Haiti

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Haiti

  1. 1. Haiti By: Rebecca Krogstad
  2. 2. Geography <ul><li>Haiti is located in the western part of Hispaniola, and in some parts as close as 45 miles to Cuba. Haiti is the second largest country in the Great Antilles with a coastline on smaller to Cuba. Haiti is two-thirds mountainous, with the rest of the country marked by great valleys, extensive plateaus, and small plains.
  3. 3. Like the United States has states Haiti has departments. There are ten departments each with their own capital. </li></ul>Haiti capital Port Au Prince
  4. 4. Geography <ul><li>The country of Haiti is surrounded by the Carribean Ocean and has many lakes and rivers flowing through the land. The most notable being the Guayamouc River.
  5. 5. Haiti has several areas of plains and mountain ranges dividing the country. The highest point in Haiti is the Pic La Selle which is 8,793 feet above sea level. </li></ul>Haiti's beautiful waterfront Pic La Selle
  6. 6. Geography <ul><li>Haiti has a tropical climate and is mostly rough, mountainous lands. Because of this it is difficult for the country to grow with its population which results in high volumes of people in one area. As one could imagine this is not an ideal situation for a country that is largely living in poverty. Crime is high and there is little chance of Haitians escaping their ancestors way of living. Hurricanes, floods, earthquakes and droughts have all taken significant hits on the Haitian people and claimed many lives and set them that much further back from becoming a thriving country. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Demographics: The People Of Haiti <ul><li>The majority of the population lives in urban and coastal areas or in the valleys.
  8. 8. 80-85% of Haitians are of predominantly West African descent and the hispanic residents that do live there are mostly Cuban and Dominican.
  9. 9. Over half of the population is made up of woman, and over one third of the population is 15 or under. The life expectancy in Haiti is about 62 years old compared to the 78 years of an average American. </li></ul>A young woman waits to be seen at a medical clinic and a young girl begging for food.
  10. 10. Demographics: Religion <ul><li>Over half Haiti is Roman Catholic, the remainder of the populations practices Protestantism or Vodou.
  11. 11. Because of the significant differences is Roman Catholicism and Vodouism many of the staunch Roman Catholics deny that so many practice Vodou. Although some do practice both. </li></ul>The oldest Catholic church in Haiti
  12. 12. Demographics: Language and Education <ul><li>Haiti has two official languages, Haitian Creole and French. Spanish is not considered an official language but because of Haiti's neighbors it is spoken near the borders. English is starting to be used more frequently by the young adults and in places of business where English speaking patrons may be found. </li></ul><ul><li>Education is a priority among the Haitians but because of the costs and slightly more than half of the population makes it to secondary school and even of those only 63% will finish. </li></ul>
  13. 13. History: Haiti's Independence <ul><li>When the French invaded Haiti in the early 1800's they did not last long and lost much of their force to disease and a strong willed force of Haitians.
  14. 14. Haiti is the only country to be founded because of a slave revolt.
  15. 15. Haiti was divided into North and South regions and ruled separately In 1821 Haiti was joined together the two regions to form one united country. </li></ul>
  16. 16. History: John Pierre Boyer <ul><li>John Pierre Boyer was a half French half African. He fought against the British during the slave revolt and was a key player in claiming Haiti's freedom from France. He is also responsible for reuniting Haiti after it had been divided and became the second President of Haiti. </li></ul>
  17. 17. History: The Change Of A Lifetime <ul><li>In 2010 a large magnitude earthquake hit Haiti's capital Port Au Prince. This earthquake claimed 230,000 lives and destroyed structures beyond repair. Haiti has always struggled economically and this earthquake most definitely set the country back. Many countries came to the aid of Haiti and are still currently trying to rebuild the affected areas. The rebuilding of Haiti will take years if not decades and it is unknown if they will ever fully recover. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Sources <ul><li>Wikipedia contributors. &quot;Haiti.&quot; Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia . Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 24 Jul. 2011. Web. 25 Jul. 2011.
  19. 19. Wikipedia contributors. &quot;Demographics of Haiti.&quot; Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia , The Free Encyclopedia, 26 Jun. 2011. Web. 25 Jul. 2011.
  20. 20. Wikipedia contributors. &quot;Haitian Revolution.&quot; Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia . Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 19 Jul. 2011. Web. 25 Jul. 2011. </li></ul>

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