BIOSAFETY IN                 CAUSALITY                DEPARTMENT                 OUR VISION TO SAFETY                  Dr....
LIFE AT RISK - KEEP THE CASUALTY                   UPDATE AND SAFEDR.T.V.RAO MD                                 2
CAUSALITY IS THE FACE OF ANY               HOSPITAL• A causality is the index of the Hospital emergency  services provided...
ENVIRONMENTAL MEASURES• Cleaning and disinfecting non-critical surfaces in  patient-care areas are part of Standard Precau...
OUR CAUSALITY PRACTICES DIFFER ON THE       NATURE OF PATIENTS WE RECEIVE…                        • The frequency or      ...
BETTER CLEANING IN DEALING WITH PATIENTS    ADMITTED WITH DIARRHEAL DISEASES• We have to practice more  dedicated hygienic...
PROPER CLEANING AND DISINFECTION ARE            A TOP PRIORITY• In all healthcare settings, administrative, staffing  and ...
DEDICATED CLEANING PRACTICES REDUCES       INFECTIONS AND INCREASE HUMAN SAFETY                          • Adherence shoul...
WHAT DISINFECTS USED FOR CLEANING• The disinfectants or detergents/disinfectants that best  meet the overall needs of the ...
WHAT ARE INFECTIOUS AGENTS AT OUR            CASUALTY                 • Includes those                   pathogens that ar...
HOW WE CAN PREVENT THESE INFECTIONS• Most often,  environmental  reservoirs of pathogens  can infect our staff, due  to a ...
BE CAUTIOUS WHEN DEALING WITH ..                     • Certain pathogens                       (e.g., rotavirus,          ...
CHORINE BASED DISINFECTANTS ARE IDEAL WHEN         DEALING WITH C.DIFFICLE RELATED INFECTIONS• C. difficle may display inc...
PATIENT CARE EQUIPMENT AND                    INSTRUMENTS/DEVICES                              • Medical equipment and    ...
PATIENTS IN CASUALTY BRING IN SEVERAL    COMMUNITY ASSOCIATED INFECTIONS .• Patients in casualty bring in  several communi...
CARING NON CRITICAL EQUIPMENT IN              CAUSALITY                    • Noncritical equipment, such                  ...
CARE FOR YOUR COMMUNICATING DEVICES        WITH SIMPLE MEASURES• It is important to include  computers and  personal digit...
CARING YOUR NON CRITICAL                      EQUIPMENTS                             • In all healthcare settings,        ...
IF THE PATIENT DEVICES OR EQUIPMENTSARE CONTAMINATED START A EARLY ACTION• Equipment can be     cleaned on-site using a   ...
CARING THE LINEN SAFETY                            • Soiled textiles, including                              bedding, towe...
PRINCIPLES FOR HANDLING SOILED LAUNDRY ARE•    1)not shaking the items or     handling them in any way     that may aeroso...
SOLID WASTE                      • No additional precautions                        are needed for non-medical            ...
OUR LIFE IS PRECIOUS      FOLLOW THE UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS• Prevention of needle sticks  and other sharps-related  injurie...
OUR CLEAN HANDS SAVE MANY PATIENTS      DO NOT FORGET TO WASH HANDSDR.T.V.RAO MD                           24
A MUST IN CAUSALITY                   DEPARTMENTDR.T.V.RAO MD                         25
• Programme Created by Dr.T.V.Rao MD for             Health Care Professionals                        • Email             ...
