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NDWC Chennai 2013 - Animal Welfare Board of India's role in ABC and Rabies Eradication - Major General Kharb
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NDWC Chennai 2013 - Animal Welfare Board of India's role in ABC and Rabies Eradication - Major General Kharb


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Major General Kharb's presentation in National Dog Welfare Conference, Chennai India 27th and 28th February 2013.

Major General Kharb's presentation in National Dog Welfare Conference, Chennai India 27th and 28th February 2013.

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  • 1. i) Impact of Animal Birth Control / Anti Rabies Immunization programmefacilitated by AWBI for Stray Dogs in controlling Rabiesii) Proposal for implementing the Animal component of the NationalRabies Control Programme under 12th Plan in collaboration with NCDC(Ministry of Health) Maj. Gen. (Retd.) Dr. R. M. Kharb, AVSM 1 Chairman, Animal Welfare Board of India
  • 2. Mandate of Animal Welfare Board of IndiaMinistry of Environment and Forests Advisory and Statutory body to Govt. of India on all matters affecting animal welfare issues, policies & laws Providing Financial assistance to NGOs / AWOs, SPCAs & Gaushalas for Animal Welfare Programmes Protection of Animals from cruelty by facilitating implementation of PCA Act 1960 and Rules made thereunder all over India 2
  • 3. Stray dog population & Rabies Control Programme implemented according to Animal Birth Control (Dogs) Rule 2001 Over 150000 stray dogs sterilized & vaccinated yearlyIncidence of rabies has come down in many metrosafter implementation of ABC/AR Programme. 3
  • 4. Animal Birth Control and ImmunizationProgramme for Street Dogs• The concept of Animal Birth Control & Rabies Immunization of street dogs is a humane and proven scientific method of controlling their population and Rabies. It also contributes to an improvement in the welfare of stray dogs.• WHO has endorsed this concept. Several countries have stabilized street dog population and controlled Rabies by adopting intensive ABC/AR Programme.• Street dogs are subjected to abusive treatment because of wide spread wrong belief that all street dogs carry Rabies virus. 4
  • 5. Animal Birth Control (Dogs) Rulesnotified in 2001 under PCA Act 1960• Classifies dogs into two categories a) Pet Dogs – Pet owners responsible for controlled breeding, immunization, sterilization and licensing. b) Street Dogs – Shall be sterilized and immunized by participation of NGOs / Animal Welfare Organizations, private individuals and Local Authorities. 5
  • 6. Sterilization, Immunization and Release• Captured street dogs are transported to NGO / AWOs shelters, given health checks on arrival, sick / injured dogs are segregated and treated.• Healthy dogs are sterilized and vaccinated as per the Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) of AWBI.• Right Ear of the sterilized dogs is notched as an identification mark.• After post operative care of 3-5 days, sterilized and vaccinated dogs are released back at the same place.• Pregnant female dogs are not sterilized.• The genital organs of the operated dogs are kept, preserved in 10% formal saline for counting and destruction every month by a designated team.• During mass anti rabies vaccination by NGOs, vaccinated dogs are marked by a bright pink spray on the body. 6
  • 7. Contribution of AWBI in Stabilizing Street Dog Population and controlling Rabies• AWBI acts as a facilitator for implementation of the ABC/AR programme in the country.• AWBI is the only agency which promotes this programme at National level with the help of NGOs, SPCAs & Local Authorities (approx. 122 in number) which helps in controlling the incidence of Rabies and population of stray dogs.• Over 1,50,000 stray / community dogs are being sterilized and immunized every year under ABC/AR Programme facilitated by AWBI.• The ABC/AR Programme has significantly reduced the incidence of dog bites and Rabies in several metros where the programme has been implemented in an intensive manner. 7
