Successful teaching in Medicine

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Successful teaching in Medicine

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Successful teaching in Medicine

  1. 1. SUCCESSFUL TEACHING OF MEDICINE Dr.T.V.Rao MDDR.T.V.RAO MD 1
  2. 2. WHAT TEACHING MEANS IN MEDICINE• Teaching was a skill that you were expected to possess or acquire. Effective teaching techniques are now a requirement for doctors, and can be learnt and perfected like any other medical skill. Every doctor is expected to deliver teaching, whether to medical students, allied health professionals, or postgraduate doctors. Furthermore, there is an expectation to show formal training in teaching methodDR.T.V.RAO MD 2
  3. 3. THE SEVEN HABITS OF HIGHLY EFFECTIVE TEACHERThere is a saying "Poor teacher tells Good teacher teaches Best teacher inspires the students" and as Aristotle says "We are what we repeatedly do. Excellence, then, is not an act, but a habit".Our character, basically, is composite of our habitsSow a thought, Reap an action,Sow an action, Reap a habit,Sow a habit, And reap a character". DR.T.V.RAO MD 3
  4. 4. Habits are powerful factors in our lives. Because theyare consistent, often unconscious patterns, theyconstantly, daily express our character and produceour effectiveness or ineffectiveness.To become a highly effective and best teacher oneshould posses sound character and good habits. TheSeven Habits of Highly Effective Teacher is Habits ofEffectiveness. They are based on principles, theybecome the basis of a persons character, creating anempowering center of correct maps from which ateacher can effectively inspire the students andcontinually learn and integrate other principles in anupward spiral of growth. DR.T.V.RAO MD 4
  5. 5. The seven habits are1. Be proactive Principles of Personal Vision over Teaching a:nd Learning.2 . Begin with the End in mind Principles of Personal Leadership3. Put first things first Principles of Personal Management.4. Think win-win Principles of Interpersonal Leadership5. Seek first to understand. . . Then to be understood Principles of Empathic Communication with students6. Synergize Principles of creative cooperation7. Sharpen the saw Principles of Balanced Self-Renewal We can use these seven principles to help guide our actions as we improve our ability to provide access, equity and success for our students. DR.T.V.RAO MD 5
  6. 6. SELECTED STRATEGIES FOR SUCCESSFUL TRAININGS• Principles of Adult Learning.• • Active Learning.• • Instructional Strategies.DR.T.V.RAO MD 6
  7. 7. OUR MEDICAL STUDENTS ARE ADULTS AND NOT JUST CHILDREN• Are autonomous and self-directed.• • Have a foundation little of life experiences and knowledge.• • Are goal-oriented.• • Are relevancy-oriented.• • Are practical.• • Need to be shown respect. DR.T.V.RAO MD 7
  8. 8. ADULT LEARNERS ARE AUTONOMOUS AND SELF-DIRECTED• Implications:• Actively involve participants.• • Serve as their facilitator, rather than teacher.• • Find out what the participants want to learn before designing the training.DR.T.V.RAO MD 8
  9. 9. IF YOU ARE A BETTER TEACHER – YOU ARE ASSET AND NOT A LIABILITY There is an expectation toshow formal training inteaching methods. Apassionate teacher will bean asset to any medicaldepartment. This, coupledwith the personalsatisfaction of being aneffective teacher, is themotivation to become abetter medical educator.DR.T.V.RAO MD 9
  10. 10. WISH TO BE A GOOD TEACHER PRACTICE A LITTLE OF BELOWDR.T.V.RAO MD 10
  11. 11. OUR STUDENTS ARE ADULTS AND NOT JUST CHILDREN IN A SCHOOL• It is vital to have a basic grasp of how adults learn, the different learning styles, how to adapt your teaching to different situations, and an understanding of assessment. This can all be gained from self directed reading of general teaching texts; however, newer teaching manuals aimed specifically at teaching in medical education are often more digestible.DR.T.V.RAO MD 11
  12. 12. LEARNING FROM FEED BACK• Self improvement in any skill requires knowledge of how you are currently performing. It is well known that feedback improves performance.[3] Constructive feedback facilitates refinement and evolution of any teaching episode, whether it is a specific lecture or a whole curriculum. Appropriate feedback can be gained through several methods:• Feedback from students• Self (reflection)• Feedback from other teachers or colleagues.DR.T.V.RAO MD 12
