Infinitives and Gerunds<br />What are they?<br />How can we choose?<br />
What areinfinitives and gerunds?<br />“I like  X.”<br />What is X?<br />X is always a noun, right?<br />“Y  is fun.”<br />...
“I like chocolate.”<br />What is chocolate?<br />‘Chocolate’ is a noun, right?<br />“This grammar class is fun!”<br />What...
Okay, but…<br />What about when you like a verb?<br />I like  X  <br />What if  X  =  study English?<br />I like  to study...
Infinitives and Gerunds are….?<br />verbs changed to nouns.<br />study = verb		I study in the libraryevery day.<br />to st...
Common Mistakes<br />Infinitives and Gerunds don’t mix!<br />I like to swimming. <br />My sister needs to studying.<br />D...
Has ithappened?<br />YES - GERUND<br />I enjoy ______ (swim).<br />Taro hates ______  (play soccer).<br />My dad remembers...
Has ithappened?<br />YES - GERUND<br />I enjoy swimming (swim).<br />Taro hates playing soccer (play soccer).<br />My dad ...
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Infinitives and gerunds

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Infinitives and gerunds

  1. 1. Infinitives and Gerunds<br />What are they?<br />How can we choose?<br />
  2. 2. What areinfinitives and gerunds?<br />“I like X.”<br />What is X?<br />X is always a noun, right?<br />“Y is fun.”<br />What is Y?<br />Y is always a noun, right?<br />
  3. 3. “I like chocolate.”<br />What is chocolate?<br />‘Chocolate’ is a noun, right?<br />“This grammar class is fun!”<br />What is ‘Anthony’s grammar class’?<br />‘Anthony’s grammar class’ is a noun, right?<br />
  4. 4. Okay, but…<br />What about when you like a verb?<br />I like X <br />What if X = study English?<br />I like to study English. <br />What is to study? An infinitive. <br />What about when a verb is really fun?<br />Y is really fun.<br />Y = cook<br />Cooking is really fun.<br />What is cooking? A gerund. <br />
  5. 5. Infinitives and Gerunds are….?<br />verbs changed to nouns.<br />study = verb I study in the libraryevery day.<br />to study = noun I need to study in the library.<br />studying = noun Studyingin the library is the best!<br /> My teacher recommends studying.<br />drink= verb Do you drink chai?<br />to drink= noun I stopped to drink.<br />drinking= noun Drinking water is important.<br /> I like drinking Pepsi.<br />
  6. 6. Common Mistakes<br />Infinitives and Gerunds don’t mix!<br />I like to swimming. <br />My sister needs to studying.<br />Don’t use verbs when you need a noun<br />I don’t like liveto live in Emporia.<br />Jen loves walkwalking to work.<br />Usually infinitives have not happened and gerunds have happened<br />I want goingto go home.<br />Our class enjoys to study together.<br />
  7. 7. Has ithappened?<br />YES - GERUND<br />I enjoy ______ (swim).<br />Taro hates ______ (play soccer).<br />My dad remembers working (work) when he was young. <br />NO- INFINITIVE<br />I want to go (go).<br />Wataru needs to rest(rest) at night.<br />Sorry! I forgot to study(study). <br />
  8. 8. Has ithappened?<br />YES - GERUND<br />I enjoy swimming (swim).<br />Taro hates playing soccer (play soccer).<br />My dad remembers working (work) when he was young. <br />NO- INFINITIVE<br />I want ______ (go).<br />Wataru needs ______ (rest) at night.<br />Sorry! I forgot ___ (study). <br />

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