e-Education
Virtual Learning
Dr.T.V.Rao MD

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

1
As said by William Arthur Ward
• The mediocre
teacher tells. The
good teacher
explains. The
superior teacher
demonstrates....
What is Learning
• Is a relatively permanent
change in behaviour that
comes about as a result
of a planned experience
Resu...
Dr.T.V.Rao MD

4
Traditional Methods of Teaching
• Teachers need to understand a subject enough
to convey its essence to students. While
tr...
Socratic method
• Socratic method named after the
classical Greek philosopher Socrates,
is a form of inquiry and discussio...
Concept of Teaching
• Teaching is a series
of planned
experiences which
brings about a
relatively
permanent change
in beha...
Background
•Shortage of trained faculty and
increase in number of Medical
colleges medical students in
India.
•Online reso...
Who are Our Studetns

Can be from different Paths?

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

9
Dr.T.V.Rao MD

10
Teacher Under Confusion ???

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

11
Literacy for the 21st century…
…rather on can you find it, analyze it, adapt it,
and synthesize it?

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

12
Definitions

Pedagogy
‘systematized instruction or principles
promote student learning’ (Kelly, 2004)

that

e-Learning
e-...
E-Learning and virtual learning
environments are not just the process of a
document management system
“E-Learning is the l...
Components of e-learning
e-learning is the
use of technology
and services
to deliver a
curricula and,
ultimately, to
facil...
e-Learning Ladder

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

16
• Accessibility
– Page layouts, Text2
Speech, Location,
language.
• Multimedia
– Webinars, Videos,
games, pictures, EPortf...
Many Methods of E-learning
•
•
•
•

Learning Styles
Kinaesthetic (learn by doing), Visual, Auditory
Collaboration (student...
Delivering Education
e-Learning is a
tool used within
each point of
the education
process
and
powerfully
coordinates the
o...
Traditional Teaching is
Monotonous can lead too ???

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

20
Issues facing the System
• The Productivity
Squeeze: “Cheaper,
Faster, Better”
• Fallacy: That we can
use Less resources T...
Education is Changing from Socratic
Methods to Cyber Learning

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

22
Internet Changes the World
• The internet is
computer based global
information system. It
is composed of many
interconnect...
e-Learning Components
Computers,
mobile
Technologies

Sharing
information
online &
offline

Testing
modules
online

e-Lear...
All are One with Internet
• The internet has
brought a
transformation in
many aspects of
life. It is one of the
biggest
co...
Knowledge with Touch of Button
• The access to
information being one
of the most important.
Student can now have
access to...
How to Search the Internet

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

27
Best way to search
• Click on the I’m Feeling Lucky button on Google’s
home page to go directly to the first result for
yo...
What Medical personal Search
• The evolution of the electronic age has led to the
development of numerous medical database...
DuckDuckGo
You are searching safely
• DuckDuckGo
prevents search
leakage by default.
The other sites will
still know that ...
Technology is supported by Online
Education
• Technology is an
increasingly influential
factor in education.
Computers and...
Computers Empower Education
• The
proliferation of
computers also
means the
increase of
programming
and blogging.
Dr.T.V.R...
e-Learning An Emerging methodology in
Teaching and Training
• E-education (also known as e-learning

and online education)...
Technology a boon to Education
• Technology offers
powerful learning tools
that demand new skills
and understandings of
st...
Multimedia is Media and content
• Multimedia is media
and content that uses a
combination of
different content forms.
havi...
Multimedia has several
combination of Technologies
• Multimedia
includes a
combination of
text, audio, still
images,
anima...
Technology helps teaching and
assessment of students
• The use of technologies
such as PowerPoint and
interactive whiteboa...
Power Point Configuration

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

38
PowerPoint Contains
• PowerPoint presentations
consist of a number of
individual pages or
"slides". The "slide"
analogy is...
Death of Power Point

