Loving What You Do:Intrinsic MotivationDavid D. Nowell, Ph.D.www.DrNowell.com
Overview• Your brain’s reward-and-planning system• Asking 2 questions• The “Rule of Thirds”• Q&A&D
YOUR BRAIN’S REWARD-AND-PLANNING SYSTEM
Image: wikimedia commons
Cortico-striatal loop
The reward-and-planning system
What does dopamine feeeel like?
Appendix A
Peak experiences
ASKING 2 QUESTIONS
6/26/2013© 2011 David D. Nowell, Ph.D. All rightsreserved.23Am I having fun now?Is this important?
6/26/2013© 2011 David D. Nowell, Ph.D. All rightsreserved.24
6/26/2013© 2011 David D. Nowell, Ph.D. All rightsreserved.25
Determining what I’m here to“do, be, and have”We are shaped by:• Peer interactions• Supportive adults• Family / culture / ...
6/26/2013© 2011 David D. Nowell, Ph.D. All rightsreserved.28
Framingham Heart Study“…happiness, like health,is a collectivephenomenon.”
YesYesNoYesYesNoNoNo6/26/2013© 2011 David D. Nowell, Ph.D. All rightsreserved.31Am I having fun now?Is this important?x
YesYesNoYesYesNoNoNo6/26/2013© 2011 David D. Nowell, Ph.D. All rightsreserved.32Am I having fun now?Is this important?
YesYesNoYesYesNoNoNo6/26/2013© 2011 David D. Nowell, Ph.D. All rightsreserved.33Am I having fun now?Is this important?
YesYesNoYesYesNoNoNo6/26/2013© 2011 David D. Nowell, Ph.D. All rightsreserved.34Am I having fun now?Is this important?
YesYesNoYesYesNoNoNo6/26/2013© 2011 David D. Nowell, Ph.D. All rightsreserved.35Am I having fun now?Is this important?
YesYesNoYesYesNoNoNo6/26/2013© 2011 David D. Nowell, Ph.D. All rightsreserved.36Am I having fun now?Is this important?
YesYesNoYesYesNoNoNo6/26/2013© 2011 David D. Nowell, Ph.D. All rightsreserved.38Am I having fun now?Is this important?
Beware dopamine tricksters!• Facebook• Gambling• Shopping• Video games• Free online Aramaic course
Determine in Advance When You’llCheck Email and FacebookTomorrow
StayOnTask app
The best defense against themanipulation of our attention isto determine for ourselves – inadvance - how we want toinvest ...
The Excellent Daily Planner• 2 pages per day• Master to-do list• With you at all times
Yoga / readStaff meetingPlanningsessionPhone callsbilling
Vh: jeff w/ puritan oilVc: kate re: brimfieldTC umass dermatology.Spoke w/ cindy 508 8564000
The Excellent Daily Planner• 2 pages per day• Master to-do list• With you at all times
What’s a To-Do list for anyway?
Learn FrenchStop smokingBe a better spouse
The Excellent Daily Planner• 2 pages per day• Master to-do list• With you at all times
Weekly Overview
10-Minute Morning Review
Where will I most likely feeldistracted today?
What will you do today that youllstill remember one year from now??
Stop 5 times a day for reflectionand reconnecting and re-focusing
Consider your sensory needs• Applying lotion• Clicking pen• Gum• Raw carrots• Fidget toys• Fans and other white noise• Str...
YesYesNoYesYesNoNoNo6/26/2013© 2011 David D. Nowell, Ph.D. All rightsreserved.71Am I having fun now?Is this important?
Increase salience
Use extrinsic rewardcreatively6/26/2013© 2011 David D. Nowell, Ph.D. All rightsreserved.74
6/26/2013© 2011 David D. Nowell, Ph.D. All rightsreserved.75
easy hardIf It’s Harder than a “3” Find SomeWay to Make It Easier6/26/2013© 2011 David D. Nowell, Ph.D. All rightsreserved...
6/26/2013© 2011 David D. Nowell, Ph.D. All rightsreserved.77
Assign separate due dates forsmaller parts of big projects
Barter Social/Practical Support• Food prep for optimal nutrition• Domestic organization• Pre-tax paperwork
Emphasize the sensory details ofyour desired outcome
YesYesNoYesYesNoNoNo6/26/2013© 2011 David D. Nowell, Ph.D. All rightsreserved.85Am I having fun now?Is this important?
