Digital learning for Medical professionals


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Digital learning for Medical professionals

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Digital learning for Medical professionals

  1. 1. Digital Learning by Medical Professionals Dr.T.V.Rao MD10/18/2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 1
  2. 2. Why is literacy changing?• Global shift from industrial economy to information economy• Reading/writing forms = more complex » Literacy = more complex• Digital forms of reading/writing are replacing printed forms of reading/writing – Ex: Obsolescence of typewriter – Ex: Ubiquitous nature of email – Ex: Decreased importance of handwriting/increased importance of typing (voice recognition in future)10/18/2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 2
  3. 3. Background Need for New Technologies•Shortage of trained faculty and increase in number of medical students in India.•Online resources can reach out across time and space barriers.
  4. 4. What are some of the Newer methods of learning principles? • Learners actively engage in creating meaning for themselves from information around them. • Learners construct new understandings using pre-existing knowledge (schema). • Learners build knowledge through individual experiences and social interactions. • Learners are not passive recipients of knowledge given them by others. 10/18/2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 4
  5. 5. e-skills definition “Capacities, skills and abilities to exploit tacit and explicit knowledge, as well as to use digital technologies in information management and knowledge production. E-skilled students work collaboratively, constantly innovate and create new ideas while facing changing problems in unknown contexts.” (soft skills: communication skills; team-working skills; problem-solving skills;10/18/2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 5 entrepreneurial skills; creativity; among others).
  6. 6. The Concept of Learning is Changing• Is learning simply about gaining knowledge...?•NO10/18/2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 6
  7. 7. We should become e-skilled teachers [ICT Competency Standards for Teachers [pdf]. UNESCO, 2008.]10/18/2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 7
  8. 8. Technological Evolution Influencies every one Thomas Edison indented to create a dictatingg machine when he invented the fonograph, 1888 graham bell designs the telephone as an instrument for deaf people10/18/2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 8 IT Evolution
  9. 9. “Every day, computers are making people easier to use”< innovation always produces hostility among those who prosper in old paradigms> 9
  10. 10. technology educationevolution time 10 10
  11. 11. National Educational Technology Standards (NETS•S) and Performance Indicators for Students 1. Creativity and Innovation 2. Communication and Collaboration 3. Research and Information Fluency 4. Critical Thinking, Problem Solving, and Decision Making 5. Digital Citizenship10/18/2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 11 6. Technology Operations
  12. 12. Learning to learn Critical thinking Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011 Collaboration Creativity Reflection 10/18/2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD Evaluation 12
  13. 13. What are two types of literacy? Warschauer has identified two broad categories of literacy:• Academic Literacy - competencies related to academic work (note taking, summarizing, researching, critical reading, etc.)• Digital Literacy – Computer Literacy - ability to operate a computer – Information Literacy - ability to access, understand, organize and archive digital information – Multimedia Literacy - ability to create materials using digital resources (texts, images, audio, video) – CMC (Computer-mediated communication literacy) - ability to communicate orally and in writing online (email, chat, instant messaging, audio/video conferencing, etc.)10/18/2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 13
  14. 14. Formal and Informal learning Shouldn’t we now start to blend formal and informal learning? Formal Learning Informal Learning 20% 80%10/18/2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 14
  15. 15. What is one reason our students need to attain this New literacy? "The need for technologically literate citizens and workers increases every year. Skilled people in the 21st century need to understand how to use technology tools. . . These tools enable people to perform effectively at work and in their daily lives. . . " Learning for the 21st Century, Partnership for 21st Century Skills, 2003, p.10- 1110/18/2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 15
  16. 16. Is there another reason?“ In our Information Age twenty-first century society, knowledge is the coin of the realm and the ability to think critically is a prerequisite for democratic participation.” Cummins, Brown and Sayers: Literacy,Technology, and Diversity. 2007, p. vi10/18/2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 16
  17. 17. Todays Learning is not just Hard Work but working smartly Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 201110/18/2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 17
  18. 18. The Valued Proposition: Learn better skills make life easier Better Better Better Processes Technologies Data Reduced Increased Better Anxiety Control Insight Increased Better Better Confidence Decisions Performance* * individual, team, and organizational10/18/2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 18
  19. 19. Web 3.0 Web x.0 Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011Degree of Information Connectivity Semantic Web Meta Web Web 1.0 Web 2.0 The Web Social Web10/18/2012 Degree of Dr.T.V.Rao MD Social Connectivity 19