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

40
Multimedia Learning
• learning with multimedia
the brain must
simultaneously encode
two different types of
information, an...
Listening and Viewing have greater
impact on Learning
• Psychological
research has shown
that verbal
information is in
fac...
Working memory increases with
Audiovisual Impact
• Baddeley and Hitch
proposed a theory of
working memory in
1974 which ha...
Audience Response System helps in
Instantesous Responses in Learning
• The Audience Response
System (ARS), which allows
im...
Spatial Contiguity Principle
• Spatial Contiguity
Principle - "Students
learn better when
corresponding words
and pictures...
Temporal Contiguity PrincipleTemporal Contiguity
Principle-"Students
learn better when
corresponding
words and pictures
ar...
Coherence Principle
• Coherence Principle - "Students learn
better when extraneous material is
excluded rather than includ...
Technology based Patient care areas
• Classroom of the Future
featured the usual HMS
classroom technology,
including a Web...
Information Technology enriches
Hospital Services
• Ensuring that System
remains conducive
despite diminishing
resources a...
Performance Objective

Plan to Develop an
e-learning module for
the respective subject
domain
Dr.T.V.Rao MD

50
Diverse Programs created to suit
the Learners
• Virtual classrooms
that can be accessed
from anywhere Well
educated,
profe...
Dr.T.V.Rao MD

52
Why Medical teachers need
e-Teaching Methods ???
• Modern children are
ready for e-education,
and that e-learning is a
goo...
Why Students Switching to

Internet
• Flexibility is one of the
most attractive
elements of online
learning, but the
benef...
Technology creates Virtual
Class Rooms:

• Virtual classrooms that
can be accessed from
anywhere Well
educated, profession...
Real Time Training
• Technical programs that
provide real-time
training Freedom to
enhance skills –and
resume – while stil...
On line Education is fast growing

Technology

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

57
Podcasting in Medicine
• According to Wikipedia,
podcasting is a "method of
publishing audio
broadcasts via the
Internet."...
Podcasting Concept

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

59
IPods a Boon to Medical Profession
• People think of iPods,
they think of
downloaded music or
maybe videos. They
think of ...
iPods in Medical Profession
• iPods are perfect for this.
With a small, compact
size and easy to use
formatting, they are
...
IPod in Patient care
• Hospitals in Europe and
Australia are using iPods
to train new
employees.. Or they can
use iPods to...
Medical students empowered
with iPods
• Medical students are
starting to use iPods for
classes as well. Teachers
can use p...
Podcasts helps in critical learning in
Diagnosis of Heart Murmurs
• Michael Barrett, a
cardiologist and
professor at Templ...
We listen to the Murmurs and can
Perfect the Practice
• Heart murmurs
are converted to
MP3 format
that his
students could
...
Heart Sounds in IPod
• Students who used his
"Heart Songs" on average
exercised 90% accuracy
rates in detecting murmurs,
c...
Patients too learn through
Podcasts
• Grayson Wheatley, a
cardiovascular surgeon
at the Arizona Heart
Institute and Hospit...
Subscribe to Medical Podcasts
• The Arizona Heart Institute
and Hospital launched the
Cardiovascular Multimedia
Informatio...
Podcasts for Learning and Teaching

Are you new ???
• A podcast is an audio file
(MP3 format) published on
the Internet. Y...
Install the Soft ware applications and
Subscribe
• To subscribe to Medicine
Net's medical podcasts,
download and install o...
RSS feeds can teach anything
• Medicine Net also has
medical RSS feeds available
on many medical topics.
These medical RSS...
So what is the critical link to
make this all work?
• Internet is more than
computer network
• Internet is a network of
pe...
Who is Well Informed Person in this Class

Teacher or Students ???

