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Role of statistics in real life , business & good governance

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  • 1. Kumar Abhay, IAAS
    Asstt. Accountant General
    O/o The Accountant General (A&E),Punjab.
    Role of Statistics in Real Life , Business & Good Governance
  • 2. Use of Statistics in Real Life
    At every stage and in every aspect of our activities
    Statistics used even at the origin stage of human beings
    Certain Statistics are used to the extent that we hardly feel that we are using Statistics ( have become Common Sense)
    It is gaining importance with public desire to have information and to use them in ( informed decision making)
    Wednesday, October 20, 2010
    2
  • 3. Use of Statistics in Real Life cont’d
    General desire to minimise uncertainty in our life ( preference for Calculated Risk / Certainty )
    Most importantly the Employment Opportunity offered
    • In Government Jobs ( ISS , SSS ; One of the optionals at Pre. as well as Main Exam stage of Civil Services )
    • 4. In Public Sector Undertakings & Autonomous Bodies ( Teaching & Research, R.B.I. , Public Sector Banks , etc.)
    • 5. In Private Sector ( all types of companies : Insurance Sector ,
    ITES , BPO , Market Research, Pharmaceuticals, etc.)
    Wednesday, October 20, 2010
    3
  • 6. Use of Statistics in Business
    No Business Enterprise can be run successfully without using Statistics ( scale & type depend on nature and volume of business)
    Statistics used in :
    • Understanding Consumer Behaviour ( Need Analysis for any product , even financial products)
    • 7. Product Designing & Pricing
    • 8. Product Customisation ( segment specific products )
    • 9. Quality Control ( process as well as product quality control)
    • 10. Market Research
    • 11. Seasonality/Cyclic Issues
    Wednesday, October 20, 2010
    4
  • 12. Use of Statistics in Good Governance
    Components of Good Governance
    • Evidence Based Policy Making
    • 13. Transparency
    • 14. Participation
    • 15. Effectiveness
    • 16. Accountability
    • 17. Access to information
    • 18. Coherence & Coordination
    • 19. Sensitive to : Gender , Equity & Environment
    Wednesday, October 20, 2010
    5
  • 20. Use of Statistics in Promoting Good Governance
    Evidence Based Policy Making : Policy based on reality as represented by Data (Policy Planning)
    Participation : Needs to be informed and organised
    Effectiveness : Policies & projects linked with definite quantifiable outcome
    Accountability : To be linked with outcome( performance linked promotions)
    Access to Information : Desirable information to be made available at affordable cost
    Wednesday, October 20, 2010
    6
  • 21. Present Statistical System in India
    M/o Statistics & Programme Implementation , Government of India : Separate ministry in existence w.e.f. 15.10.1999 ( every other ministry/ department has Statistics Wing )
    State Statistical Bureaus/ Directorate of Economics & Statistics at State/UT Level
    District Statistical Officer
    All sorts of data are collected and compiled
    Wednesday, October 20, 2010
    7
  • 22. Statistics & Good Governance
    Requirements for Statistics to be useful as Good Governance tool
    • Quality of Statistics/Data
    • 23. Institutional mechanism to use Statistics/Data
    Official Statistics are to be used as a Public Good
    Wednesday, October 20, 2010
    8
  • 24. Quality Measures of Statistics/Data
    Relevance (pragmatic data quality)
    Accuracy & Adequacy ( based on Risk involved & Importance)
    Timeliness
    Accessibility
    Comparability
    Coherence
    Wednesday, October 20, 2010
    9
  • 25. Recent Developments
    National Statistical Commission
    Subscription to IMF’s Special Data Dissemination Standards
    Advance Release Calendar for important indicators (MoSPI)
    The India Statistical Strengthening Project ( focus on SSBs/DESs )
    National Strategic Statistical Plan (SWOT type analysis)
    Result Framework Document
    Wednesday, October 20, 2010
    10
  • 26. Result Framework Document
    A system for monitoring and evaluating the performance of Govt. Departments and Ministries ( from 2009-10)
    Basic Components of RFD:
    • What are Departments basic objectives? 
    • 27. What actions are proposed to achieve these objectives during the year?  And
    • 28. How would we know at the end of the year the degree of progress made in implementing these actions i.e. what is the relevant success indicators?
    Wednesday, October 20, 2010
    11
  • 29. Result Framework Document cont’d
    As per this system, at the beginning of each financial year, all Ministries / Departments are required to prepare a RFD consisting of the priorities set out by the Ministry concerned, corresponding success indicators and time bound targets to measure progress in achieving these objectives. At the end of year, all Ministries / Departments are required to review and prepare a report listing the achievements of their Ministries / Departments against the agreed results  for placing before the Cabinet for information.
    Wednesday, October 20, 2010
    12
  • 30. References:
    MoSPI website ( www.mospi.gov.in).
    C&AG of India website (www.cag.gov.in)
    Inherent and pragmatic data quality measures ( by JurgensPieterse )
    Dakar Declaration on the Development of Statistics
    Statistical Literacy Guide ( House of Commons Library ,UK)
    Wednesday, October 20, 2010
    13
  • 31. THANKS !!!
    Wednesday, October 20, 2010
    14