Ian MacFarlaine international (tnr)


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Ian MacFarlaine international (tnr)

  1. 1. International Training - TNR <ul><li>Ian MacFarlaine RVN – </li></ul><ul><li>Neutering Manager </li></ul>
  2. 2. Cats Protection current neutering work <ul><li>We are a UK National charity, with 535 staff, 7000 volunteers, 29 Adoption Centres and 260 Volunteer Groups (Branches) </li></ul><ul><li>Across the UK, we helped neuter 162811 pet and feral cats in 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>We achieved this using a voucher system which can be used at any vet practice </li></ul><ul><li>The voucher covers between 50 & 100% of cost </li></ul><ul><li>About 15% of the cats we neuter are ferals </li></ul>
  3. 3. TNR <ul><li>Principles of Trap Neuter & Return (not Release ) </li></ul><ul><li>Generally use “catch” for dogs and “trap” for cats </li></ul><ul><li>Process of trapping free-living cats, neutering them and returning them to the same spot where caught. Where resources allow, selecting suitable cats for rehoming in the process </li></ul>
  4. 4. Considerations <ul><li>Welfare & safety of cats & people </li></ul><ul><li>Neuter the whole colony </li></ul><ul><li>Work with feeders, residents and landowners. Communicate </li></ul><ul><li>Select/use the right equipment, </li></ul><ul><li>Being prepared for the work. </li></ul><ul><li>Planning for the unexpected </li></ul><ul><li>Hygiene. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  5. 5. Outcomes and Principles <ul><li>Outcomes we want: </li></ul><ul><li>Stabilise & reduce colony </li></ul><ul><li>Prevent injury stress & trauma. </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain reputation. </li></ul><ul><li>Principles: </li></ul><ul><li>Cats in & out of TNR as fast as possible - release next day for males / flank spays; hospitalise a maximum of 2 days for pregnant spays. </li></ul><ul><li>Surgery with minimal complications. </li></ul><ul><li>Clear policies and procedures </li></ul>
  6. 6. Cat and Dog TNR Differences <ul><li>Attitudes </li></ul><ul><li>Return-To-Site more likely to be tolerated in cats </li></ul><ul><li>Cats often more tolerated </li></ul><ul><li>Cats viewed (wrongly) less as a key rabies species. Dogs seen as a priority. </li></ul><ul><li>Municipal authorities with good dog control are more likely to be interested in developing cat control. Those with no animal control tend to be dog-biased as this is the priority. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Cat and Dog TNR Differences <ul><li>Executing: </li></ul><ul><li>Vehicles – larger, specialist vehicles / equipment for dogs </li></ul><ul><li>Capture method (Traps for cats vs. Traps / Net for dogs) </li></ul><ul><li>Recovery more significant for dogs </li></ul><ul><li>Pre/post-op facility & housing more significant for dogs </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity - (3 cats = 1 dogs in terms of resources, cost, time and space) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Obstacles to cat TNR <ul><li>Legal to trap0? </li></ul><ul><li>Legal to feed? </li></ul><ul><li>Legal to return? </li></ul><ul><li>Removal favoured? </li></ul><ul><li>Money! </li></ul><ul><li>Vet capacity / skills / cost </li></ul>
  9. 9. Working with vets – 1 skills <ul><li>Vets who can safely neuter cats </li></ul><ul><li>Where cat neutering isn’t done widely, skill levels may have fallen </li></ul><ul><li>Look at local options first </li></ul><ul><li>Support training of locals </li></ul>
  10. 10. Working with vets – 2: Incentives <ul><li>Brings clients into practice </li></ul><ul><li>Volume of work </li></ul><ul><li>Keep skills up </li></ul><ul><li>Discount, then negotiate every 4 th cat free </li></ul><ul><li>Communicate and allow them input. </li></ul><ul><li>Send thank you cards etc </li></ul><ul><li>Pay bills on time </li></ul><ul><li>If you have an issue with your vet, deal with it before you consider going elsewhere </li></ul>
  11. 11. Trapping <ul><li>One chance </li></ul><ul><li>First intervention should always be neutering </li></ul><ul><li>Do not trap to vaccinate before you neuter – unlikely to catch again </li></ul><ul><li>Always plan ahead, organise, have the right equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Works best when feeders are on-side </li></ul>
  12. 12. Equipment <ul><li>Don’t try TNR without having the right equipment. </li></ul><ul><li>Costs to ship – collect from conferences, ask holidaying friends / relatives to bring back with them. Crush cage 3.7kg, traps around 6kg. </li></ul><ul><li>SNIP International </li></ul><ul><li>Learn how to use it properly </li></ul>
  13. 13. Automatic traps Great for: - 1 or 2 cats - Wary cats - Last of colony while others at surgery
  14. 14. <ul><li>Label Traps </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor and supervise if on public-accessible land (whether legal or illegal) </li></ul><ul><li>Do not leave unsupervised if on accessible land </li></ul><ul><li>If on enclosed, private, access-controlled land, check every 3-4 hours (no more than) or get householder to monitor. </li></ul><ul><li>Someone out there needs to invent a texting trap! </li></ul>
  15. 15. Automatic Traps….