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

73
Every thing is Changing
Are we

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

74
No one is old to Neglect the

Technology

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

75
Dr.T.V.Rao MD

76
As said by Jim Henson
• Studetns don't
remember
what you try to
teach them.
They
remember
what you are.”
Dr.T.V.Rao MD

77
Visit me …….

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

78
Dr.T.V.Rao MD

79
• Programme Created by Dr.T.V.Rao MD for
Benefit of Medical and Paramedical Studetns
in the Developing World
• Email

• do...
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E leanring and Virtual Learning

  1. 1. e-Education Virtual Learning Dr.T.V.Rao MD Dr.T.V.Rao MD 1
  2. 2. As said by William Arthur Ward • The mediocre teacher tells. The good teacher explains. The superior teacher demonstrates. The great teacher inspires.” Dr.T.V.Rao MD 2
  3. 3. What is Learning • Is a relatively permanent change in behaviour that comes about as a result of a planned experience Results from the interaction between what we already know, new information we encounter, and what we do as we learn Dr.T.V.Rao MD 3
  4. 4. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 4
  5. 5. Traditional Methods of Teaching • Teachers need to understand a subject enough to convey its essence to students. While traditionally this has involved lecturing on the part of the teacher, new instructional strategies such as team-based learning put the teacher more into the role of course designer, discussion facilitator, and coach and the student more into the role of active learner, discovering the subject of the course. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 5
  6. 6. Socratic method • Socratic method named after the classical Greek philosopher Socrates, is a form of inquiry and discussion between individuals, based on asking and answering questions to stimulate critical thinking and to illuminate ideas. It is a dialectical method, Dr.T.V.Rao MD 6
  7. 7. Concept of Teaching • Teaching is a series of planned experiences which brings about a relatively permanent change in behaviour in learners Dr.T.V.Rao MD 7
  8. 8. Background •Shortage of trained faculty and increase in number of Medical colleges medical students in India. •Online resources can reach out across time and space barriers. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 8
  9. 9. Who are Our Studetns Can be from different Paths? Dr.T.V.Rao MD 9
  10. 10. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 10
  11. 11. Teacher Under Confusion ??? Dr.T.V.Rao MD 11
  12. 12. Literacy for the 21st century… …rather on can you find it, analyze it, adapt it, and synthesize it? Dr.T.V.Rao MD 12
  13. 13. Definitions Pedagogy ‘systematized instruction or principles promote student learning’ (Kelly, 2004) that e-Learning e-Learning is defined as “the delivery of learning with the assistance of interactive, electronic technology, whether offline or online” (Beetham, 2002). Distance Learning Distance Learning refers to the educational activities, which interactively link two or more people at two or more locations, separated from one another by space and/or time (Rwagasana, 2003). Dr.T.V.Rao MD 13
  14. 14. E-Learning and virtual learning environments are not just the process of a document management system “E-Learning is the learning process created by interaction with digitally delivered content, services and support” Dr.T.V.Rao MD 14
  15. 15. Components of e-learning e-learning is the use of technology and services to deliver a curricula and, ultimately, to facilitate learning. Technology Dr.T.V.Rao MD Curriculum Services 15
  16. 16. e-Learning Ladder Dr.T.V.Rao MD 16
  17. 17. • Accessibility – Page layouts, Text2 Speech, Location, language. • Multimedia – Webinars, Videos, games, pictures, EPortfolios, Blogs, forums, quizzes Dr.T.V.Rao MD 17
  18. 18. Many Methods of E-learning • • • • Learning Styles Kinaesthetic (learn by doing), Visual, Auditory Collaboration (student and lecturer) forums, blogs, peer review, Grademark, electronic chat, projects, wikis • Flexibility • Student paced and focused, E-submission and assessment, reduced contact hours, ‘location free’ Dr.T.V.Rao MD 18
  19. 19. Delivering Education e-Learning is a tool used within each point of the education process and powerfully coordinates the organization. Workforce Planning Excellence Performance Metrics Reporting and Feedback Implementation e-learning Assignment Training Evaluation Types of Learning Technologies Delivery Dr.T.V.Rao MD 19
  20. 20. Traditional Teaching is Monotonous can lead too ??? Dr.T.V.Rao MD 20
