What You Need to Know about Academic Writing


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The main elements that you have to take into account when writing academic papers like thesis or dissertations are presented.

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What You Need to Know about Academic Writing

  1. 1. What  You  Need  to  Know   about  Academic  Writing
  2. 2. What  is  Academic  Writing? Academic  wri+ng  is  a   Such  a  context  is  formal   form  of  language  used  by   in  terms  of  rela+onships,   people  who  communicate   expecta+ons,  thinking,   within  an  academic   performance,  crea+vity,  and   context  using  a  wri9en   compe++on  among  peers. means. Therefore,  the  language  form  used  must  reflect  such   formality;  especially  when  communica+ng  in  wri9en   form  due  to  the  permanence  of  the  means.
  3. 3. Importance  of  Academic   Writing Language  is  a  social   construct  that  is   created  by  the  people   who  use  it  and   influenced  by  the   context  in  which  it  is   used.  
  4. 4. Do  you  use  the  same   language  at  home,  at  a   professional  mee+ng,  and  at   a  pub?    In  fact,  it  may  be   considered  inappropriate.   4
  5. 5. Therefore,  language   must  change  when   contexts  do.  When   interac+ng  in  academic   contexts,  you  should  use   the  language  form   associated  to  it.  Academic   wri+ng  is  part  of  it.
  6. 6. Characteristics  of  Academic  Writing
  7. 7. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Formal Explicit Precise Structured Unbiased Responsible Supported
  8. 8. Formal Academic writing is formal in terms of vocabulary used. It means that colloquial expressions, abbreviated forms of verbs, contractions, sexist or racial terms, idioms, and emotional language should be generally avoided.
  9. 9. Explicit Academic  writing  is  explicit  in   relation  to  the  message   communicated  and  the  connections   among  the  parts  of  the  text. You  write  to  express  ideas,  not  to   entertain  or  impress.  Be  sure  of   saying  what  you  intend  to  say.   Sentences must be connected in a clear way by means of signal words and phrases that show the logical organization of texts (words like “therefore” and phrases like “for example”). A next conference will be focused on how to link texts.
  10. 10. Precise Sentences, terms, dates, figures, and data must be precise and texts must be focused. Avoid general expressions like “a lot of people”, “many things”, etc. Be sure of the meaning of a word before using it. Be sure of having a clear focus for each paragraph
  11. 11. Structured Essays, study reports, and thesis or dissertations have specific structures. That fact assures that information is presented in a logical way and that ideas can be developed clearly and function as a unit. Follow the structure that characterizes each type of academic text.
  12. 12. Unbiased Academic writing intends to inform or to produce reasonably persuasive arguments. You try to convince using arguments that can be evaluated. To achieve such a goal, you need to use language and arguments that express neutrality. Unless your position as researcher is discussed as necessary to the study, your own ideas and feelings should not be evident.
  13. 13. Responsible In academic writing, you are responsible of: • providing evidence to support your claims • managing information ethically • understanding sources deeply
  14. 14. Supported Academic writing is characterized by acknowledging sources used to develop your own views or ideas. Plagiarism is considered a severe academic crime.
  15. 15. Exercise
  16. 16. Paragraph  to  Evaluate Read  the   introductory   paragraph  on  the   right  and  establish   if  it  reflects  the   features  of   academic  writing   discussed The  essay  by  Walter   Lippman  dealing  with   stereotyped  thinking   was  very  hard  to   understand.  I’m  sure  I   could  write  a  better   theme  on  something  I   am  more  interested  in.   Nevertheless  I  will  try   my  best
  17. 17. Features  that  Are   Not  Reflected • Formality   • Explicitness     • Precision   • Structure   • Support Examples  adapted  from   Kinsella,  P.  L.  (1968).  The   techniques  of  writing.  New   York,  NY:  Harcourt,  Brace  &   World, A Better Paragraph Much of our thinking is based on preconceived ideas that have been acquired through environmental influences rather than from objective truth (Lippmann, 1922). Therefore, stereotyped thinking is part of daily life. The person who realizes this is in a better position to cope with problems and get along with people who hold different views.
  18. 18. Now  You  Know 1. What academic writing is 2. Why it is important 3. What characterizes it Any  question? You  are  invited  to  read  about  how  to   write  headings  that  are  correct   academically  speaking  at  http:// www.doctoralnet.com/headings/item/ 153-­‐pull-­‐headings-­‐from-­‐4-­‐sources-­‐ activity.html  
  19. 19. 
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  20. 20. Thanks  for  reading Hope you find this conference useful and want to meet us soon