THE “RULE OF THIRDS”
…a challenge
Q&A&DDavid D. Nowell, Ph.D.www.DrNowell.com
Mrc loving what you do 2013
Mrc loving what you do 2013
Mrc loving what you do 2013
Mrc loving what you do 2013
Mrc loving what you do 2013
Mrc loving what you do 2013
Mrc loving what you do 2013
Mrc loving what you do 2013
Mrc loving what you do 2013
Mrc loving what you do 2013
Mrc loving what you do 2013
Mrc loving what you do 2013
Mrc loving what you do 2013
Mrc loving what you do 2013
Mrc loving what you do 2013
Mrc loving what you do 2013
Mrc loving what you do 2013
Mrc loving what you do 2013
Mrc loving what you do 2013
Mrc loving what you do 2013
Mrc loving what you do 2013
Mrc loving what you do 2013
Mrc loving what you do 2013
Mrc loving what you do 2013
Mrc loving what you do 2013
Mrc loving what you do 2013
Mrc loving what you do 2013
Mrc loving what you do 2013
Mrc loving what you do 2013
Mrc loving what you do 2013
Mrc loving what you do 2013
Mrc loving what you do 2013
Mrc loving what you do 2013
Mrc loving what you do 2013
Mrc loving what you do 2013
Mrc loving what you do 2013
Mrc loving what you do 2013
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  • NeuroanatomyNeurotransmittersPhenomenology of dopamine and serotonin
  • NeuroanatomyNeurotransmittersPhenomenology of dopamine and serotonin
  • NeuroanatomyNeurotransmittersPhenomenology of dopamine and serotonin
  • NeuroanatomyNeurotransmittersPhenomenology of dopamine and serotonin
  • NeuroanatomyNeurotransmittersPhenomenology of dopamine and serotonin
  • Clarifying the 1stquestionWhy is it important that our clients are engaged in commitments and obligations and relationships which are fun?
  • Clarifying the 2nd question
  • St’s going to happen today at 5:00You’ll never get that time back
  • Clarifying the 1stquestionWhy is it important that our clients are engaged in commitments and obligations and relationships which are fun?
  • 1948 – 3rd generation now -- AbstractObjectives To evaluate whether happiness can spread from person to person and whether niches of happiness form within social networks. Design Longitudinal social network analysis. Setting Framingham Heart Study social network. Participants 4739 individuals followed from 1983 to 2003. Main outcome measures Happiness measured with validated four item scale; broad array of attributes of social networks and diverse social ties. Results Clusters of happy and unhappy people are visible in the network, and the relationship between people’s happiness extends up to three degrees of separation (for example, to the friends of one’s friends’ friends). People who are surrounded by many happy people and those who are central in the network are more likely to become happy in the future. Longitudinal statistical models suggest that clusters of happiness result from the spread of happiness and not just a tendency for people to associate with similar individuals. A friend who lives within a mile (about 1.6 km) and who becomes happy increases the probability that a person is happy by 25% (95% confidence interval 1% to 57%). Similar effects are seen in coresident spouses (8%, 0.2% to 16%), siblings who live within a mile (14%, 1% to 28%), and next door neighbours (34%, 7% to 70%). Effects are not seen between coworkers. The effect decays with time and with geographical separation. Conclusions People’s happiness depends on the happiness of others with whom they are connected. This provides further justification for seeing happiness, like health, as a collective phenomenon.
  • Small group: id activities in each of 4 quadrants
  • Google calendar w/ text f/uSupportive check-ins
  • Body doubleHarder than a 3/10?Increase saliency: stimulantrx, “nothing tastes as good as thin feels” – brain cant tell the difference b/t real and imagined….but real is vivider, pairing dull/difficult tasks w/ intrinsic reward (e.g cape, med student)
  • Delete 30 FB friendsDelete 3 “friends”Delete 2 commitments or obligations which arent fun or important (trauma survivor at txgiving; west boylstonhxical society; I decided to stop eating foods that make me feel bad)
  • Google calendar w/ text f/uSupportive check-ins
  • alarm
  • alarm
  • The technology and the px
  • Body doubleHarder than a 3/10?Increase saliency: stimulantrx, “nothing tastes as good as thin feels” – brain cant tell the difference b/t real and imagined….but real is vivider, pairing dull/difficult tasks w/ intrinsic reward (e.g cape, med student)
  • EXPLAIN WKSHOP’S PURPOSE, INCREASE SALIENCE, RELATE TO PRIOR K’LEDGE
  • STUDY BOX
  • Getting to the gym – esp after full day’s work – is harder than a 3 / 10.
  • Can’t decide whether it’s important? Watch tvvs study french: make it vivid
  • NeuroanatomyNeurotransmittersPhenomenology of dopamine and serotonin
  • Delete 30 FB friendsDelete 3 “friends”Delete 2 commitments or obligations which arent fun or important (trauma survivor at txgiving; west boylstonhxical society; I decided to stop eating foods that make me feel bad)
  • Mrc loving what you do 2013

    1. 1. Loving What You Do:Intrinsic MotivationDavid D. Nowell, Ph.D.www.DrNowell.com
    2. 2. Overview• Your brain’s reward-and-planning system• Asking 2 questions• The “Rule of Thirds”• Q&A&D
    3. 3. YOUR BRAIN’S REWARD-AND-PLANNING SYSTEM
    4. 4. Image: wikimedia commons
    5. 5. Cortico-striatal loop
    6. 6. The reward-and-planning system
    7. 7. What does dopamine feeeel like?
