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Kumar Abhay, IAAS Asstt. Accountant General O/o The Accountant General (A&E),Punjab. Role of Statistics in Real Life , Business & Good Governance
Use of Statistics in Real Life At every stage and in every aspect of our activities Statistics used even at the origin stage of human beings Certain Statistics are used to the extent that we hardly feel that we are using Statistics ( have become Common Sense) It is gaining importance with public desire to have information and to use them in ( informed decision making) Wednesday, October 20, 2010 2
Use of Statistics in Real Life cont’d General desire to minimise uncertainty in our life ( preference for Calculated Risk / Certainty ) Most importantly the Employment Opportunity offered
In Government Jobs ( ISS , SSS ; One of the optionals at Pre. as well as Main Exam stage of Civil Services )
In Public Sector Undertakings & Autonomous Bodies ( Teaching & Research, R.B.I. , Public Sector Banks , etc.)
In Private Sector ( all types of companies : Insurance Sector ,
Use of Statistics in Promoting Good Governance Evidence Based Policy Making : Policy based on reality as represented by Data (Policy Planning) Participation : Needs to be informed and organised Effectiveness : Policies & projects linked with definite quantifiable outcome Accountability : To be linked with outcome( performance linked promotions) Access to Information : Desirable information to be made available at affordable cost Wednesday, October 20, 2010 6
Present Statistical System in India M/o Statistics & Programme Implementation , Government of India : Separate ministry in existence w.e.f. 15.10.1999 ( every other ministry/ department has Statistics Wing ) State Statistical Bureaus/ Directorate of Economics & Statistics at State/UT Level District Statistical Officer All sorts of data are collected and compiled Wednesday, October 20, 2010 7
Statistics & Good Governance Requirements for Statistics to be useful as Good Governance tool
Quality of Statistics/Data
Institutional mechanism to use Statistics/Data
Official Statistics are to be used as a Public Good Wednesday, October 20, 2010 8
Quality Measures of Statistics/Data Relevance (pragmatic data quality) Accuracy & Adequacy ( based on Risk involved & Importance) Timeliness Accessibility Comparability Coherence Wednesday, October 20, 2010 9
Recent Developments National Statistical Commission Subscription to IMF’s Special Data Dissemination Standards Advance Release Calendar for important indicators (MoSPI) The India Statistical Strengthening Project ( focus on SSBs/DESs ) National Strategic Statistical Plan (SWOT type analysis) Result Framework Document Wednesday, October 20, 2010 10
Result Framework Document A system for monitoring and evaluating the performance of Govt. Departments and Ministries ( from 2009-10) Basic Components of RFD:
What are Departments basic objectives?
What actions are proposed to achieve these objectives during the year? And
How would we know at the end of the year the degree of progress made in implementing these actions i.e. what is the relevant success indicators?
Wednesday, October 20, 2010 11
Result Framework Document cont’d As per this system, at the beginning of each financial year, all Ministries / Departments are required to prepare a RFD consisting of the priorities set out by the Ministry concerned, corresponding success indicators and time bound targets to measure progress in achieving these objectives. At the end of year, all Ministries / Departments are required to review and prepare a report listing the achievements of their Ministries / Departments against the agreed results for placing before the Cabinet for information. Wednesday, October 20, 2010 12
References: MoSPI website ( www.mospi.gov.in). C&AG of India website (www.cag.gov.in) Inherent and pragmatic data quality measures ( by JurgensPieterse ) Dakar Declaration on the Development of Statistics Statistical Literacy Guide ( House of Commons Library ,UK) Wednesday, October 20, 2010 13