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Biosafety in causality department

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Bio-safety in Causality department

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Biosafety in causality department

  1. 1. BIOSAFETY IN CAUSALITY DEPARTMENT OUR VISION TO SAFETY Dr.T.V.Rao. Dr Lipin PrasadDR.T.V.RAO MD 1
  2. 2. LIFE AT RISK - KEEP THE CASUALTY UPDATE AND SAFEDR.T.V.RAO MD 2
  3. 3. CAUSALITY IS THE FACE OF ANY HOSPITAL• A causality is the index of the Hospital emergency services provided to the Society and Public at Large. All groups are receive round the clock .• Causality services if well established will bring in confidence in the patients and by standards.• A causality is the index of services of any other area in the Hospital in human safety, However a good organizational practices will bring in creditability for all our efforts.DR.T.V.RAO MD 3
  4. 4. ENVIRONMENTAL MEASURES• Cleaning and disinfecting non-critical surfaces in patient-care areas are part of Standard Precautions. In general, these procedures do not need to be changed for patients on Transmission-Based Precautions. The cleaning and disinfection of all patient-care areas is important for frequently touched surfaces, especially those closest to the patient, that are most likely to be contaminated (e.g., bedrails, bedside tables, commodes, doorknobs, sinks, surfaces and equipment in close proximity to the patient)DR.T.V.RAO MD 4
  5. 5. OUR CAUSALITY PRACTICES DIFFER ON THE NATURE OF PATIENTS WE RECEIVE… • The frequency or intensity of cleaning may need to change based on the patient’s level of hygiene and the degree of environmental contamination and for certain for infectious agents whose reservoir is the intestinal tractDR.T.V.RAO MD 5
  6. 6. BETTER CLEANING IN DEALING WITH PATIENTS ADMITTED WITH DIARRHEAL DISEASES• We have to practice more dedicated hygienic practice in paediatrics facilities where patients with stool and urine incontinence are encountered more frequently. Also increased frequency of cleaning may be needed in a Protective Environment to minimize dust accumulationDR.T.V.RAO MD 6
  7. 7. PROPER CLEANING AND DISINFECTION ARE A TOP PRIORITY• In all healthcare settings, administrative, staffing and scheduling activities should prioritize the proper cleaning and disinfection of surfaces that could be implicated in transmission. During a suspected or proven outbreak where an environmental reservoir is suspected, routine cleaning procedures should be reviewed, and the need for additional trained cleaning staff should be assessed.DR.T.V.RAO MD 7
  8. 8. DEDICATED CLEANING PRACTICES REDUCES INFECTIONS AND INCREASE HUMAN SAFETY • Adherence should be monitored and reinforced to promote consistent and correct cleaning is performed.DR.T.V.RAO MD 8
  9. 9. WHAT DISINFECTS USED FOR CLEANING• The disinfectants or detergents/disinfectants that best meet the overall needs of the healthcare facility for routine cleaning and disinfection should be selected . In general, use of the existing facility detergent/disinfectant according to the manufacturer’s recommendations for amount, dilution, and contact time is sufficient to remove pathogens from surfaces of rooms where colonized or infected individuals were housed.DR.T.V.RAO MD 9
  10. 10. WHAT ARE INFECTIOUS AGENTS AT OUR CASUALTY • Includes those pathogens that are resistant to multiple classes of antimicrobial agents (e.g., C. difficle, VRE, MRSA, MDR- GNBDR.T.V.RAO MD 10
  11. 11. HOW WE CAN PREVENT THESE INFECTIONS• Most often, environmental reservoirs of pathogens can infect our staff, due to a failure to follow recommended procedures for cleaning and disinfection rather than the specific cleaning and disinfectant agents usedDR.T.V.RAO MD 11
  12. 12. BE CAUTIOUS WHEN DEALING WITH .. • Certain pathogens (e.g., rotavirus, noroviruses, C. difficle) may be resistant to some routinely used hospital disinfectants .The role of specific disinfectants in limiting transmission of rotavirus has been demonstratedDR.T.V.RAO MD 12
