INFECTION CONTROL by SIMPLE APPROACHES

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INFECTION CONTROL by SIMPLE APPROACHES

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INFECTION CONTROL by SIMPLE APPROACHES

  1. 1. INFECTION CONTROL SIMPLE APPRAOCHES Dr.T.V.Rao MD Dr.T.V.Rao MD 1
  2. 2. The Programme is Dedicated to Two Great people who contributed for Human Survival Dr.T.V.Rao MD 2
  3. 3. It is the duty of everyone to control the Infections in the Health care Demonstrate the devastating effects of inadequate infection control and know how to minimize the risks of contaminationDr.T.V.Rao MD 3
  4. 4. All the Health care Professional should be familiar Know the extent of the problem of infection Know the main causes and types of infection Dr.T.V.Rao MD 4
  5. 5. All the Health Care Professionals to be Familiar apply universal precautions be immunized against Hepatitis B use personal protection methods know what to do if exposed encourage others to use universal precautionsDr.T.V.Rao MD 5
  6. 6. What we all should Know Today ? Antibiotics are losing the Potentials with emerging drug resistance Dr.T.V.Rao MD 6
  7. 7. Hospital acquired Infection – a Threat to Everyone increased rates of nosocomial infections Dr.T.V.Rao MD 7
  8. 8. What Happens to Infected Patients infected patients:  stay longer in hospital  die  treated with more toxic and less effective drugs  prone to surgical site infections Dr.T.V.Rao MD 8
  9. 9. What are Important Campaigns going on WHO “Clean hands are safer hands” campaign Dr.T.V.Rao MD 9
  10. 10. Centre for disease control ( CDC ) educates Centres for Disease Control and Prevention campaign to prevent antimicrobial resistance in health- care settings Dr.T.V.Rao MD 10
  11. 11. Institute of Health care Campaign Institute for Healthcare Improvement “5 million lives” campaign Dr.T.V.Rao MD 11
  12. 12. What Causes Infection person-person via hands of health-care providers patients and visitors Dr.T.V.Rao MD 12
  13. 13. Our Personal equipment can cause Infections personal equipment (e.g. stethoscopes, personal digital assistants) and clothing Dr.T.V.Rao MD 13
  14. 14. Our Environment can be Threat to Patients environmental contamination airborne transmission Dr.T.V.Rao MD 14
  15. 15. A Carrier in be source of Infection carriers on the hospital staff rare common- source outbreaks Dr.T.V.Rao MD 15
  16. 16. Main types of infections urinary track infections usually associated with catheters Surgical infections blood stream infections associated with the use of an intravascular device pneumonia associated with ventilators other sites Dr.T.V.Rao MD 16
  17. 17. Burke J Infection control-a problem for patient safety New Eng Journal of Medicine Main types of infections Dr.T.V.Rao MD 17
  18. 18. Prevention through hand washing  how to clean hands  rationale for choice of clean hand practice  technique for hand hygiene  protecting hands from decontaminates  promoting adherence to hand hygiene guidelines Dr.T.V.Rao MD 18
  19. 19. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 19
  20. 20. Act to minimize spread of infection  before contact with each and every patient:  clean hands before touching a patient  clean hands before an aseptic task Dr.T.V.Rao MD 20
  21. 21. Act to minimize spread of infection after contact with each and every patient:  clean hands after any risk of exposure to body fluids  clean hands after actual patient contact  clean hands after contact with patient surroundings Dr.T.V.Rao MD 21
  22. 22. Encourage others to participate in infection control  students may routinely observe staff who:  apply inadequate technique in hand washing  fail to wash hands  routinely violate correct infection control procedures Dr.T.V.Rao MD 22
  23. 23. What are Our Responsibilities accept responsibility for minimizing opportunities for infection transmission educate patients and families/visitors about clean hands and infection transmission Dr.T.V.Rao MD 23
  24. 24. Never Forget Everyone is a Active Member in the Infection Control Dr.T.V.Rao MD 24
  25. 25. HAND WASHING STILL WAY TO SAVE MANY LIVES Dr.T.V.Rao MD 25
  26. 26. Programme Created and Designed by Dr.T.V.Rao MD for world wide campaign on Creating safer Hospitals and Prevention of Infection Email doctortvrao@gmail.com Dr.T.V.Rao MD 26
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