    8. 8. Appendix A
    9. 9. Peak experiences
    10. 10. ASKING 2 QUESTIONS
    11. 11. 6/26/2013© 2011 David D. Nowell, Ph.D. All rightsreserved.23Am I having fun now?Is this important?
    12. 12. 6/26/2013© 2011 David D. Nowell, Ph.D. All rightsreserved.24
    13. 13. 6/26/2013© 2011 David D. Nowell, Ph.D. All rightsreserved.25
    14. 14. Determining what I’m here to“do, be, and have”We are shaped by:• Peer interactions• Supportive adults• Family / culture / faith• Media and marketingOngoing clarity comes with:• Morning 10-minute review• Weekly planning session• Ongoing review ofsuccesses andfrustrations• Intensives – annual mini-retreats
    15. 15. 6/26/2013© 2011 David D. Nowell, Ph.D. All rightsreserved.28
    16. 16. Framingham Heart Study“…happiness, like health,is a collectivephenomenon.”
    17. 17. YesYesNoYesYesNoNoNo6/26/2013© 2011 David D. Nowell, Ph.D. All rightsreserved.31Am I having fun now?Is this important?x
    18. 18. YesYesNoYesYesNoNoNo6/26/2013© 2011 David D. Nowell, Ph.D. All rightsreserved.32Am I having fun now?Is this important?
    19. 19. YesYesNoYesYesNoNoNo6/26/2013© 2011 David D. Nowell, Ph.D. All rightsreserved.33Am I having fun now?Is this important?
    20. 20. YesYesNoYesYesNoNoNo6/26/2013© 2011 David D. Nowell, Ph.D. All rightsreserved.34Am I having fun now?Is this important?
    21. 21. YesYesNoYesYesNoNoNo6/26/2013© 2011 David D. Nowell, Ph.D. All rightsreserved.35Am I having fun now?Is this important?
    22. 22. YesYesNoYesYesNoNoNo6/26/2013© 2011 David D. Nowell, Ph.D. All rightsreserved.36Am I having fun now?Is this important?
    23. 23. YesYesNoYesYesNoNoNo6/26/2013© 2011 David D. Nowell, Ph.D. All rightsreserved.38Am I having fun now?Is this important?
    24. 24. Beware dopamine tricksters!• Facebook• Gambling• Shopping• Video games• Free online Aramaic course
    25. 25. Determine in Advance When You’llCheck Email and FacebookTomorrow
    26. 26. StayOnTask app
    27. 27. The best defense against themanipulation of our attention isto determine for ourselves – inadvance - how we want toinvest it.- E. Goldberg
    28. 28. The Excellent Daily Planner• 2 pages per day• Master to-do list• With you at all times
    29. 29. Yoga / readStaff meetingPlanningsessionPhone callsbilling
    30. 30. Vh: jeff w/ puritan oilVc: kate re: brimfieldTC umass dermatology.Spoke w/ cindy 508 8564000
    31. 31. The Excellent Daily Planner• 2 pages per day• Master to-do list• With you at all times
    32. 32. What’s a To-Do list for anyway?
    33. 33. Learn FrenchStop smokingBe a better spouse
    34. 34. The Excellent Daily Planner• 2 pages per day• Master to-do list• With you at all times
    35. 35. Weekly Overview
    36. 36. 10-Minute Morning Review
    37. 37. Where will I most likely feeldistracted today?
    38. 38. What will you do today that youllstill remember one year from now??
    39. 39. Stop 5 times a day for reflectionand reconnecting and re-focusing
    40. 40. Consider your sensory needs• Applying lotion• Clicking pen• Gum• Raw carrots• Fidget toys• Fans and other white noise• Stretch breaks
    41. 41. YesYesNoYesYesNoNoNo6/26/2013© 2011 David D. Nowell, Ph.D. All rightsreserved.71Am I having fun now?Is this important?
    42. 42. Increase salience
    43. 43. Use extrinsic rewardcreatively6/26/2013© 2011 David D. Nowell, Ph.D. All rightsreserved.74
    44. 44. 6/26/2013© 2011 David D. Nowell, Ph.D. All rightsreserved.75
    45. 45. easy hardIf It’s Harder than a “3” Find SomeWay to Make It Easier6/26/2013© 2011 David D. Nowell, Ph.D. All rightsreserved.76
    46. 46. 6/26/2013© 2011 David D. Nowell, Ph.D. All rightsreserved.77
    47. 47. Assign separate due dates forsmaller parts of big projects
    48. 48. Barter Social/Practical Support• Food prep for optimal nutrition• Domestic organization• Pre-tax paperwork
    49. 49. Emphasize the sensory details ofyour desired outcome
    50. 50. YesYesNoYesYesNoNoNo6/26/2013© 2011 David D. Nowell, Ph.D. All rightsreserved.85Am I having fun now?Is this important?
    51. 51. THE “RULE OF THIRDS”
    52. 52. …a challenge
    53. 53. Q&A&DDavid D. Nowell, Ph.D.www.DrNowell.com
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