  13. 13. CHORINE BASED DISINFECTANTS ARE IDEAL WHEN DEALING WITH C.DIFFICLE RELATED INFECTIONS• C. difficle may display increased levels of spore production when exposed to non-chlorine-based cleaning agents, and the spores are more resistant than vegetative cells to commonly used surface disinfectants, some investigators have recommended the use of a 1:10 dilution of 5.25% sodium hypochlorite (household bleach) and water for routine environmental disinfection of rooms of patients with C. difficile when there is continued transmissionDR.T.V.RAO MD 13
  14. 14. PATIENT CARE EQUIPMENT AND INSTRUMENTS/DEVICES • Medical equipment and instruments/devices must be cleaned and maintained according to the manufacturers’ instructions to prevent patient-to-patient transmission of infectious agentsDR.T.V.RAO MD 14
  15. 15. PATIENTS IN CASUALTY BRING IN SEVERAL COMMUNITY ASSOCIATED INFECTIONS .• Patients in casualty bring in several community associated infections Cleaning to remove organic material must always precede high level disinfection and sterilization of critical and semi-critical instruments and devices after use because residual proteinases material reduces the effectiveness of the disinfection and sterilization processesDR.T.V.RAO MD 15
  16. 16. CARING NON CRITICAL EQUIPMENT IN CAUSALITY • Noncritical equipment, such as commodes, intravenous pumps, and ventilators, must be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected before use on another patient. All such equipment and devices should be handled in a manner that will prevent HCW and environmental contact with potentially infectious material.DR.T.V.RAO MD 16
  17. 17. CARE FOR YOUR COMMUNICATING DEVICES WITH SIMPLE MEASURES• It is important to include computers and personal digital assistants (PDAs) mobile phones, ipads and tablet digital devices used in patient care in policies for cleaning and disinfection of non- critical items.DR.T.V.RAO MD 17
  18. 18. CARING YOUR NON CRITICAL EQUIPMENTS • In all healthcare settings, providing patients who are on Transmission-Based Precautions with dedicated noncritical medical equipment (e.g., stethoscope, blood pressure cuff, electronic thermometer) has been beneficial for preventing transmissionDR.T.V.RAO MD 18
  19. 19. IF THE PATIENT DEVICES OR EQUIPMENTSARE CONTAMINATED START A EARLY ACTION• Equipment can be cleaned on-site using a detergent/disinfectant and, when possible, should be placed in a single plastic bag for transport to the reprocessing location.DR.T.V.RAO MD 19
  20. 20. CARING THE LINEN SAFETY • Soiled textiles, including bedding, towels, and patient or resident clothing may be contaminated with pathogenic microorganisms. However, the risk of disease • Transmission is negligible if they are handled, transported, and laundered in a safe mannerDR.T.V.RAO MD 20
  21. 21. PRINCIPLES FOR HANDLING SOILED LAUNDRY ARE• 1)not shaking the items or handling them in any way that may aerosolize infectious agents; 2) avoiding contact of one’s body and personal clothing with the soiled items being handled; and 3) containing soiled items in a laundry bag or designated bin. When laundry chutes are used, they must be maintained to minimize dispersion of aerosols from contaminated itemsDR.T.V.RAO MD 21
  22. 22. SOLID WASTE • No additional precautions are needed for non-medical solid waste that is being removed from rooms of patients on Transmission- Based Precautions. Solid waste may be contained in a single bag (as compared to using two bags) of sufficient strengthDR.T.V.RAO MD 22
  23. 23. OUR LIFE IS PRECIOUS FOLLOW THE UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS• Prevention of needle sticks and other sharps-related injuries• Injuries due to needles and other sharps have been associated with transmission of HBV, HCV and HIV to healthcare personnel. The prevention of sharps injuries has always been an essential element of Universal and now Standard PrecautionsDR.T.V.RAO MD 23
  24. 24. OUR CLEAN HANDS SAVE MANY PATIENTS DO NOT FORGET TO WASH HANDSDR.T.V.RAO MD 24
  25. 25. A MUST IN CAUSALITY DEPARTMENTDR.T.V.RAO MD 25
  26. 26. • Programme Created by Dr.T.V.Rao MD for Health Care Professionals • Email • doctortvrao@gmail.comDR.T.V.RAO MD 26

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