ICAWC 2013 - Moving Pets Across Countries - Paula Boyden

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ICAWC 2013 Barcelona, Spain - Paula Boyden's presentation on Moving pets across countries

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ICAWC 2013 - Moving Pets Across Countries - Paula Boyden

  1. 1. Moving Pets Across Countries Paula Boyden BVetMed MRCVS Dogs Trust
  2. 2. Pet Travel Scheme 2000-2011 • • • • • Microchip/Transponder Vaccinate Blood test after 30d Issue Passport Entry to the UK 6mths after date of successful blood test • Tick and tapeworm 24-48h before entry
  3. 3. Pet Travel Scheme 2012  • • • • • Microchip Vaccinate Issue Passport Travel 3 weeks after vaccination Tapeworm treatment 1-5 days before entry to the UK • No tick treatment
  4. 4. So what does this mean? • Blood test no longer required – ‘Failures’? • 3 week wait • Age of entry into the UK • Extended period for tapeworm treatment
  5. 5. No Rabies Blood Test • 2000 – 2011 almost 12 years of rabies serology data • Large breeds of dog • 1-7 years > Over 7 years > less than 1 year • Some may never pass
  6. 6. 3 Week Wait • Incubation period of rabies typically 1-3 months but can be much longer • Incubation period depends on: – Age of bitten individual – Distance from bite site to spinal cord or brain – Variant of the virus – Amount of virus introduced
  7. 7. Age of Entry • Cannot vaccinate against rabies until 3 months of age • 2000 – 2011 – 3 months + 30 days + 6 month wait – Min age 10 months • 2012  – 3 months + 3 week wait – Min age 15 weeks
  8. 8. Numbers of Pets Travelling 2011 Cats Dogs Ferrets 2012 % increase 8,712 88,661 77 97,450 14,587 142,665 95 157,347 67% 61% 23% 61% Number of pets entering GB taken from the PETS database (courtesy of Defra) 8
  9. 9. Dog Profile • Puppies for sale – Some moving commercially – Many puppies bought in markets in small numbers and brought to the UK for sale – The carrying vehicle may declare some, but not all dogs • Adult dogs for rescue / rehoming
  10. 10. Does Age Matter? • near 400% increase* in the number of ‘illegals’ in 2012 – – – – changes to rules 01/01/12 profit to be made Unknown quantities Lack of intel management *City of London Corporation
  11. 11. Non Compliance • 417 pets identified as illegal landings were seized by Trading Standards in Jan-Nov 2012, compared with 127 for the same period in 2011 • Non-compliant pets must stay in quarantine until they meet EU animal health requirements
  12. 12. Rabies in the EU 1998 2008 Around 200 rabies cases in the EU in 2011 compared with 5,000 in 2001 and around 13,000 in 1991 12
  13. 13. What Checks are Made? • 100% checks at ports – Embarkation at seaports – Arrival at airports • Subsequent 5-10% quality control checks by AHVLA (Government Agency) IF THEY ARE DECLARED
  14. 14. How do we know if an animal has entered the country legally? • Permanent identification and registration – Central reunification number – Register at local and European level (Euoropetnet) – Backtrack • Focus for lobbying in the EU
  15. 15. Should we be concerned? …of the eleven puppies we had here five of them were Bulldogs; two of them were paid for by the person who imported them. He took them home on Tuesday (one of them had a bad cherry eye) within three hours he had them both up on the internet for sale
  16. 16. Tapeworm: Echinococcus multilocularis
  17. 17. Echinococcus multilocularis
  18. 18. Diseases associated with Travelling Pets • • • • Babesia (Tick) Ehrlichia (Tick) Dirofilaria (Mosquito) Leishmania (Sandfly)
  19. 19. Babesia • A protozoon • Lives inside the red blood cells • AKA piroplasmosis
  20. 20. Ehrlichia • Affects the platelets (important in blood clotting • Can lead to bleeding e.g. nose bleeds, during surgery
  21. 21. Dirofilaria: Heartworm • Transmitted by mosquitos • Microscopic form, microfilariae injected into blood stream • Mature adult worms locate in the heart • Topical medication that will kill microfilariae can be used to prevent disease
  22. 22. Leishmaniasis • Caused by the protozoan parasite Leishmania infantum • Transmitted by Phlebotomus spp sandflies • Potentially zoonotic
  23. 23. Leishmaniasis: distribution
  24. 24. Other Diseases Reported via DACTARI Diagnosed by Acarus Babesia 19 165 (2 untravelled) Ehrlichia 21 172 (3 untravelled) Leishmania 66 357 (2 untravelled) (3 unknown travel history) 106 694 TOTAL
  25. 25. Moving Animals for Adoption • Which dogs? – Will a street dog really fit in with a domestic home environment? • Do it legally – Commercial movement vs PETS • Do it responsibly – Disease status, especially if non-endemic in country of destination (?test / treat)
  26. 26. Disease Considerations • What infectious diseases are prevalent in the country of origin? www.cvbd.org • Are there appropriate tests available? • Are these diseases endemic in the destination country? • Naïve population • Should we risk introducing the disease into this? • Or do we test and then put preventive measures in place?
  27. 27. Leishmaniasis • Sandfly transmitted • Prevalent around the Med basin • PCR test available – Before travel – 6 months later • Can manage but not cure • Zoonotic
  28. 28. Other Diseases • Dirofilaria (Heartworm) – Regular treatment required to prevent clinical disease • Babesia – Tick prevention • Ehrlichia – Tick prevention
  29. 29. Source Country • The dogs that are relocated/rehomed will benefit greatly • What is left? – Improve the resources for those that are left? – Will they reproduce further to fill the void? – Population control – Education – Lobbying - locally / EU (Eurogroup)
  30. 30. In Summary • Changes to PETS has made it much easier to move animals across borders – Traceability • Welfare implications – Breeding – Transport – Wellbeing • It may not be just the animals that are being moved

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