  21. 21. Issues facing the System • The Productivity Squeeze: “Cheaper, Faster, Better” • Fallacy: That we can use Less resources To train more students and/or conduct more programs and To produce more productive workers and/or get better results Dr.T.V.Rao MD 21
  22. 22. Education is Changing from Socratic Methods to Cyber Learning Dr.T.V.Rao MD 22
  23. 23. Internet Changes the World • The internet is computer based global information system. It is composed of many interconnected computer networks. Each network may link thousands of computers enabling them to share information Dr.T.V.Rao MD 23
  24. 24. e-Learning Components Computers, mobile Technologies Sharing information online & offline Testing modules online e-Learning Components Learning Administration Systems/backend Dr.T.V.Rao MD Capacity building (literacy/eTechnologies) Graphic/multimedia productions (Cdroms, DVDs etc) - Simulators Learning Management Systems (proprietary or open source) 24 24
  25. 25. All are One with Internet • The internet has brought a transformation in many aspects of life. It is one of the biggest contributors in making the world into a global Dr.T.V.Rao MD 25
  26. 26. Knowledge with Touch of Button • The access to information being one of the most important. Student can now have access to libraries around the world. Now at the touch of a button students have a huge database in front of them Dr.T.V.Rao MD 26
  27. 27. How to Search the Internet Dr.T.V.Rao MD 27
  28. 28. Best way to search • Click on the I’m Feeling Lucky button on Google’s home page to go directly to the first result for your query. Instead of showing you a list of pages, Google sends you immediately to the result that may be most relevant The evolution of the electronic age your query. e has led to the development of numerous medical databases on the World Wide Web, offering search facilities on a particular subject and the ability to perform citation analysis. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 28
  29. 29. What Medical personal Search • The evolution of the electronic age has led to the development of numerous medical databases on the World Wide Web, offering search facilities on a particular subject and the ability to perform citation analysis. • PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Google Scholar: • CDC Dr.T.V.Rao MD 29
  30. 30. DuckDuckGo You are searching safely • DuckDuckGo prevents search leakage by default. The other sites will still know that you visited them, but they will not know what search you entered beforehand. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 30
  31. 31. Technology is supported by Online Education • Technology is an increasingly influential factor in education. Computers and mobile phones are used in developed countries both to complement established education practices and develop new ways of learning such as online education Dr.T.V.Rao MD 31
  32. 32. Computers Empower Education • The proliferation of computers also means the increase of programming and blogging. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 32
  33. 33. e-Learning An Emerging methodology in Teaching and Training • E-education (also known as e-learning and online education) is the process of learning where computers are used at each possible step of the process: enrolment, instruction design, content delivery, evaluation, assessment and support. This mean that students and teachers do not have to sit in the classroom but instead they learn from anywhere in the world and in any time. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 33
  34. 34. Technology a boon to Education • Technology offers powerful learning tools that demand new skills and understandings of students, including Multimedia, and provides new ways to engage students, such as Virtual learning environments. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 34
  35. 35. Multimedia is Media and content • Multimedia is media and content that uses a combination of different content forms. having multiple content forms. The term is used in contrast to media which only use traditional forms of printed or handproduced material. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 35
  36. 36. Multimedia has several combination of Technologies • Multimedia includes a combination of text, audio, still images, animation, video, and interactivity content forms. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 36
  37. 37. Technology helps teaching and assessment of students • The use of technologies such as PowerPoint and interactive whiteboard is capturing the attention of students in the classroom. Technology is also being used in the assessment of students Dr.T.V.Rao MD 37
  38. 38. Power Point Configuration Dr.T.V.Rao MD 38
