ICAWC 2011: Chinny Krishna - Humane Population Control


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Drawing on the work of the Blue Cross of India, this presentation discusses the 'ABC' of population control. (Animal Birth Control)

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  • Stat- jaipur
  • Stat kalimpong
  • The Blueprint provides a national guide to begin to implement dog rabies control programs in countries where rabies is present and in countries where rabies may be re-introduced. It is in fact a new concept and is not meant to replace existing information or documents published by International public health organizations. This is the first time that all of the information required to eliminate canine rabies and prevent human rabies can be found in one place and is available without cost.
  • ICAWC 2011: Chinny Krishna - Humane Population Control

    1. 1. Humane Population Control is as simple as ABC S. Chinny Krishna
    2. 2. How do we respond to the Street dog issue?
    3. 3. WE Ignore Kill Influence Holding Capacity Spay/Neuter Educate Register Breeders
    4. 4. What happens if we ignore? Common logic implies that the number of animals will keep increasing since dogs and cats are prolific breeders.
    5. 5. However, in reality The numbers will level off at the Holding Capacity of the area
    6. 6. What is Holding Capacity? It is the number of animals that an area can support depending on
    7. 7. What happens if we kill? Remaining animals have Higher survival rate An immediate drop in the numbers Numbers increase again Numbers level off when Holding capacity is reached
    8. 8. Why is ‘Catch-and- Kill’ preferred? It is believed that ‘Catch-and-Kill’ is Cheaper* than other methods * It is NOT.
    9. 9. Catch. Kill. Repeat. 100 1860 16000 1964 30000 1985 As many as 135 street dogs were being killed per day in 1996
    10. 10. Did killing help? Nope. Incidents of Rabies didn’t decrease, neither did the number of dogs on the streets. In 1996, there were 120 deaths from Rabies in Chennai alone.
    11. 12. Our Biggest Problem Signed: S. Chinny Krishna(Publisher) Dated: 30-6-1966
    12. 13. The Blue Cross of India will be soon starting a free spaying centre. All we need is Rs. 25000. You, if you will, can help us solve this problem. We can stop the cruelties of surplus animal breeding at any time. Only the will is needed. “ “
    13. 14. In 1966, after much study, Blue Cross of India proposed that street dog population control is as easy as…
    14. 15. A nimal B irth C ontrol
    15. 16. 1990
    16. 17. “ A ll too often, authorities confronted with the problems caused by these dogs have turned to mass destruction in the hope of finding a quick solution, only to discover that the destruction had to continue year after year with no end in sight. Dr. K. Bogel Chief Veterinary, Public Health Unit , WHO, Geneva, Switzerland
    17. 18. “ Albert Einstein Insanity is doing the same thing over and over again, expecting different results
    18. 19. 30 years after the Blue Cross proposed ABC and 29 years after opening our first ABC centre.. A nimal B irth C ontrol starts city wide in several cities in India 1996
    19. 20. Seeing positive results General A.K. Chatterjee, Chairman, Animal Welfare Board Of India (AWBI) has Animal Birth Control (ABC) adopted as the policy of the AWBI. 1997
    20. 21. 2001 Reviewing the success of ABC in places where it had been implemented as a pilot project, The Government of India introduced new regulations which stopped killing of stray animals and replaced it with ABC
    21. 22. 2004 WHO carries out a Multi-centric Rabies Study, by conducting interviews in 84 communities – 21 of which are Urban and 63 Rural. - Number of Rabies cases is more or less constant over a 10 year period from 1992 to 2002 at 17371 cases per year - Number of animal bites(mostly dogs) is also constant over the same period
    22. 23. However Rabies cases in humans as well as the incidence of dog bites shows a dramatic drop .. ..in areas where ABC-AR is being implemented aggressively
    23. 24. 2010 After many years of persuasion.. The Government of India accepts the recommendation to propose two new rules under the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act of 1960: The Pet Shop Regulation Rules and The Breeding and Sale of Pets Rules
    24. 25. No. of Rabies Deaths: Jaipur(Walled city) ABC-AR starts in March ’96
    25. 26. No. of Rabies Deaths: Chennai City-wide ABC-AR starts in September ’96
    26. 27. No. of Rabies Deaths/Dog Bites: Kalimpong ABC-AR starts in 2000 R A BI E S DOG BITES
    27. 28. The Blue Cross Success Story
    28. 29. In Chennai, rabies cases since Jan 2007. zero
    29. 30. In Jaipur, the incidence of rabies in ABC areas has been zero for over six years as against 8.75 deaths per year during the five years prior to 1996 when the full fledged ABC programme started .
    30. 31. In Kalimpong, zero deaths for over seven years as against 10 per year previously.
    31. 32. In Bangalore, both dog bites and rabies cases have gone down sharply since October 2000* when the programme began.
    32. 33. Initiatives
    33. 34. Well Dog Show
    34. 35. Adoption Drive
    35. 36. Thank You
    36. 37. James Herriot to “one-medicine” Challenges for private companion animal vets (and incidentally also welfare groups)
    37. 38. Mexico <ul><li>1990 First nationwide canine anti-rabies vaccination week initiated </li></ul><ul><li>Vaccine provided free by Federal Government </li></ul><ul><li>Doses used: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>205,000 in 1970 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5.5 million in 1989 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>7.1 million in 1990 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>16 million in 2006 </li></ul></ul>
    38. 39. Mexico: Canine Rabies cases
    39. 40. Mexico: Human Rabies cases
    40. 41. Impact of dog vaccination (Cleaveland et al., Vaccine, 2003)
    41. 42. ICAM Coalition Document (2008) <ul><li>www.icam-coalition.org </li></ul>Builds on 1990 Guidelines Attempts to clarify Terminology Gives pointers on implementation
    42. 43. Catch / Neuter / Release or Collect / Neuter / Return?
    43. 44. Blueprint: The Concept <ul><li>Aimed at assisting and guiding individual countries on implementation of canine rabies control programs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If rabies is present </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If rabies is reintroduced after a period of absence </li></ul></ul>www.rabiesblueprint.com
    44. 45. “ One medicine”
    45. 46. Thank You Once Again!