 3. 1. What is an article database?Scholars publish new research in peer-reviewed, scholarly journals.There are lots of these journals.To keep up with them, you’d need to look through hundreds of tables of contents per month!
  4. 4. 1. What is an article database?Databases compile article information from many journals.Imagine thousands of tables of contents combined, with each item indexed by title, author, subject, and many other features.So what?With a database, you can search for articles on a topic.
  5. 5. GoalsBy reviewing this tutorial, you should learn how to:1. Understand what article databases are2. Use search limiters3. Select keywords from a research question4. Narrow a keyword search with AND5. Broaden a keyword search with OR
  6. 6. 2. Use search limitersWhen you search, you want to:  retrieve the sources you want  eliminate the sources you don’t want.Limiters (also called filters) let you start eliminating right away. Look for checkboxes and lists on your database’s Advanced Search page and on your search results page.
  7. 7. 2. Use search limitersImportant limiters: Peer-reviewed only Date ranges Publication type Other stuff: age group, test used, subject, geography, language
  8. 8. GoalsBy reviewing this tutorial, you should learn how to:1. Understand what article databases are2. Use search limiters3. Select keywords from a research question4. Narrow a keyword search with AND5. Broaden a keyword search with OR
  9. 9. 3. Select keywords from a researchquestionWhat makes a good research question?Less developed: I want to learn about [topic].At this stage, instead of an article try: A reference resource (companion, encyclopedia) Brainstorming your topic Talking to your professor
  10. 10. 3. Select keywords from a researchquestionWhat makes a good research question?More developed: What is the effect of [independent variable] on [dependent variable] among [population]? OR What does an application of [approach] to [text] reveal about [historical issue/literary debate]?Terms in relation => Narrower focus => New knowledge!
  11. 11. 3. Select keywords from a researchquestionGood research questions give you good keywords for searching.Sample question:What is the effect of Reading Reels lessons on reading comprehension among 6th graders?Find 3 keywords or phrases.
  12. 12. 3. Select keywords from a researchquestionSample question [education]: What is the effect of Reading Reels lessons on reading comprehension among 6th graders?Keywords: “Reading Reels” “Reading comprehension” 6th grade
  13. 13. 3. Select keywords from a researchquestionSample question [humanities]: What does close reading of the Biblical references in Hamlet reveal about Shakespeare’s understanding of revenge?What are the best keywords? Find 3-4.
  14. 14. 3. Select keywords from a researchquestionSample question: What does close reading of the Biblical references in Hamlet reveal about Shakespeare’s understanding of revenge?Keywords: Bible Hamlet Shakespeare revengeNote:Leave out words like “reading,” “references,” and “understanding” that are not specific to your topic.
  15. 15. 3. Select keywords from a researchquestionSample question [nursing]: What is the benefit of breathing relaxation techniques on pain management for women in labor?What are the best keywords? Find 3.
  16. 16. 3. Select keywords from a researchquestionSample question [nursing]: What is the benefit of breathing relaxation techniques on pain management for women in labor?Keywords: Breathing relaxation techniques Pain management Women in laborWhy not “benefit””?
  17. 17. GoalsBy reviewing this tutorial, you should learn how to:1. Understand what article databases are2. Use search limiters3. Select keywords from a research question4. Narrow a keyword search with AND5. Broaden a keyword search with OR
  18. 18. 4. Narrow a keyword search withANDAND in database searches is a way of saying, I want only results with both (or all) these terms.Add keywords with AND to narrow your results. Houston Professional Soccer
  19. 19. 4. Narrow a keyword search withANDKeywords [education]: “Reading Reels” “Reading comprehension” 6th gradeSearch:“reading reels” AND “reading comprehension” AND “6th grade”Note: Quotation marks tell the database that you’re searching for that exact phrase (those words in that order).
  20. 20. 4. Narrow a keyword search withANDKeywords [humanities]: Bible Hamlet Shakespeare revengeSearch:Bible AND Hamlet AND Shakespeare AND revenge
  21. 21. 4. Narrow a keyword search withANDKeywords [nursing]: Breathing relaxation techniques Pain management Women in laborSearch:Breathing relaxation techniques AND pain management AND women in laborNote: Medical databases tend to work better without quotation marks around phrases.
  22. 22. GoalsBy reviewing this tutorial, you should learn how to:1. Understand what article databases are2. Use search limiters3. Select keywords from a research question4. Narrow a keyword search with AND5. Broaden a keyword search with OR
  23. 23. 5. Broaden a keyword search withOROR in database searches is a way of saying, I want results with either of these terms.Add keywords with OR to broaden your results. World Soccer Football FIFA Cup Combine these with OR to get all the results you can about soccer. Can you think of other keywords to broaden the search further?
  24. 24. 5. Broaden a keyword search withORIn database searches, use OR to add alternate keywords to your basic AND search.Examples:(comprehension OR understanding) AND (“6th grade” OR “middle school”)(labor OR childbirth) AND pain AND (management OR control)Note: Parentheses group terms, like in math. In most databases, multiple boxes do the same thing. Wrong: pain AND labor OR childbirth Right: pain AND (labor OR childbirth)
  25. 25. 5. Broaden a keyword search withORTruncation is one more way to broaden searches.Truncation lets you search for different forms of a word. Usually, an asterisk (*) tells the database that the word can end in any way from that point on.Here are examples:Bibl* searches for Bible OR Biblical.Grade* searches for grade OR grades OR graders OR graded.Manag* searches for managing OR management OR managerCan you think of another example where truncation would be useful?
  26. 26. Go to askus.stthom.edu to gethelp using library resources.

×