  13. 13. SELF ASSESSMENT CONTINUES TO BE IMPORTANT FOR YOUR IMPROVEMENT• Self feedback is the most consistent method and thus, in some ways, the most reliable. Feedback from colleagues is more difficult to obtain, and some people believe that the intrusive nature of direct observation falsifies the teaching environment and is unreliableDR.T.V.RAO MD 13
  14. 14. DR.T.V.RAO MD 14
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  16. 16. TEACHERS CANNOT SURVIVE LONG WITHOUT TECHNOLOGY• E-learning and webcasting are examples of educational strategies that have become commonplace in many medical institutions. More recently, interest has moved towards the use of mobile technologies to improve learning. Podcasts and vodcasts, audio and video files respectively, can be downloaded to portable computer devices such as an MP3 player. They are being increasingly used for lectures. Some of their many advantages include portability, facilitation of learning “on the go,” and encouragement of self directed learning. Selective replay to consolidate particular weaknesses can also be useful.DR.T.V.RAO MD 16
  17. 17. TEACH THE STUDENTS WITH SIMULATIONS• Simulation based medical education allows the learner to use a variety of resources that aim to mimic real life situations. Simulation includes simplistic (low fidelity) procedural models that have been used for many years to assist individuals in task specific clinical skills—for example, genitourinary models for catheterisation, hand washing, or other critical procedures DR.T.V.RAO MD 17
  18. 18. TEACHING WITH EVIDENCE IMPROVES THE STANDARDS IN MODERN MEDICINE In clinical medicine, evidence based practice in clinicaleducation is paramount. As medical educators it is essential toensure that the methods used, in which there is considerablenational financial investment, are improving the practice offuture doctors and therefore patients’ outcomes. The days of“see one, do one, teach one” are being replaced by teachingmethods that are backed by research. High quality evidence isnecessary to establish policy and practice of the higheststandard and has resulted in the formation of specificorganisations such as Best Evidence Medical Education.DR.T.V.RAO MD 18
  19. 19. OUR TRAINING SHOULD CHANGE FROM PASSIVE LEARNING TO ACTIVE LEARNING• Learning is not a spectator sport.• • The more actively engaged the learner is, the more learning takes place.• • Different instructional methodologies have greater rates of retention.DR.T.V.RAO MD 19
  20. 20. ROLE MODEL TEACHING WILL CERTAINLY CHANGE THE METHODS IN TEACHING• There are several strategies you might want to consider depending on your audience and the purpose of your training. Some of the strategies are particularly relevant for food-safe schools. For example, role-playing could be incorporated by having participants practice talking to a teacher, administrator, or someone else about a particular problem that’s occurring. Several of these strategies are included in the activities in this training manual.DR.T.V.RAO MD 20
  21. 21. WHERE EVER YOU WORK PRACTICE ……• Regardless of whom you are training, you will need to follow the principles of adult learning theory and active learning. Portions of this training have provided examples of some active learning strategies you might want to include in your own trainings.DR.T.V.RAO MD 21
  22. 22. THE IDEAL TEACHERObservation of teachers over a good many years indicated thatthe personality of the teacher is key factor in success orotherwise. Traits and skills which students appear to value areindicated below. How do you measure against the idealteacher?The Ideal Teacher:• is expert in own subjects• is expert in the teaching role, well organized, well prepared• is confident, open to suggestions, other viewpoints,• is flexible and approachable• is interested in individual students, and spends time with them• is consistent in the treatment of everyone DR.T.V.RAO MD 22
  23. 23. Try to ……• Use humor it builds bridges• listen it earns respect• be positive and build relationships.• know your students as individuals.• be consistent If you have a problem, do not brood. Talk over the issues with a colleague DR.T.V.RAO MD 23
  24. 24. THE GOOD AND COMPETENT TEACHERS ARE ALWAYS REMEMBERED The Programme Created by Dr.T.V.Rao MD for Medical Faculty email doctortvrao@gmail.comDR.T.V.RAO MD 24

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