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  • Thank you for the message where are you working now Hope you are working at Pathology Department with good wishes Dr.T.V.Rao MD
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  • Excellent Work and contribution to medical fraternity. Hope U remember me as UR senior colleague in Andhra Medical College, Visakhapatnam
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  • 1. TECHNOLOGY FOR Medical Teachers Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  • 2. TECHNOLOGY FOR Medical Teachers Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  • 3. Our Vision to Future Dangers of looking to the future How to look to the future Possible futures for health care The old world and the new world Reinventing medical education Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  • 4. What’s Going On in Education? Key Educational Trends Increased demand for information Proliferation of networked scholarly information Online education Course management systems Importance of the curriculum & training Improved usability of technologies & their impact on learning Source: Adapted from Robert Kvavik, “Technology in Support of Learning”
  • 5. Retreat Objective • To create educational ideas and implementation strategies that enable the UVA undergraduate medical curriculum to become more: – Content Integrated (basic and clinical) – Interactive in its Teaching & Learning Activities – Clinical Performance-Oriented (applied knowledge & understanding Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  • 6. Looking to the future: common mistakes People consistently overestimate the effect of short term change and underestimate the effect of long term change. Ian Morrison, former president of the Institute for the Future Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  • 7. Why bother with the future? The point is not to predict the future but to prepare for it and to shape it Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  • 8. Online learning is for Everyone Online learning tools and technologies have surfaced in recent years but the impression we get is that e- learning is still confined to a little group of savvy educators who have understood how to leverage the power of the Internet for teaching and learning. Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  • 9. Technology enters in every Profession Technological innovations affect all aspects of our lives, personal and professional The Students of today are the leaders of tomorrow Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  • 10. Issue is How we prepare our Students How can we best prepare our students to be informed, conscientious leaders in a technologically Dr.T.V.Rao MD advanced society?
  • 11. Looking to the future: common mistakes People consistently overestimate the effect of short term change and underestimate the effect of long term change. Ian Morrison, former president of the Institute for the Future Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  • 12. Top-Ten Teaching and Learning Issues, 2007 1. Establishing & supporting a culture of evidence 2. Demonstrating improvement of learning 3. Translating learning research into practice 4. Selecting appropriate models & strategies for e- learning 5. Providing tools to meet growing student expectations Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  • 13. Top-Ten Teaching and Learning Issues, 2007 6. Providing professional development & support to new audiences 7. Sharing content, applications, & application development 8. Protecting institutional data 9. Addressing emerging ethical challenges 10. Understanding the evolving role of academic technologists. Source: Educause Quarterly, Number 3 2007, pp. 15-21. Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  • 14. Technology More demand Most significant effect in academic achievement. Spending for Technology has increased
  • 15. Examples of Technology Word Processor-simple tool based application Online repositories of scientific data Primary historical data Two way distant learning classrooms Closed circuit television channels
  • 16. E-learning is component of Distance Education Distance Education: Any Time, Any Place Instruction D r. T.
  • 17. Promotions….. Word processing/email communication skills Database & Spreadsheet programs organizational skills
  • 18. Bring in Change or You are Lost ? If you think that you can run an organisation in the next 10 years as you've run it in the past 10 years you're out of your mind."CEO, Coca Cola Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  • 19. Role of Doctor is Changing Old world: New world: Doctors Doctors work practice predominantly primarily as in teams individuals Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  • 20. Definition of Knowledge is Changing Old world: New world: Source of Source of knowledge is knowledge is systematic review expert opinion of evidence Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  • 21. Learner Characteristics Convenience Connectedness •Accessible & online •Highly mobile •Immediate •Devices & media that are portable •Anytime, anywhere & customizable •Support at all times •Reachable anywhere Control Learning •Customization •Visual images & multiple media •Multitasking •Experiential and participatory •Control when & where of discovery social interaction •Real time engagement •Social—work in teams
  • 22. Students are Multichannel, Multitasking Audio • Mobile phone • Music Visual • Television • Web lecture Interaction • Web surfing • Instant messaging Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  • 23. Why Technology ? Practice See one, do one, teach one Precertified on procedure Virtual hospital Simulations Content Books, Lectures CDs, Internet, Databases Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  • 24. What’s Going On in Technology? Key Technology Trends Smaller Faster Cheaper More mobile Changing often Converging Ubiquitous
  • 25. E-learning is Supported Technologies Synchronous and Asynchronous Technologies Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  • 26. The Learner Is the Center
  • 27. Synchronous Technologies Internet Classroom • Internet meeting software is used to create a virtual Internet classroom • Classes engage in discussion, materials exchange, presentations, and testing • Development time for creating an Internet class is significant Outcomes in terms of flexibility and innovation are worth the time Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  • 28. Asynchronous Technologies Email • Allows for teacher-student and student- student communication • Provides method for materials exchange through attachments • Offer opportunity for thoughtful exchange by all participants Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  • 29. E-mail Guidelines • Don't use the "To" field when e-mailing more than one person • Include a relevant "Subject" line • Don't overuse the "High Priority" option • Be concise and to the point • Don't write in all capital letters • Check for writing errors • Use simple formats 30 (continued)
  • 30. E-mail Guidelines (continued) • Don't send attachments unless absolutely necessary • Keep abbreviations to a minimum • Limit "smilies" to casual correspondence • Include a brief signature • Read before you send • Think before you send • Maintain the thread 31
  • 31. Doctors need change to be well informed Old world: New world: Most of what Doctors must use doctors need to information tools know is in their constantly heads Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  • 32. Selecting the Right Models No single model or strategy exists, but many successful models exist to emulate. Best choices are built on • Learner characteristics • Level of preparation • Preferred delivery modes • Technologies, support, & services available • Faculty characteristics • Institutional goals
  • 33. Use Rationalism in Power point Teaching PowerPoint is best used when students are expected to retain complex graphics, animation, and figures. For alphanumeric information (e.g. text and numbers) PowerPoint as well as traditional presentations can be used.
