Geography project Culture Of Saudi Arabia Done by: Deyala Badawi. Grade: 7ASource: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Culture of Saudi ArabiaThe cultural setting of Saudi Arabia is Arab and Muslim, and featuresmany elements from historical ritual and folk culture such as dance andmusic. Traditional values and cultural mores are adapted into legalprohibitions, even for non-Muslims. Alcoholic beverages are prohibitedas is pork products. Popular forms of media entertainment are banned orpermitted under tight controls to prohibit the spread of immoral words,images or ideas.DressSaudi Arabian dress follows strictly the principles of hijab (the Islamicprinciple of modesty, especially in dress). The predominantly loose andflowing, but covering, garments are helpful in Saudi Arabias desertclimate. Traditionally, men usually wear an ankle-length shirt wovenfrom wool or cotton (known as a thawb), with a keffiyeh (a largecheckered square of cotton held in place by a cord coil) or a ghutra (aplain white square made of finer cotton, also held in place by a cord coil)worn on the head..
Civil societyInformal public discussion of public policy is not actively encouraged,although it is not expressly illegal per say, unless it is deemed to bepromoting immorality, dissent or disloyalty. The government has createda national Consultative Council, and given permission for certain"societies" to exist; and limited non-partisan municipal elections wereheld in 2005. Yet, the Consultative Council is an appointed body withlimited powers, and the legal societies have little ability to influencegovernment policy. Labor unions are prohibited, as are political parties,although a few underground political parties do exist.Music and danceOne of Saudi Arabias most compelling folk rituals is the Al Ardha, thecountrys national dance. This sword dance is based on ancient Bedouintraditions: drummers beat out a rhythm and a poet chants verses whilesword-carrying men dance shoulder to shoulder. Al-sihba folk music, from theHejaz, has its origins in al-Andalus. In Mecca, Medina and Jeddah, dance andsong incorporate the sound of the mizmar, an oboe-like woodwind instrumentin the performance of the mizmar dance. The drum is also an importantinstrument according to traditional and tribal customs. Samri is a populartraditional form of music and dance in which poetry is sung. There is also theDabka dance in the north, and belly dance for ladies with many styles, suchas khaleeji style in the east, and saedi style in Hijaz.