  20. 20. The eXtended Web Web 3.0 Web x.0 Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011Degree of Information Connectivity Semantic Web Meta Web Connects knowledge Connects intelligence Web 1.0 Web 2.0 The Web Social Web Connects information Connects people10/18/2012 Degree of Dr.T.V.Rao MD Social Connectivity 20
  21. 21. What digital literacy reading skills are required?  Find appropriate information by searching the Internet  Locate the information on the Web site/page  Comprehend the information  Evaluate the source of information  Determine whether to follow hyperlinks  Decide whether and how to save/catalog information Warschauer, M. (2001). Millennialism and media: Language, literacy, and technology in the 21st century. AILA Review 14, 49-59.10/18/2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 21
  22. 22. What digital literacy writing skills are required? • Choose the best vehicle for publication (email, discussion list, web page, blog, wiki, etc.) • Incorporate text, graphics, audio, and video into multimedia pages for the Web • Create and make effective use of hypertext links to convey the message • Tailor the writing to an Internet audience that may be largely unknown • Use appropriate pragmatic strategies for the intended electronic forum • Ensure that writing is free of plagiarized materials Warschauer, M. (2001). Millennialism and media: Language, literacy, and technology in the 21st century. AILA Review 14, 49-59. 10/18/2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 22
  23. 23. So what is the critical link to make this all work? • Internet is more than computer network • Internet is a network of people • Unparalleled ability to collaborate • Universal Internet access does not guarantee success in education • Teachers are the critical links10/18/2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 23
  24. 24. Optimize the Quantity & Quality of InformationValue Optimal Quantity of Information Competitive Advantage (just right) Quantity of Competitive Competitive Information Disadvantage Disadvantage (too little) (too much) 10/18/2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 24
  25. 25. What is My Role as a Teacher • Teacher should not be a sage on the stage • Teacher should not be a guide on the side • Teacher should be an expert learner • Teacher should be part of the learning process • Teacher should model learning for the students • Teacher should help students construct new knowledge --Tom Carroll10/18/2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 25
  26. 26. Because with the correct pedagogy, use of the Internet helps the classroom come ALIVE• Authenticity (unlimited access to authentic materials, communication and publishing)• Literacy (read, write, communicate, research & publish on Internet = 21st century literacy)• Interaction (key to acquiring fluency; Internet provides stimulus and opportunity)10/18/2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 26
  27. 27. Technology cannot replace a Good Teacher • Vitality (flexible, modern medium; provides opportunity for meaningful, relevant work) • Empowerment (mastery allows teachers and students to become lifelong learners).10/18/2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 27
  28. 28. Internet help to develop digital and academic literacy Technological tools can exert a powerful impact on literacy development and overall academic achievement when they are harnessed to a pedagogy that engages students affectively, cognitively, and imaginatively.10/18/2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 28
  29. 29. If Technology is used by our Teachers If technology is integrated into the classroom using a pedagogy that meets students’ cognitive, affective and imaginative needs, it will help students:• 1. To become proficient language and professional skill users, able to communicate via 21st century media.10/18/2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 29
  30. 30. Our Students Become successful Physicians • To become successful in the workplace. • To become engaged, critical thinking, participatory citizens of the world.10/18/2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 30
  31. 31. Empowering Students and Teachers with Networking skills Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011 10/18/2012 Personalised Learning? Dr.T.V.Rao MD 31
  32. 32. And more Challenges with Information Technology?There are many sociological implications of digital literacy:• Government - Impact on shaping of public opinion and formulation of policy• Law - Impact on concepts of intellectual property, copyright, plagiarism• Economics - Transformation of commerce; how people make purchases and manage finances• Mass Communication - How information is collected and disseminated• Education - How texts are produced and used; role of teachers 10/18/2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 32
  33. 33. Knowledge is not just self limited but…. • Learning occurs inside and outside of people – we store our knowledge in computers and in other people – George Siemens10/18/2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 33
  34. 34. What makes an e-skills project successful? Standarization? Broadband?Public support? Collaboration?Creativity? Technology? Innovation? People? Coordination? Willingness? Pedagogy? 34
  35. 35. Literacy for the 21st Century……should permit more opportunities in the curriculum for play and imagination because we are preparing students for jobs that haven’t even been invented yet.10/18/2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 35
  36. 36. Work Smart and Not Hard10/18/2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 36
  37. 37. Wish to be Better in Life • I am always doing what I cannot do yet, in order to learn how to do it. • Vincent Van Gogh10/18/2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 37
  38. 38. • Programme Created by Dr.T.V.Rao MD for Modern Day Medical Students Globally • Email • doctortvrao@gmail.com10/18/2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 38