  • 34. Traditional Teaching still Impressive If students are expected to retain information and/or concepts that are best conveyed through dialog or verbal explanation, traditional presentations appear to be best. Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  • 35. Faculty Development Is Key Faculty are in a difficult place & faculty development is the key to change • Need to engage students • Need to maintain & develop their skills • Need to move outside the learning environment in which they started and were successful
  • 36. Developing Faculty to Use Technology with Success Pedagogy first, built on the science of learning. Resistance is futile; no more “stuff and dump” passive learners. Create active learning environments that invite understanding, and may include interactive face-to-face lecturing. Transformative faculty development is essential— opportunities to apply technology-enhanced learning practices to faculty’s own courses within their disciplines. Good reasons for changing are critical. Adapted from Educause Review, “Active Learning and Technology”
  • 37. Developing Faculty to Use Technology with Success Pedagogy first, built on the science of learning. Resistance is futile; no more “stuff and dump” passive learners. Create active learning environments that invite understanding, and may include interactive face-to-face lecturing. Transformative faculty development is essential— opportunities to apply technology-enhanced learning practices to faculty’s own courses within their disciplines. Good reasons for changing are critical. Adapted from Educause Review, “Active Learning and Technology”
  • 38. Global Medical Education Public health information needs worldwide network - SARS epidemic Similarly, medical education needs a global view: • Global Development Learning Network (GDLN - World Bank) • MedNET (India) Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  • 39. Issues in e-Education Teachers and/or students may not be ready for • New roles and responsibilities • New technologies • New methods and materials Teachers may need to adjust to increased time demands for planning and management Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  • 40. e- solutions Innovative, web-based learning and assessment environment that uses screen-based simulations to facilitate understanding and mastery of the skills needed to safely and accurately perform medication dosage calculations Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  • 41. Why Create a Portal? Many high-quality internet-based tools to support instruction, but most are not integrated. Number of choices is confusing. Most technologies are not personalized or customizable to the learner. The result: a lower quality academic experience
  • 42. Create Portal as Model with your Technical Resources The Portal is the U’s strategy to integrate many different independent applications into a unified system to support learning.
  • 43. Role of Faculty in Learning Environments: A New Model The presence of varied technologies and a University-wide strategy for making them accessible means faculty often have to rethink courses, programs, and roles.
  • 44. Create The Instructional Design Team Faculty Member/ Course Instructional Designer Content Expert Coordinator The Learner Graphic Artist Videographer Web Developer
  • 45. We teachers can bring in change Foster collaboration & interaction Learn best practices & find resources Encourage critical thinking & reflection Empower student voices Enrich the learning environment Support diverse learning styles Improve students’ communication skills Measure learning outcomes
  • 46. Make your Books Lighter with e-Readers Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  • 47. Teachers to Invest in Multimedia Gadgets – Technology is Power Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  • 48. 3G Networks bring the Knowledge in your Hands Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  • 49. Indian Government Initiates Affordable e-learning Tools India unveiled a Rs 1,500 (around $ 30) tablet PC designed specifically for students. "If more companies decide to manufacture a similar device, prices will come down automatically," Human Resource Development Minister Kapil Sibal said after unveiling the low cost- access-cum computing device here. The device would be made available to students in 2011.( as reported ) Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  • 50. Med NET India Broadband network Link medical schools, hospitals, public health centers For Tele-education Telehealth Bio-informatics Research Grid
  • 51. Technology is going to continue to progress… …Can you handle it?
  • 52. NO MATTER WHAT YOUR PRESENTATION IS ABOUT Never Forget 3 P’s Plan Prepare Practice Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  • 53. Technology is Eliminating Teacher and Student Gap ? Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  • 54. Technology is to used with caution? The ‘‘intelligent use” of educational technologies can be defined with three components (1) How do people learn (cognitive component)? (2) How can the learning experience be facilitated (instruction component)? (3) How can technology be used to improve instruction and learning (technology component)? Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  • 55. Most Important Word in Medicine In spite several advances in Medicine, knowledge and I Technology. Doctors should be honest to confess don’t know Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  • 56. Our Medical Educational Trends Difficult to Define “My medical education began three times. What I learnt at medical school was no use in the hospital. What I learnt in the hospital was no use in general practice.” Julian Tudor Hart (paraphrased)
  • 57. With Thanks - References from 1Medical Education and the Lambda Grid Parvati Dev, PhD Stanford University SUMMIT Lab 2Harnessing Technologies for Learning: Part One Academy Distinguished Teachers Fall Retreat 2007 Billie Wahlstrom, Vice Provost Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  • 58. Created by Dr.T.V.Rao MD for e- learning resources for Medical profession Email doctortvrao@gmail.com Dr.T.V.Rao MD