5themes 001
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tutorial of the 5 themes of geography

tutorial of the 5 themes of geography

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    5themes 001 5themes 001 Presentation Transcript

    • 5 Themes of geography
    • What are the five themes?
      • Tools geographer’s use to study features on earth.
        • Location
        • Place
        • Movement
        • Region
        • Human Environment Interaction
    • Location
      • Describes where places are at on earth.
      • Types of Location:
        • ABSOLUTE: exact location on earth (fixed)
          • Doesn’t change
            • Latitude/Longitude
            • Hemispheres
            • Grid System
            • Address
        • RELATIVE: compared to other places (variable)
          • Changes dependent upon where you’re comparing it to .
            • Miles
            • Distance
            • Direction
    • Absolute Location
      • Examples:
        • Rome is located at 41 N, 12 E
        • Argentina is located in the southern hemisphere
        • Ecuador is located in Tropic of Cancer.
        • LNE is located in Lincoln, NE.
    • Relative Location
      • Examples:
        • Rome is located near the Mediterranean Sea.
        • Argentina is near Brazil.
        • Ecuador is south of Mexico.
        • Lincoln is 50 miles from Omaha.
    • Place
      • A place is defined by it’s unique characteristics.
        • Physical characteristics
        • Cultural characteristics
    • Physical Characteristics
      • Specific to THAT place, not generic.
        • The way a place looks .
      • Created by nature.
        • Mountains
        • Rivers, Lakes, Seas
        • Climate
        • Vegetation
      • Examples:
        • Andes Mountains are in South America.
        • Amazon River flows through Brazil.
        • Pampas are located in Argentina.
        • The isthmus of Panama connects Central & South America.
    • Cultural Characteristics
      • Specific to THAT place, not generic.
        • Peoples activities change the way a place looks or is represented.
      • Man-made or invented .
        • Language
        • Unique buildings
        • Religious Practices
        • Celebrations/traditions/holidays
      • Examples :
        • Portuguese is the official language of Brazil.
        • Many Mexicans are Catholic.
        • Mayan ruins are located in Mexico.
        • Cinco de Mayo is a national holiday in Mexico.
    • Movement
      • Places do not exist in isolation.
        • Interconnectedness of the world changes the way places“look”.
          • Today: “globalization”
        • People, goods & ideas move from place to place.
      • Examples
        • Immigration from Latin America to US.
        • War in Iraq (troops, supplies, ideas, people)
        • UNL (people, ideas)
        • Myspace, Facebook (ideas)
    • Region
      • The world is divided into different regions based upon similarities & differences.
        • Climate
        • Location
        • Beliefs
        • Languages
        • Ethnicity/Race
      • Types:
        • Formal
        • Functional
        • Perceptual
    • Formal Region
      • Most common/familiar.
      • Determined by the distribution of a uniform characteristic (physical or cultural)
        • Location
        • Climate
        • Religion
      • Examples
        • Central America (Mexico, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Panama)
        • Latin America (spanish-speaking nations)
        • Tropics (countries located near equator)
    • Functional Region
      • Serves a purpose that affects places around it .
        • Distributes goods/people
        • Serves specific purpose
      • Examples :
        • Panama Canal
        • Amazon River Basin
        • Hollywood
        • Havana, Cuba
    • Perceptual Region
      • Groups of areas that provoke a certain stereotype or feeling.
      • Examples:
        • The Bronx
        • The “ghetto”
        • China town
    • HEI
      • The environment & people are interconnected.
      • Consequences to those actions depend upon how people choose to interact with the world and use their resources.
        • Positive/Negative
        • Intentional/Accidental
        • Favorable/Destructive
    • HEI
      • Current Enviromental Issues:
        • Climate Change (global warming)
        • Energy Resources
        • Water Conservation
        • Deforestation
    • Assignment
      • “ What does each theme look like?”
      • Use the graphic organizer to visually represent each of the fives themes of geography.
        • You may ONLY use words to label each circle.
        • Your picture should clearly describe the theme.
        • Be creative, and thoughtful.