Psychiatry high yield

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Psychiatry high yield

  1. 1. GIMS – Key material for sure successnumber in ( ) at the end of topic indicates how many times a question is asked on that topic in variousexams Dr.G.Bhanu Prakash 1) "ANXIETY---anxiety is usually viewed as repressed or forgotten -fear ,features--hyperventilation,cold extremities,palpitations,pupillary dilatation,…..ANXIETY NEUROSIS---acute restlessness & fear of impending doom , anti -anxiety effect--chlorpromazine,TCA,BZD.,"------------((5)) 2) "COCAINE---coined by FREUD.,jet black pigmentation of tongue with tactile hallucination ,creeping sensation,COCAINE-BUGS---sensation of bugs crawling all over the body"-----------((5)) 3) "DELIRIUM---illusions with loss of consciousness,acute delerium-impaired consciousness, visual hallucination, hyperactivity& Fragmentary Delusions,"------- ------((5)) 4) "FREUD---introduced ---Cocaine , Psychoanalysis , concept of ""SUPER- EGO"" , free association , "" OEDIPUS COMPLEX""--by sigmund freund"---------- ((5)) 5) "ANOREXIA NERVOSA---amenorroea-100%,phobic avoidance of normal wt.,wt.loss seen,over perception of body image,self induced vomiting ,excessive exercise,evident psychosis,least characteristic--decreased physical activity,false- decreased appetite,"-----------((4)) 6) "CANNABIS---medical purposes/uses-in-Epilepsy ,glaucoma,nausea,Flash black phenomenon,.CANNABIS ADDICTION---symptomatic,Rx not req.,JHAGNAN phenomenon seen,"-------------((4)) 7) "DEFENSE MECHANISIMS---MATURE defense mech.-->Projection & Altruism,IMP.defense mech.-->Repression,RATIONALIZATION-->drinks due to quarrel with wife ,"------------((4)) 8) "DELIRIUM TREMENS---altered cons. ,tremors & visual hallucinations ,DOC.- diazepam."---------((4)) 9) "EGO---works on realitiy principle , EGO DEFENSE MECHANISMS---Global institute of medical sciences – Dr.G.Bhanu Prakash
  2. 2. GIMS – Key material for sure success ""undoing""-seen in--OCN, Picasso synd.--Sublimation, Projection , Conversion,Reaction formation, "-----------((4)) 10) "FUGUE---& DISOCIATIVE FUGUE--- seen in Schizophrenia , hysteria,epilepsy,wandering purposefully with some amnesia, "-----------((4)) 11) "KORSAKOFFS PSYCHOSIS---long term memory loss ,fes.--loss of Intellectual function but preservation of memory, lack of insight, unable to understand the disability, it is a REVERSIBLE state, CONFABULATION seen,Rx--VIT.B1(THIAMINE)"-------------((4)) 12) "MENTAL RETARDATION---commonest cause--Birth Asphyxia ( Intellectual deficiency ),MENTALLY ILL---commonest mental illness in Chlidren -- Neuroses,"------------((4)) 13) "NEUROSIS---defective childhood experiences & adjustments & mild mental disorder , NEUROTIC DISORDERS---Anxiety, Hysteria, Phobia, OCN, "------------ -((4)) 14) "BULIMIA NERVOSA---episodes of excessive&uncontrolled eating , carries teeth , inducing vomiting,"----------((3)) 15) "CATATONIA---FES.-automatic obedience,cataplexy,negativism,is seen in Schizophrenia,CATATONIA STUPOROUS---waxy flexibility is characteristic."----- ----((3)) 16) "CONFABULATION---making stories to fill up gaps in memory loss , seen in alcoholism ,korsakoff psychosis"--------((3)) 17) "FLASH BACK PHENOMENON---seen in Cannabis , Psilocybin , LSD.,"------- --((3)) 18) "HYPERKINETIC DISORDER---LOW I.Q., low Attention SPAN, poor impulse control, increase in Anger outburst, DOC-AMPHETAMINE.,"------------((3)) 19) "LSD--Flash Blacks & Bad Trips , LSD Intoxication--> panic,confusion,Hyperreflexia, "------------((3)) 20) "NOCTURNAL ENURESIS---DOC.-Imipramine, occurs in Stage IV sleep , "--- ---------((3))Global institute of medical sciences – Dr.G.Bhanu Prakash
