Modern latin america


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Modern latin america

  1. 1. Modern Latin America By: Rebecca Krogstad
  2. 2. War in Latin America <ul>Throughout the 19 th Century Latin America was plagued by war. Wars were fought between countries across the ocean as well as their own fence line and even amongst their very own neighbors. As time has passed we often look back and wonder why a war was started. Here are a few reasons why wars were waged in Latin America during the 19 th Century. </ul><ul><li>Caudilloism- The desire to rule for personal reasons
  3. 3. Resource- The need of resources found in other areas.
  4. 4. Intraclass- Between similar groups with different ideals, usually political.
  5. 5. Interventions Caused by Capitalism- wars aided by other countries or groups for their own personal gain.
  6. 6. Religion- Religious disagreements </li></ul>
  7. 7. Juan Manuel de Rosas: A Saint or The Devil? <ul><li>Dictator of the Argentine Confederation for 23 years. (1829-1852)
  8. 8. Lead an army of gauchos, who required very little to sustain themselves due to their poor background and ability to live off the land. </li></ul><ul><li>Was considered to be a caudillo and ruled by force.
  9. 9. Anti-Unitarian </li></ul>
  10. 10. Provincials vs Portenos <ul>Provincials <li>Occupied the provinces that are now Argentina.
  11. 11. Almost completely destroyed the Portenos in 1820 and subsequently forced them to sign the Treaty of Pilar, which made a federation in Argentina instead of each province being its own entity.
  12. 12. Did not want to be ruled by the Portenos who showed political unrest.
  13. 13. Armies were primarily comprised of gauchos. </li></ul><ul>Portenos <li>Occupied the port of Buenos Aires.
  14. 14. Had a Unitarian, centralist constitution.
  15. 15. Used direct attack tactics but lacked the man power to gain any control of provincial land.
  16. 16. Joined forces with the Provincials to defeat General Juan Lavalle after he took over the port of Buenos Aires. </li></ul>
  17. 17. The Leaders and Fighters of Latin America <ul>Caudillos <li>Dictators, powerful.
  18. 18. Charismatic and persuasive. Often used their talents to persuade followers to aid in their cause.
  19. 19. Recruited locals.
  20. 20. Worked for the people of the land as well as the crown.
  21. 21. Above the law. </li></ul><ul>Gauchos <li>Nomadic and lived easily off the land.
  22. 22. Considered to be on the humble side but were known for being violent when necessary.
  23. 23. Fought mainly in Provincial armies.
  24. 24. Gave their allegiance to the Caudillos because they viewed them as the elite. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Mexico: The Umbilical Cord <ul>Mexico is the land of should've, would've and could've(s). Unfortunately for the people of Mexico they have been pushed into an almost third world country status. Corrupt politics, lack of knowledge of how to best use their natural resources and a pension for drug and human trafficking has only dug a deeper economic hole that they will surely be buried in if they cannot rise above their past. </ul>Illegal immigrants crossing into North America in search of a better life .
  26. 26. Conclusion: Beyond Monroe <ul>The Monroe Doctrine was meant to keep European countries from overtaking or trying to set up new colonies in the Americas. However the United States put themselves in a bit of a bind because it also prevented them from doing the same. Now the United States is trying to find a way to influence Latin America without violating its very own laws. This will be no easy task as the countries of Latin America begin to find their own voice. The United States will need to tread lightly or risk losing valuable allies </ul>Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez and Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.
  27. 27. Colombians Making a Difference <ul><li>Julio Sanchez Cristo is a Colombian radio host and journalist and radio host who is known widely as being a go to person for bringing corruption to the public eye and is often the lead investigator in such investigations </li></ul><ul><li>Patricia Janiot is a Colombian television journalist, as well as a former model and beauty queen. Janiot works for Spanish CNN and is the president Colombianitos foundation, that provides aid to the child victims of the ongoing Colombian armed conflict. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Colombian Armed Conflict <ul>The Colombian Armed Conflict is an ongoing civil war in the country of Colombia. It started in 1964 between the government of Columbia and guerrilla fighters. It is said to have begun after a political assassination in the 1940's that was then followed by a US supported attack on rural Colombians. To fight these attacks liberals and communists formed the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC). The FARC claims to be fighting for the rights of the people as is the military forces they are fighting but it is believed that they are both participating in human and drug trafficking. Thousands have been killed and many more forced out of their homes. The FARC has continued to grow and often recruits young children for their cause. The FARC has a strong hold in a large portion of Colombia which has made it difficult to combat. The United States continues to provide aid to the Colombian government in its attempt to resolve the 47 year civil war. </ul>