Ancient israelites

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  • 1. Origins & Early Kingdom
  • 2. The First Israelites  C. 1400 B.C. – Israelites left Canaan because of a drought, head to Egypt  Canaan is located in southwest Asia
  • 3. Who were the Israelites?  They were monotheistic  Their religion is now known as Judaism  They spoke Hebrew  They were descended from Abraham  Abraham is connected to all three monotheistic religions – Judaism, Christianity and Islam  Abraham’s descendents from the 12 tribes of Israel
  • 4. From Slavery to Freedom  Arrived in Egypt because of drought, became enslaved  Moses saved by the pharaoh’s daughter  10 plagues of Egypt  C. 1290 – Moses led the Israelites out of Egypt, this was known as the Exodus
  • 5. What are the Ten Commandments?  Laws received by Moses on Mt. Sinai  Laws became part of the Torah  Torah became holy book of the Hebrews  Torah describes covenant with God (Israelites return to Canaan)
  • 6. The Promise Land Took 40 yrs. to return to Canaan Israelites regained Jericho Took judges as leaders One group of Israelites, Phoenicians, were skilled sailors and traders Phoenicians created an alphabet (basis for the English alphabet)
  • 7. The Israelites chose a King C. 1000 B.C. – Philistines were the strongest people in Canaan The Israelites wanted a king to unite them against the Philistines The prophet Samuel was asked to choose the King Samuel warned against this
  • 8. The Israelites chose a King Israelites chose Saul, a warrior-farmer Samuel anointed Saul God displeased with Saul disobeying Him Samuel anoints David as king
  • 9. David and Solomon David defeats enemies and creates an empire Requires tribute to be paid Heavy taxes to expand Jerusalem, new capital Wrote the Psalms Solomon becomes king, after David died