  3. 3. GIMS – Key material for sure success 21) "OPIOID WITHDRAWAL---Rx nonaddicting drug -->Clonidine is used, OPIUM WTHDRAWAL---fes.-Lacrimation"---------((3)) 22) "ORGANIC BRAIN SYND.---Visual Hallucination, Disorientation seen , bender gestalt test"---------((3)) 23) "PANIC DISORDERS---DOC.--Diazepam, sudden attacks of anxiety with fear"-----------((3)) 24) "PSYCHOANALYSIS---coined by Freud , this Tech. Used in Hypnosis,"-------- -----((3)) 25) "SUICIDAL TENDENCIES---least in married person, Due to Withdrawal from Cocaine,Amphetamine,Alcohol, SUICIDE---most prone among -Adolecscent Girls,"------------((3)) Psychiatry-Topics Asked more than Twice in MCI screening test 1) "AKATHISIA---restlessness/irresitible urge to move about & increased motor activity,Rx-amantadine,benzhexol,propranolol,"----------((2)) 2) "ALZHEMERS DISORDER---Ach.-biochemical cause ,predisposing factors-- downs synd.,head trauma,low edu.group,"---------((2)) 3) "ANTIPSYCHOTICS---longacting -Fluphenazin,"----------((2)) 4) "BEHAVIOUR---TYPE A---time urgency ,impatiency,hard driving ,career orientation,ambitiousness, COINED BY friedman & rosenman ,"---------((2)) 5) "BEHAVIOR THERAPY---indicated for Phobia,cardinal elements--Systemic desensitization & Flooding,"----------((2)) 6) "BUSPIRONE---anti-anxiolytic,newer NONSEDATIVE ,non hypnotic axiolytic,"- --------(2) 7) "CLOZAPINE---assosiated with agranulocytosis , causes sialorrhyroea,"--------- --(( 2))Global institute of medical sciences – Dr.G.Bhanu Prakash
  4. 4. GIMS – Key material for sure success 8) "EEG---alpha waves--> awake & eyes closed ( stage I sleep) ( ATKDS- MNEMONIC-B,,,,A1,T1K2,D34(NREM),,,B-REMS)"-----------((2)) 9) "FEAR---due to abnormal experiences of childhood , over consciousness & excess perception of danger , least common in depressive psychosis ,"----------- ((2)) 10) "FLUOXETINE---mech. of action--inhibition of serotonin uptake , side-effect-- Anxiety,loose stools,Nause is troublesome"-----------((2)) 11) "GPI(GENERAL PARESIS OF INSANE) ---fes. Confabulation, Grandiose, Delusions, Mental deterioration, "-----------((2)) 12) "HALLUCINOGENS---Cocaine, Mescaline, LSD, Phencyclidine, "----------((2)) 13) "HALOPERIDOL----acute drug dystonia after> 1day, causes Akathesia , used in BALLISMUS aswell,"---------((2)) 14) "HYPOCHONDRIASIS---Preoccupation with body diseases, Over conscious about some illness, "----------((2)) 15) "IMPOTENCE---it is also seen in D.M., diff. Between psy.Impotence & Organic I.--is diagnosed by monitoring of Penile TUMESCENCE during sleep ,"--- --------((2)) 16) "INTELLIGENCE QUOTIENT---I.Q.= (mental age X 100)/ chronological age (%), I.Q. Test = Binet Stanfort Test"------------((2)) 17) "NEUROLEPTICS---blood levels checked for toxicity , commonest side- effect--Sedation , "---------((2)) 18) "OEDIPUS COMPLEX---coined by sigmund Freud, seen in boys 3-5yrs of age,"------------((2)) 19) "PHENOTHIAZINEs---involuntary perioral movement , used in Rx of depression , tardive dyskinesia is the side-effect,"------------((2)) 20) POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER---most common after major life threatening event/ e.g. any CAR accident,rape,earthquake,.. etc.-----------((2))Global institute of medical sciences – Dr.G.Bhanu Prakash