  • 8. • The technical implementation of ABC/AR Programme has been harmonized through a state of art SOP compiled by AWBI for guidance of NGOs / AWOs.• AWBI is also facilitating conduct of three training programmes i.e. at Jaipur, Ooty and Gangtok to upgrade the skills of Veterinarians, Paravets, Dog Catchers and Programme Managers from NGOs, Civic Bodies and Animal Husbandry Dept. These training programmes are being conducted with the help of International NGOs i.e. Vets Beyond Borders, Humane Society International and Worldwide Veterinary Services. Over 500 Veterinarians, Paravets and Dog Catchers have so far been trained at these training centers. 8
  • 9. • Impact of ABC/AR Programme:-• Incidence of human rabies has considerably declined consequent to successful implementation of AWBI’s Animal Birth Control / Anti Rabies (ABC/AR) programme in several metros such as Chennai, Jaipur, Kalimpong, Gangtok and Delhi. Chennai and Jaipur are now zero rabies cities. 9
  • 10. Graphic representation showing reduction in 120 120 incidence of human Rabies deaths 107 100NO. OF RABIES 80 DEATHS 60 44 40 35 24 17 16 20 5 5 0 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 CHENNAIGraph showing reduction of Rabies consequent to start of ABC/AR Programme 10
  • 11. ABC / AR STARTED IN MARCH 96 12 10 10 10NO. OF RABIES DEATHS 9 8 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 20 20 20 20 20 JAIPUR- WALLED CITY 11
  • 12. • ABC / AR STARTED IN 2000 10 10 NO. OF RABIES DEATHS 8 6 5 4 2 0 0 2000 2001 2002 KALIMPONG 12
  • 13. Indicators of a successful ABC/AR Programme• Marked reduction in the number of dog bites as sterilized dogs are less aggressive.• Marked reduction in the number of puppies on the streets.• Reduction in the incidence of human as well as animal Rabies.• Reduction in the number of complaints of dog nuisance on the helpline.• Reduction in the number of dog fights specially during the breeding season.• Gradual reduction in the number of street dogs. 13
  • 14. II. Proposal for implementation of Animal Component for12th Plan Rabies ControlProgramme in collaborationwith NCDC 14
  • 15. AIM• To control incidence of human & animal Rabies in pilot project covering 3 cities by mass vaccination (70% of their population) of Pet and Street dogs.• To control the over population of street dogs in 3 cities through mass sterilization (at least 70% of population).• Appreciable reduction in the number of Dog bites due to reduction of aggressive behaviour of street dogs as a result of neutering / sterilization.• Marked reduction in Man-Dog conflict and abuse of stray dogs due to Rabies tag. 15
  • 16. Main Components of Project and Budgetary outlay1. Conducting sensitization workshops with stake holders and public (4 years) - 10 Lacs2. Census survey of population of street cities & pet dogs - 2 Lacs3. Mass Vaccinations - 14.10 Crores4. Mass Sterilizations - 13.23 Crores5. Awareness and outreach, material, travel -0.50 Crores Responsible pet ownership ( compulsory licensing by Civic bodies), Publication of literature, communication, framing and upgrading legislation6. Serosurveillance - 0.10 Crores and augmenting diagnostic laboratory capacity, population monitoring, database 16
  • 17. 7. Project management - 0.20 Crores Traveling / monitoring, coordination of project8. Manpower - 1.75 Crores Project Coordinator - One Veterinarians - Three Vaccinators/Paravets - Nine Dog Catchers - Twelve----------------------------------------------------------- Total: Rs.30.00 Crores 17
  • 18. Names of the 3 cities1. Gurgaon2. Chennai3. Gangtok 18
  • 19. CONCLUSION• Mass immunization of Street Dogs against Rabies on a sustainable basis and their intensive sterilization holds the key to control and eradicate Rabies from India.• Human beings and animals in India will continue to suffer from this dreaded disease if we ignore the importance of mass immunization and sterilization of stray and pet dogs.• At present “Rabies Free India is a vision – a dream” which can be translated into reality provided there is commitment, resources and political will. 19
  • 20. THANK YOU 20