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Groupthink is …. A way of group deliberation that minimizes conflict and emphasizes unanimity
Types of Groups Problem Solving Groups Task-Oriented Groups Activities of small groups: Information Sharing Socializing Relate to others outside of the Group Educate New Members Tell Stories
Assumption 1 Conditions in groups promote high cohesiveness Cohesiveness Group members willingness to work together Attraction to other group members values Ernest Bormann Observation of groups show commonalities: Common sentiment Emotional investment
Assumption 2 Group problem solving is primarily a unified process Affiliative constraints
Assumption 3 Groups and group decision making are frequently complex Group Influences Homogeniety
Antecedent conditions of Groupthink Antecedent 1 Group cohesiveness Causes conformity Antecedent 2 Structural Factors Antecedent 3 Group Stress Internal and External Stress
Personal Account The theory of groupthink applies to any group project I have done from High School to now. In many groups one person gets stuck making all the decisions because other people in the group do not want to participate or they feel like what they have to say will make them feel stupid. Last semester in my Politics class I allowed for one person in the group make the decisions for what we would say as a group about a certain topic. I felt like the people in my group were more intelligent then I am, so I allowed them to take control without putting my input in. I also saw that people in my group would agree with each other on mostly everything rather then have to discuss the topic more in depth so we would finish our work quickly. Which we were all happy about the quicker the work was done the less time we had to spend on it even if we were all not fully involved in deciding what happened. I felt that my input my disrupt the group from finishing quickly because maybe they would have to explain to me what they meant because I did not understand. Also my input may have kept us at the project longer so if I kept to myself I could let them do the work and I would get done faster even if I disagreed with what they said. II conformed to the group so the work would get done, and so I would not have to stress about it anymore. Stress is large player in many peoples reasons to conform to the group.
There is a lot of group work or projects in some college classes. Do you think that groupthink evolves in many of these groups? If so Why? Do you think a group of people with different backgrounds can still have be part of a group that evolves into groupthink? Why Discussion Question
Integration Tradition Socio-Psychological Socio-Cultural Context Small Group Organizational Approach to knowing Positivistic/ Empirical Mid Ranged Theory Systems Approach