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Training and implementation of medical informatics in medical colleges in indiaDocument Transcript
Training and Implementation of Medical informatics in Medical Colleges in India *Dr.T.V.Rao MD "Medical informatics" is the main constituent of biomedicalinformatics, the field that concerns itself with the cognitive, informationprocessing and communication tasks of medical practice, education, andresearch, including the information science and the technology tosupport these tasks. It is an intrinsically interdisciplinary field, with ahighly applied focus, but it also addresses a number of fundamentalresearch problems as well as planning and policy issues. Academic unitsof medical informatics are being established at a number of medicalcolleges and Institutions, medical informatics professionals are beingsought to serve on faculties and hospital staffs, and medical informaticsemerging as a distinct academic entity.Information and communication technology is comprised of computers,networks, satellite communications, robotics, videotext, cable television,electronic mail ("e-mail"), and automated office equipment.Developments in information and communication technologies (ICT)have resulted in an increasing use of these technologies in the practice ofmedicine and in the provision of medical care. The gap between thedeveloped and the developing world that exists in information andcommunication services is also present in a rather dramatic fashion inthe health sector. The health sector is about fifteen years behind othersectors in application of information and communication technologies.Computers are increasingly affordable; they continue to be morepowerful as information-processing tools as well as easier to use. Therapid emergence of the information and communication technology(ICT) sector has placed India on the global stage during the last one anda half decades.
Early academic units for "medical" or "health" informatics tended tofocus on application of informatics to support clinical practice andclinical research; often, at many well organized institutions, academicunits devoted to bioinformatics and clinical informatics evolvedseparately.As we have to use information and communication technologies (ICT)in education but how to do so, and how to ensure equitable access forteachers and learners, ICT removes problems concerning space and time.Computers are increasingly used in medical education. Electroniclearning (e-learning) is moving from textbooks in electronic format (thatare increasingly enhanced by the use of multimedia adjuncts) to a trulyinteractive medium that can be delivered to meet the educational needsof students and postgraduate learners– The students can communicate anywhere, any time– The students can contact the teacher anywhere, any time– The students can collect and exchange information anywhere, anytime• ICT gives access to knowledge– In principle the students can draw on a global pool of knowledge• ICT makes saving – and sharing – knowledge easier– The students can, individually and/or together create records ofnotes and presentations (portfolio) and thus register their progress anduse it for examsSeveral studies proved that empowering students with resources fromICT makes Learning for Life• Awareness of learning strategies
• Acting responsibly in improving the personal and professionalstandards• Adopting to increasingly globalized world• Communication of knowledge across geographical and culturalborders makes the strengths of ours to global population.• Formulating his/her own goals for the learning process• Controlling the personal learning process• Finding relevant information• Organizing and formulating knowledge on their own• Production of knowledge rather than just re-production.The following are identified as important challenges, and should beincorporated and addressed in the curriculum and training.The first challengeWe have to prepare future physicians for the changing behaviors ofpatients, who are increasingly Internet-savvy and who sometimes appearto know more about their diseases than their own teachers.The second challengeThis is closely linked to the first, is to raise awareness among physiciansand Medical students in training of the many benefits of using ICT toImprove not only the quality of interventions and health care deliverybut, from a broader perspective, the organization of the health caresystem itself
The third challengeIs to motivate medical students and practitioners to use ICT to findinformation, learn and develop. It is proposed that informationLiteracy should be a mandatory skill for all medical students. The e-learning mode of training is also addressed. Although underemployed inmost medical faculties, it represents the future of initial and continuousmedical training. Virtual resources and communities, simulations and3D animations are also discussed.The fourth challenge.A further challenge inherent to the use of ICT in medical education ishow to implement this innovation into teaching and learningInformation literacyShould be considered a mandatory skill in the training of allphysicians E-learning, although not yet very widespread in, Medicalfaculties, represents the future of initial and continuous medical training.Tools such as virtual simulators, 3D animations, and virtualcommunities and e-portfolios are important innovations that will have agrowing impact on medical education and practiceObjectives: To train all the Medical students and Faculty in the Medicalinformation and TechnologyAll the Medical students and Faculty should be trained in the followingtopics with necessary lectures and Demonstration on the followingtopics. Necessary information and books for learning will be providedwith soft copies.1 Computer and power of computers in the science and medicine2 Use of Internet, Modern methods in Internet search
3 Information and communication technology for Medical professionals4. Retrieval of Medical information5. e-learning in Medicine6. Podcasting and Video casting in Medicine7. Contributing and sharing our knowledge on World Wide Web.India is going for rapid expansion of Medical colleges and Institutions,Many senior teachers have to adapt to newer methods of training andteaching the students or else it is difficult to cope up with the speed ofchanges taking place in every branch of Medicine. Medical informaticscertainly helps to fill the gaps in our teaching methods.About the Author*Dr.T.V.Rao MD working as professor Of Microbiology, TravancoreMedical College, Kollam, Kerala, Freelancer on Medical InformaticsFor Suggestions, comments and training assistance contactEmail email@example.comMob 9961785124 / 9740975929