#1=Social Organization● The way a culture divides its society into smaller structures/groups● What is the most important social unit? ○ Family● Family Patterns ○ Nuclear family - wife, husband, kids ■ typical to industrialized societies ○ Extended Family - several generations in one household. Parents, kids, grandparents, aunts, uncles. ■ Usually in developing nations
Social Organization● Kinship = concept that everyone is related to someone ○ There are rules (ie uncles cant marry nieces)● Clan = ppl within an ethnic group who claim to be descended from a common ancestor● Social Classes = rank ppl according to status in society ○ can be based on $, occupation, heredity, education, etc● Social mobility = chance to move up and down the social ladder.
#2 Customs & Traditions● Rules of behavior (enforced by social pressures or written laws)● ways of doing everyday things● basic moral values● Language● Clothes● Foods● Education● Occupation
#3 Arts & Literature● Products of human imagination teach us about cultural values. Can encourage pride or criticize.● Includes: ○ Painting, Sculpture, drawing, architecture ○ music, theatre ○ literature● promote cultural pride & unity● teach about cultures values● rebel against cultural norms
#4 Religion● Helps ppl answer the basic questions about the meaning of life; supports the values of culture; can shape morals & ethics of a group of ppl.● Monotheism - belief in 1 god● Polytheism - belief in more than 1 god● Animism - belief that everything in nature has a spirit● 5 major religions - Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity, Judaism, & Islam
#5 Forms of Government● Govt is designed to provide for ppls common needs - keeping order in society & protecting it from outside threats ○ refers to the person(s) who holds power & to societys law & institutions● Types of Govt: ○ Democracy - the ppl have supreme power ○ Republic - ppl choose the leaders who will represent them ○ Dictatorship - a ruler (or group acting as 1) holds power by force.
#6 Economic Systems● How people use limited resources to satisfy their wants and needs● 3 questions: ○ What goods & services should we produce? ○ How should we produce them? ○ For whom should we produce them?
Economic Systems● Traditional economy - ppl produce most of what they need to survive.● Market economy - individual answer the economy questions by buying and selling goods & services● Command economy - govt controls what goods are produced, how they are produced & what they cost● Mixed economy - individuals make some decisions and govt makes others