  39. 39. PowerPoint Contains • PowerPoint presentations consist of a number of individual pages or "slides". The "slide" analogy is a reference to the slide projector, Slides may contain text, graphics, movies, and other objects, which may be arranged freely on the slide Dr.T.V.Rao MD 39
  40. 40. Death of Power Point Dr.T.V.Rao MD 40
  41. 41. Multimedia Learning • learning with multimedia the brain must simultaneously encode two different types of information, an auditory stimulus and a visual stimulus. One might expect that these competing sources of information would tend to overwhelm or overload the learner Dr.T.V.Rao MD 41
  42. 42. Listening and Viewing have greater impact on Learning • Psychological research has shown that verbal information is in fact better remembered when accompanied by a visual image. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 42
  43. 43. Working memory increases with Audiovisual Impact • Baddeley and Hitch proposed a theory of working memory in 1974 which has two largely independent subcomponents that tend to work in parallel - one visual and one verbal/acoustic. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 43
  44. 44. Audience Response System helps in Instantesous Responses in Learning • The Audience Response System (ARS), which allows immediate feedback tests and classroom discussions. • Each person has a remote control with which selections can be made. Each remote communicates with a computer via receivers located around the room or via a single receiver connected to the presenter's computer using a USB connector. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 44
  45. 45. Spatial Contiguity Principle • Spatial Contiguity Principle - "Students learn better when corresponding words and pictures are presented near rather than far from each other on the page or Screen Dr.T.V.Rao MD 45
  46. 46. Temporal Contiguity PrincipleTemporal Contiguity Principle-"Students learn better when corresponding words and pictures are presented simultaneously rather than successively Dr.T.V.Rao MD 46
  47. 47. Coherence Principle • Coherence Principle - "Students learn better when extraneous material is excluded rather than included.] Principle- "Design effects are stronger for low-knowledge learners than for high knowledge learners, and for high-spatial learners rather than for low-spatial learners Dr.T.V.Rao MD 47
  48. 48. Technology based Patient care areas • Classroom of the Future featured the usual HMS classroom technology, including a Webenabled display monitor, along with a hospital bed and patient simulator placed alongside a tutorial conference table and chairs…” Dr.T.V.Rao MD 48
  49. 49. Information Technology enriches Hospital Services • Ensuring that System remains conducive despite diminishing resources and IT “takeover • Understanding the motivation and needs of each group and generation of learners Dr.T.V.Rao MD 49
  50. 50. Performance Objective Plan to Develop an e-learning module for the respective subject domain Dr.T.V.Rao MD 50
  51. 51. Diverse Programs created to suit the Learners • Virtual classrooms that can be accessed from anywhere Well educated, professional instructors just like traditional education Diverse programs in a variety of disciplines Dr.T.V.Rao MD 51
  52. 52. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 52
  53. 53. Why Medical teachers need e-Teaching Methods ??? • Modern children are ready for e-education, and that e-learning is a good opportunity for a meaningful after-school activity for them and can become a popular form of after-school activity among children and their parents Dr.T.V.Rao MD 53
  54. 54. Why Students Switching to Internet • Flexibility is one of the most attractive elements of online learning, but the benefits don't stop there. In fact, many online students find their educational journey is particularly rewarding. Benefits include: Dr.T.V.Rao MD 54
  55. 55. Technology creates Virtual Class Rooms: • Virtual classrooms that can be accessed from anywhere Well educated, professional instructors just like traditional education Diverse programs in a variety of disciplines Accredited programs to complete college degrees Dr.T.V.Rao MD 55
  56. 56. Real Time Training • Technical programs that provide real-time training Freedom to enhance skills –and resume – while still working full-time Reallife application of classroom materials Greater comfort with interactive technologies Work/life balance Dr.T.V.Rao MD 56
  57. 57. On line Education is fast growing Technology Dr.T.V.Rao MD 57
  58. 58. Podcasting in Medicine • According to Wikipedia, podcasting is a "method of publishing audio broadcasts via the Internet." In layman's terms, it's a way for individuals and companies to create audio programs and allow people to download, listen, and subscribe to them very easily Dr.T.V.Rao MD 58
  59. 59. Podcasting Concept Dr.T.V.Rao MD 59
