ORGANISATIONS AND THE ENVIRONMENT<br />Tuesday, 11 October 2011<br />1 of 13<br />
Learning objectives<br /><ul><li>Understand the relationship and interactions between organisations and the environment
Introduce some drivers and approaches for organisations in being considerate of environmental impact
Introduce the role of the Environmental Manager in organisations</li></ul>Tuesday, 11 October 2011<br />2 of 13<br />
Organisations and the environment share a close relationship<br />Tuesday, 11 October 2011<br />3 of 13<br />Organisations...
Direct and indirect impacts</li></ul>Environment affecting organisations:<br /><ul><li>Direct impacts (e.g. water pollutio...
Indirect impacts…</li></ul>PRESSURE<br />
With the environment most often compromised<br />Tuesday, 11 October 2011<br />4 of 13<br />Organisation:<br /><ul><li>Eco...
Production
Consumption</li></ul>Environment:<br /><ul><li>Growth in CFCs
Dependency on oil economy
Influence of chemicals on agriculture and environment</li></li></ul><li>Yet this in turn indirectly affects the organisati...
As a result nowadays, organisations are being put under greater scrutiny<br />First national pollution control agency in t...
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Organisations and the environment

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Learning objectives:
- Understand the relationship and interactions between organisations and the environment
- Introduce some drivers and approaches for organisations in being considerate of environmental impact
- Introduce the role of the Environmental Manager in organisations

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Organisations and the environment

  1. 1. ORGANISATIONS AND THE ENVIRONMENT<br />Tuesday, 11 October 2011<br />1 of 13<br />
  2. 2. Learning objectives<br /><ul><li>Understand the relationship and interactions between organisations and the environment
  3. 3. Introduce some drivers and approaches for organisations in being considerate of environmental impact
  4. 4. Introduce the role of the Environmental Manager in organisations</li></ul>Tuesday, 11 October 2011<br />2 of 13<br />
  5. 5. Organisations and the environment share a close relationship<br />Tuesday, 11 October 2011<br />3 of 13<br />Organisations affect the environment:<br /><ul><li>Macro and micro scales
  6. 6. Direct and indirect impacts</li></ul>Environment affecting organisations:<br /><ul><li>Direct impacts (e.g. water pollution, droughts, floods)
  7. 7. Indirect impacts…</li></ul>PRESSURE<br />
  8. 8. With the environment most often compromised<br />Tuesday, 11 October 2011<br />4 of 13<br />Organisation:<br /><ul><li>Economic growth
  9. 9. Production
  10. 10. Consumption</li></ul>Environment:<br /><ul><li>Growth in CFCs
  11. 11. Dependency on oil economy
  12. 12. Influence of chemicals on agriculture and environment</li></li></ul><li>Yet this in turn indirectly affects the organisations themselves<br />Tuesday, 11 October 2011<br />5 of 13<br />Government policy and/or response<br />Legal restrictions<br />Employee concerns<br />Financial drivers<br />Competitor pressure<br />NGO campaigns<br />Customer preferences<br />Investor concerns<br />
  13. 13. As a result nowadays, organisations are being put under greater scrutiny<br />First national pollution control agency in the UK: the Alkali Inspectorate. Established 1863 to curb pollution in the caustic soda industry<br />Tuesday, 11 October 2011<br />Landmark events and media:<br /><ul><li>Rachel Carson book, Silent Spring
  14. 14. Oil price crises 1973-4 and 1978-80
  15. 15. Bhopal and Chernobyl
  16. 16. Al Gore’s Inconvenient Truth</li></ul>Public awareness and action:<br /><ul><li>Surge in foundation of green NGOs in the late 19th century
  17. 17. Green consumerism
  18. 18. Green political parties</li></ul>↑ scrutiny<br />↑demand<br />Events and conferences:<br /><ul><li>1972 UN conference on the human environment, Stockholm
  19. 19. 1992 Earth Summit, Rio De Janeiro</li></ul>6 of 13<br />
  20. 20. Organisations need to follow a new approach<br />A sustainable development approach<br />Produce higher levels of output using lower levels of input, while generating less waste<br />A palette of environmental management tools<br />Tighter legislative controls<br />Increasing pressure from stakeholders regarding environmental performance<br />Tuesday, 11 October 2011<br />Employees<br />Customers<br />Suppliers<br />Owners<br />Distributors<br />Community<br />7 of 13<br />
  21. 21. Led by an Environmental Manager<br />The role of the Environmental Manager:<br />Understand the pressures, risks and opportunities that environmental issues pose now, in the short-term and the long-term<br />Understand the nature of the issues on the organisation and the environment<br />Develop response strategies based on the impacts, resources, organisational strategy<br />Implement, maintain and develop the strategies over time<br />Tuesday, 11 October 2011<br />8 of 13<br />
  22. 22. Understanding such environmental pressures requires three components<br />Access to expertise on the environmental pressures on the business<br />A safe way to talk to stakeholders about the environmental performance of the organisation, without risk of public criticism<br />Integration of the identification and analysis of the impact on environmental issues with the core strategic business function<br />Tuesday, 11 October 2011<br />9 of 13<br />
  23. 23. Access to expertise, stakeholder dialogue and integration<br />Access to expertise<br />Senior management is generally very under skilled in this regard<br />Environmental issues reach all areas of business, and it is therefore difficult to place them in an organisational structure and allocate controls, authorities and responsibilities<br />Usually, issues are handed to communicators or campaigners, who encourage but not order<br />Stakeholder dialogue<br />Raw data from stakeholders interested in the organisation’s environmental performance<br />Tuesday, 11 October 2011<br />10 of 13<br />Integration difficult due to under skilled management!<br />Integration<br />Organisations are increasingly reviewing environmental and social issues to incorporate into their risk assessments and core strategies<br />
  24. 24. Environmental Managers can adopt these general response strategies <br />Tuesday, 11 October 2011<br />Respond to direct impacts of environmental change<br /><ul><li>Assessing risks to property and operations
  25. 25. Insurance and contingencies</li></ul>Legal compliance<br />Operational improvements to minimise costs<br /><ul><li>Raw materials, energy, water, paper, etc.</li></ul>Integrated environmental management procedures<br /><ul><li>Should integrate into normal procedures
  26. 26. Environmental audit
  27. 27. Environmental Management Systems</li></ul>11 of 13<br />
  28. 28. Environmental Managers can adopt these general response strategies <br />Tuesday, 11 October 2011<br />Communication strategies<br /><ul><li>Internal
  29. 29. External</li></ul>Suppliers<br /><ul><li>Supply chain
  30. 30. Life cycle</li></ul>Products and services<br /><ul><li>Life cycle impacts
  31. 31. Environmental footprints of products
  32. 32. Eco-design
  33. 33. Eco-labels
  34. 34. Eco-market niche positioning</li></ul>12 of 13<br />
  35. 35. References<br />Brady, 2005 Environmental Management in Organisations: The IEMA Handbook<br />Unit 1 Course Material, Environmental Auditing and Environmental Management Systems 2011, SOAS CEDEP<br />Tuesday, 11 October 2011<br />13 of 13<br />

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