  5. 5. GIMS – Key material for sure success 21) "PREMATURE EJACULATION --- Rx-SQUEEZE Technique, "------------((2)) 22) "PSYCHONEUROSIS---diagnosis by VERBAL ACCOUNTS.,"------------((2)) 23) "PSYCHOSOMATIC DISORDERS---e.g.--HTN,Peptic Ulcer disease, Bronchial Asthama, Hyperventilation"------------((2)) 24) "THOUGHT---DISORDERS--loosening of Association, THOUGHT INSERTION---this is SCHEIDNERS FIRST RANK SYMP."--------------((2)) 25) "WITHDRAWAL SYMP.---PHYSICAL--absent-in Cannabis, Present in Pethidine,Opium,Haloperidol,Alcohol, Rx required in for withdrawal symp.-- Cannabis, Cocaine,Alcohol,"------------((2)) PSYCHIATRY:-Occasionally Asked Topics 1) ABREACTION---used in Rx of phobia,-----------((1)) 2) "AFFECT---disorders of affect , disturbances of affect--panic , apathy , phobia,"---------((1)) 3) "AFFECTIVE DISORDERS---depression ,reaction formn ,adjustment reaction ,"-------((1)) 4) "AGGRESSION ---PASSIVE AGG.--spills half,"-------((1)) 5) "AGORAPHOBIA---fear of open spaces , DOC.--alprazolam,"-------((1)) 6) "ALEXITHYMIA---inability to recognize & describe feelings,"--------((1)) 7) "AMBIVALENCE---coined by EUGEN BLEULER,"---------(1)) 8) "AMNESIA---anterograde amnesia--caused by giving ECT.,good prognostic indicator of head injury.,"---------((1)) 9) "AMOTIVATIONAL SYNDROME---seen in cannabis,"------((1)) 10) "AMOXAPINE---antidepressant with side effects like -tardive dyskinesia & neuroleptic malignant synd.,"-------((1))Global institute of medical sciences – Dr.G.Bhanu Prakash
  6. 6. GIMS – Key material for sure success 11) AMPHETAMINES--- ,-----((1)) 12) "ATTENTION DEFICIT DISORDER---seen with phenobarbitone ,"--------((1)) 13) "AUTISTIC DISORDER---lesion is in Temporal lobe ,"-------((1)) 14) "BALLISMUS---Rx haloperidol ,"-------((1)) 15) "CHLORPROMAZINE---?rigidity,mask like face,tremors,(uses/side effects),"-- ----(1)) 16) "CLAUSTROPHBIA---fear of CLOSED spaces ,"-------((1)) 17) "COGNITVE BEHAVIORAL THERAPY---is the Rx for Depression ,"-------((1)) 18) "COPROLALIA---seen in TOURETTES SYND.,"-------((1)) 19) CYCLOSERINE---anti -TB.-shows NeuroPsychiatric manifestation,--------((1)) 20) "DÉJÀ VU---seen in normal persion ,temporal lobe epilepsy,psychosis,"-------- ((1)) 21) DISORIENTATION---seen in Organic brain synd.,------------((1)) 22) Diethyl Propion---1st. Choice in wt. reduction prog.,---------((1)) 23) "DRUG DEPENDENCE---is due to withdrawal symptoms ,"---------((1)) 24) "EXHIBITIONISM---shameless exposure of genitals ,"-------((1)) 25) "FETISHISM---obtaining Sexual excitement with inanimate objects , 26) FREE ASSOCIATION---coined by FREUD.,------((1)) 27) "GANSERS SYND.---inappropriate answer...... , "--------------((1)) 28) HASHISH---active substance—TetraHydroCannabinol,----------((1)) 29) "HEROIN---withdrawal fes.--Yawing, muscle cramps, Hypersomnia, HTN.,"--- ------((1))Global institute of medical sciences – Dr.G.Bhanu Prakash