  60. 60. IPods a Boon to Medical Profession • People think of iPods, they think of downloaded music or maybe videos. They think of fun. However, iPods are finding their way to work in other industries as well. One example of this is the service and health industries Dr.T.V.Rao MD 60
  61. 61. iPods in Medical Profession • iPods are perfect for this. With a small, compact size and easy to use formatting, they are perfect for on the go information sharing. They can store amazing amounts of information and share it easily. They are also easy to use and do not require much training to run Dr.T.V.Rao MD 61
  62. 62. IPod in Patient care • Hospitals in Europe and Australia are using iPods to train new employees.. Or they can use iPods to train employees on new issues such as what to do in a quarantine situation or how to handle a violent patient. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 62
  63. 63. Medical students empowered with iPods • Medical students are starting to use iPods for classes as well. Teachers can use programs to put lecture materials into a flash format, allowing them to be viewed on an iPod instead of on regular slides in the lecture hall. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 63
  64. 64. Podcasts helps in critical learning in Diagnosis of Heart Murmurs • Michael Barrett, a cardiologist and professor at Temple University School of Medicine in Philadelphia, created sound files of four types of computergenerated heart murmurs Dr.T.V.Rao MD 64
  65. 65. We listen to the Murmurs and can Perfect the Practice • Heart murmurs are converted to MP3 format that his students could download and listen to on their iPods Dr.T.V.Rao MD 65
  66. 66. Heart Sounds in IPod • Students who used his "Heart Songs" on average exercised 90% accuracy rates in detecting murmurs, compared with 20% to 30% accuracy rates of most medical students and residents. The American College of Cardiology has made Barrett's "Heart Songs" MP3s available online for download. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 66
  67. 67. Patients too learn through Podcasts • Grayson Wheatley, a cardiovascular surgeon at the Arizona Heart Institute and Hospital in Phoenix, began creating audio podcasts to help patients better understand complex medical issues. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 67
  68. 68. Subscribe to Medical Podcasts • The Arizona Heart Institute and Hospital launched the Cardiovascular Multimedia Information Network, which hosts an online library of past podcasts for patients and physicians that can be downloaded at no cost. In addition, some medical journals, as the Journal of the American Medical Association, Lancet, BMJ now offer audio podcasts. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 68
  69. 69. Podcasts for Learning and Teaching Are you new ??? • A podcast is an audio file (MP3 format) published on the Internet. You can subscribe to a podcast audio feed (audio RSS) to automatically download podcasts when they are published. The technology uses RSS but instead of just supplying text, podcasts include audio. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 69
  70. 70. Install the Soft ware applications and Subscribe • To subscribe to Medicine Net's medical podcasts, download and install one of the following software products iTunes (for Mac + PC) • iPodder (for Windows 2000/XP) • iPodderX (for Mac) . Dr.T.V.Rao MD 70
  71. 71. RSS feeds can teach anything • Medicine Net also has medical RSS feeds available on many medical topics. These medical RSS feeds allow you to be notified when content relating to a specific medical topic is updated on Medicine Net. To learn more about Medicine Net's medical RSS feeds, visit: Dr.T.V.Rao MD 71
  72. 72. So what is the critical link to make this all work? • Internet is more than computer network • Internet is a network of people • Unparalleled ability to collaborate • Universal Internet access does not guarantee success in education • Teachers are the critical links Dr.T.V.Rao MD 72
  73. 73. Who is Well Informed Person in this Class Teacher or Students ??? Dr.T.V.Rao MD 73
  74. 74. Every thing is Changing Are we Dr.T.V.Rao MD 74
  75. 75. No one is old to Neglect the Technology Dr.T.V.Rao MD 75
  76. 76. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 76
  77. 77. As said by Jim Henson • Studetns don't remember what you try to teach them. They remember what you are.” Dr.T.V.Rao MD 77
  78. 78. Visit me ……. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 78
  79. 79. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 79
  80. 80. • Programme Created by Dr.T.V.Rao MD for Benefit of Medical and Paramedical Studetns in the Developing World • Email • doctortvrao@gmail.com Dr.T.V.Rao MD 80
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