0
Child Labor and Trafficking In the Developing World <ul><li>Child Trafficking accounts for  20 % of human trafficking </li...
Child Labor and Trafficking In the Developing World <ul><li>Recently </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dehli, India </li></ul></ul><ul...
Child Labor and Trafficking In the Developing World <ul><li>Trafficked Children Suffer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical Abus...
Child Labor and Trafficking In the Developing World <ul><li>Trafficked Children at Risk </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Populations ...
Child Labor and Trafficking In the Developing World <ul><li>Ethical Issues Raised </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Categorical Impera...
References <ul><li>Fitzgibbon, Kathleen.  “Modern Day Slavery?”  African Security Review 12.1.  2003.  Pages  86-87 </li><...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Child Labor

1,349

Published on

Child Labor and Trafficking

Agron 342

Published in: Education
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,349
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
48
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Child Labor"

  1. 1. Child Labor and Trafficking In the Developing World <ul><li>Child Trafficking accounts for 20 % of human trafficking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>West Africa nearly 100% children </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>79% sexual exploitation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>18% forced labor </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bonded labor </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Domestic servitude </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Organ removal </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Forced marriage </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Warfare </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many children sold into bondage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pay off parents debt or as collateral </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To provide food for rest of family </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Poverty </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Source: Perschler-Desai, 2001 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Source: Terzieff, 2009 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  2. 2. Child Labor and Trafficking In the Developing World <ul><li>Recently </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dehli, India </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interstate trafficking gang arrested </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Two children </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>8 years and 18-months old </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Also accused of kidnapping 6 other children </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sold elsewhere </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Source: The Times of India </li></ul></ul>Traffickers during India’s floods this past fall. Source: Terra Daily, New Dehli, India
  3. 3. Child Labor and Trafficking In the Developing World <ul><li>Trafficked Children Suffer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical Abuse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Caused by minor mistakes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sexual Harassment and Assault </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>not known because of isolation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Psychological Abuse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Verbal abuse and threats </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forced Labor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Locked in employers homes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Source: Human Rights Watch </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Van carrying trafficked children at the Benin/Nigeria border in West Africa </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Source: US Aid Benin </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Child Labor and Trafficking In the Developing World <ul><li>Trafficked Children at Risk </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Populations increasing because vulnerability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Economic migrants </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Political asylum seekers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>homeless/jobless </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Civil wars or natural disasters </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tanzania, East Africa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Example in 2001 and growing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>11% of Children are orphans </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>920,000 lost 1 parent to HIV/Aids </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>165,000 lost both parents </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Source: Fitzgibbon, 2003 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Vulnerable refugee children in Thailand </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Source: Care Inc. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Child Labor and Trafficking In the Developing World <ul><li>Ethical Issues Raised </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Categorical Imperative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Children shouldn’t be treated as means to an end </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom of choice </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Right to freedom </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Right not to be tortured </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Utilitarianism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Greatest good for the greatest number </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Distribute wealth </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Children not sold into bondage </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Survivors of child trafficking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bali, Indonesia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1-year training at Gwan Multipurpose center to start their own businesses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Source: thenewsline.com </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. References <ul><li>Fitzgibbon, Kathleen. “Modern Day Slavery?” African Security Review 12.1. 2003. Pages 86-87 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Inter-state child trafficking gang busted.” The Times of India. Feb. 2009. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/Cities/Patna/Inter-state-child-trafficking-gang-busted/articleshow/4172369.cms </li></ul><ul><li>Perschler-Desai, Viktoria. “Childhood On the Market.” African Security Review 10.4. 2001 http://www.issafrica.org/Pubs/ASR/10No4/Perschler.html </li></ul><ul><li>Terzieff, Juliette. “Rights & Wrongs: Child Soldiers, Human Trafficking and More.” Feb. 2009. http://www.worldpoliticsreview.com/article.aspx?id=3327 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Violence against Child Domestic Workers.” Human Rights Watch. Feb. 2007. http://www.hrw.org/legacy/english/docs/2007/02/20/global15343.htm </li></ul>
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×