  16. 16. 1. Wrong Cat
  17. 17. 2. Not actually a cat
  18. 18. 3. Food gone, no cat
  19. 19. Manual traps
  20. 26. … .are great because… <ul><li>Trap what you need </li></ul><ul><li>Priorities </li></ul><ul><li>No repeat trappings </li></ul><ul><li>Doesn’t require pedal activation </li></ul><ul><li>More than one cat: reduce number of cycles </li></ul><ul><li>No mechanism </li></ul><ul><li>Quick clearance (record being 27 minutes for 13 cats) </li></ul><ul><li>(Cats which enter a trap together will be safe to remain together. Can easily split) </li></ul>
  21. 27. Drop Cages Drop Cages www.metalcote.co.uk – “Dropper basket” www.MDCexports.co.uk – “Nurse’s Best Friend with end door”
  22. 32. Transferring <ul><li>Prop against wall, solid object – car wheel or bumper and steady other end with your foot </li></ul><ul><li>Cover cage you want the cat to go into </li></ul><ul><li>Blow on cat to get it to move across </li></ul>www.mdcexports.com – “ Trap Transfer Restrainer”
  23. 33. “ Trap divider” – ACES www.animalcare.com “ Restraining Comb” – MDC www.mdcexports.co.uk
  24. 39. After surgery we want.. <ul><li>The cat to be alive </li></ul><ul><li>The cat not to have watched its own op </li></ul><ul><li>The cat not to die after release </li></ul><ul><li>The cat to have suffered minimal pain and minimal stress </li></ul><ul><li>No one to have got hurt </li></ul><ul><li>The vets to want to spay ferals again </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone else to think we are wonderful </li></ul>
  25. 40. Help your vets by... <ul><li>No pre op exam, but can still communicate concerns – use forms! Observant! </li></ul><ul><li>Weigh cat – vets love it </li></ul><ul><li>How long since it ate and drank – fluids – tell vet. </li></ul><ul><li>Surgeon needs to know how to handle ferals. Refer if unsure… </li></ul>
  26. 41. Can we fix it? <ul><li>Wildlife rehabilitation principles - </li></ul><ul><li>Can it survive after release? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the context of where it is going back to? </li></ul><ul><li>Is it fair to put it through treatment and confinement? </li></ul><ul><li>What does the trapper think? </li></ul>
  27. 42. Can we fix it? <ul><li>Find those ferals </li></ul><ul><li>Trap those ferals </li></ul><ul><li>Neuter those ferals </li></ul>
  28. 43. Can we fix it? <ul><li>Find those ferals </li></ul><ul><li>Trap those ferals </li></ul><ul><li>Neuter those ferals </li></ul>4 th Generation hard-to-catch feral. RF No function - PTS
  29. 44. Lets talk pussy.... <ul><li>No nose </li></ul>
  30. 45. Lets talk pussy.... <ul><li>No nose </li></ul>No nose – unable to thrive - PTS
  31. 47. Friendly male outdoor cat. Feeder able to feed individually hence oral dose. Neutered, debrided, cleaned and returned. Did fine!
  32. 49. Recent non-traumatic eye condition. Flu, debilitated. PTS. (If simple recent injury trauma to eye, would enucleate, hosp and release)
  33. 50. Minimal dentals!
  34. 51. Ear tipping
  35. 52. Ear tipping
  36. 53. Ear tipping =
  37. 54. Releasing
  38. 55. Releasing <ul><li>Check weather conditions (public perceptions important) </li></ul><ul><li>Release exactly to the same spot where caught </li></ul><ul><li>Put food down at site </li></ul><ul><li>Males and flank spay females : Morning following surgery is fine </li></ul><ul><li>Midline spays, Pyos, heavily pregnant – late on following day or second morning after </li></ul><ul><li>Dependent on vet’s skill, technique </li></ul><ul><li>Minimise captivity – welfare / disease / stress / anorexia / hygiene if kept in </li></ul>
  39. 56. Thank you!