  7. 7. GIMS – Key material for sure success 30) "HICCOUGH---Intractable--DOC-chlorpromazine/Largactil , "--------((1)) 31) ILLUSIONS---,------((1)) 32) "IMIPRAMINE---antidepressant ,DOC--in nocturnal enuresis , "--------((1)) 33) INSOMNIA---Familial Fatal Insomnia--seen in PRION disease,-------((1)) 34) KLEPTOMANIA---Irresistible ure to STEAL things of LITTLE value,--------- ((1)) 35) "La Belle Indifference---seen in Dissociative disorders ,"--------((1)) 36) LUCID INTERVAL---seen in INSANITY,------------((1)) 37) least addictive---DihyroxyPropoxyphene,-----------((1)) 38) MAOIS---induced hypertensive crisis-Rx-->reversed with Phentolamine,------- ---((1)) 39) "MANDRAX---is combination of HYPNOTIC + ANTI-HISTAMINE,"---------- ((1)) 40) "MASOCHISM---sexual partner are aroused & gratified by whipping ,"---------- --((1)) 41) "MEMORY---RECENT--CENTRE--HIPPOCAMPUS ,"-------------((1)) 42) "METHADONE---used in maintainance of Rx of opium dependence/ ?Withdrawal ,"-------------((1)) 43) "MORPHINE---addiction , Withdrawal is done with Clonidine ,"--------------- ((1)) 44) MYXEDEMA---ass. with depression ,-----------((1)) 45) "MUNCHAUSEN SYND.---factitious disorder ,"---------((1)) 46) "NARCOLEPSY---symp.--Cataplexy , Sleep acttacks, Sleep paralysis, "--------Global institute of medical sciences – Dr.G.Bhanu Prakash
  8. 8. GIMS – Key material for sure success ---((1)) 47) "NIGHT TERRORS-seen in NREM sleep--TOC.-clonazepam,"-------------((1)) 48) "NYMPHOMANIA---not a compulsive & habit forming disorder , "---------((1)) 49) ORGANIC AMNESTIC SYND.---most common cause—Concussion,---------- ((1)) 50) OTHELLO SYND.---Delusion of Infidelity on part of Sexual partner,----------- ((1)) 51) PARANOID DISORDER---Pseudocommunity,---------((1)) 52) PERSONALITY DISORDERS---BORDERLINE-sucidal tendencies,--------((1)) 53) PHENCYCLIDINE---ass. With DEPERSONALISATION,-----------((1)) 54) "PICASSO SYND.---painter obsession developed into artistic painting, "------- -((1)) 55) PROJECTION---mature defense mech.,------------((1)) 56) "PSYCHIATRIC MANIFESTATION---seen in Hypothyroidism, Hyperthyroidism, Acute Intermittent Porphyria, Inability for Erection, Inability to take deep breath , Pain,"--------((1)) 57) "PSYCHOTHERAPY---PSYCHOANALYTICAL---Insight therapy, Behavioral therapy & SUPPORTIVE therapy, "--------------((1)) 58) PUNISHMENT---inflicting pain to get rid of a bad habit ,--------------((1)) 59) "PUNCH DRUNKENNESS ---is ass. With BOXING.,"--------------((1)) 60) BRIEF REACTIVE PSYCHOSIS---after loss of loved-ones,--------------((1)) 61) REINFORCEMENT---+ve R.-? Conditioned learning,----------------((1)) 62) "SLEEP DEPRIVATION---leads to decreased mental altertness,"----------((1))Global institute of medical sciences – Dr.G.Bhanu Prakash
  9. 9. GIMS – Key material for sure success 63) SLEEP-WALKING-somnabulism--seen in NREM STAGE 3/4 Sleep,-------(1)) 64) "STUPOR---DEPRESSIVE--loss of power in all 4 limbs, Waxy Flexibility of muscle tone in limbs,"-------------((1)) 65) "SUPERSTITION---a False belief unexplained by reality ( Shared by a number of persons/people ) ,"---------((1)) 66) SUPER-EGO---coined by Sigmund Freund,--------((1)) 67) "TARDIVE DYSKINESIA---due to Reserpine,HALOPERIDOL,"--------((1)) 68) "THINKING---ABSTRACT--similarity between chair & table->both has 4 legs,"-------((1)) 69) "THIORIDAZINE---side-effect--Pigmentary Retinopathy,"--------((1)) 70) "THERMATIC PERCEPTION TEST---by Wechslers , "---------((1)) 71) WERNICKES ENCEPHALOPATHY----Rx-Thiamine supplement,---------((1)) 72) EIGHT STAGE CLASSIFICATION OF HUMAN LIFE---BY ERIKSONGlobal institute of medical sciences – Dr.G.Bhanu Prakash

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